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NOC Code: NOC Code: 0712b Occupation: Residential Home Builders and Renovators
Occupation Description: Occupation Description:
Residential home builders own, operate and manage companies engaged in the construction of new residential homes. Residential home renovators own, operate and manage companies engaged in the renovation of residential homes. Residential home builders own, operate and manage companies engaged in the construction of new residential homes. Residential home renovators own, operate and manage companies engaged in the renovation of residential homes.

  • Click on any of the Essential Skills to view sample workplace tasks for this occupation.
  • Skill levels are assigned to tasks: Level 1 tasks are the least complex and level 4 or 5 tasks (depending upon the specific skill) are the most complex. Skill levels are associated with workplace tasks and not the workers performing these tasks.
  • Scroll down the page to get information on career planning, education and training, and employment and volunteer opportunities.

Table will display the Skill Level for the Noc specified
Essential Skills Essential Skills Levels
Reading Text Reading Text 1 2 3 4
Writing Writing 1 2 3
Document Use Document Use 1 2 3
Computer Use Computer Use 1 2 3
Oral Communication Oral Communication 1 2 3
Money Math Money Math 1 2 3
Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting 1 2 3 4
Measurement and Calculation Measurement and Calculation 1 2 3
Data Analysis Data Analysis 1 2 3 4
Numerical Estimation Numerical Estimation 1 2 3
Job Task Planning and Organizing Job Task Planning and Organizing 1 2 3
Decision Making Decision Making 1 2 3
Problem Solving Problem Solving 1 2 3
Finding Information Finding Information 1 2
Critical Thinking Critical Thinking 1 2 3


  • The skill levels represented in the above chart illustrate the full range of sample tasks performed by experienced workers and not individuals preparing for or entering this occupation for the first time.
  • Note that some occupational profiles do not include all Numeracy and Thinking Essential Skills.

If you would like to print a copy of the chart and sample tasks, click on the "Print Occupational Profile" button at the top of the page.


Reading Text
  • Read comments and instructions on work orders, invoices and architectural drawings. For example, read comments on architectural drawings that provide details about specifications to be met and building materials to be used. (1)
  • Read mixing, handling and storage instructions on product labels and packaging. For example, read labels on drywall compound packaging to confirm application procedures. (1)
  • Read product bulletins, marketing brochures, catalogues and trade magazines for information about industry trends and new materials. For example, read about the residential construction industry in trade magazines such as Home Builder Canada. Read about the features and benefits of new products such as decking materials in product brochures. (2)
  • Read résumés to determine job applicants' training, skills and accomplishments. (2)
  • Read instruction manuals. For example, read manuals published by organizations such as the Canadian Home Builders Association to learn techniques used to create effective air, weather and moisture barriers. (3)
  • Read employment standards, safety and building codes, and bylaws which regulate building permits, land use and the employment of workers. For example, read legislations about overtime pay and municipal bylaws which specify the maximum distances that eaves, balconies, bay windows and canopies can project over rear yards. (3)
  • Read lengthy letters and short reports. For example, read letters which discuss deficiencies uncovered by construction inspectors and short reports that outline the results of soil analysis tests conducted by engineers. (3)
  • Read research reports, economic forecasts and marketing studies published by agencies such as Statistics Canada and the Canadian Construction Association. For example, residential home builders who operate large companies may read detailed reports which analyze the relationships between interest rates, materials costs and demand for new homes. (4)
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Writing
  • Write short notes and daybook entries. For example, write notes to record observations and summarize discussion items. (1)
  • Write short reports to describe events leading to workplace accidents and steps taken after. (2)
  • Write memos about job tasks, work procedures, schedules, workloads and safety protocols. For example, a residential home builder may write a short note to an electrical subcontractor asking if the wiring can be changed to accommodate customer's requests for additional electrical outlets. (2)
  • Write marketing materials which describe and promote services. Outline the services the company offers, business philosophies, skills and trade qualifications of workers and the business associations to which you belong. (3)
  • Write a variety of business letters to customers, suppliers and subcontractors. For example, write letters of complaint to suppliers and subcontractors, specifying the nature and extent of deficiencies, timelines within which deficiencies are to be addressed and repercussions if they are not corrected. (3)
  • Write contracts and proposals outlining work to be completed, timelines, payment schedules and caveats. For example, home renovators may write caveats which specify contingency costs if they encounter defects such as asbestos insulation and mould. (3)
  • Write comprehensive work procedures. For example, residential home builders and renovators may write explicit sequences of steps for their employees to follow. A residential home builder who operates a large company may describe a warranty claims process which specifies inspections needed, paperwork to be completed and solutions which must be offered to customers. (3)
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Document Use
  • Recognize symbols located on drawings, labels, product packaging and signage. For example, observe symbols which indicate requirements of personal protective equipment and hazards such as flammable ingredients. (1)
  • Scan materials, schedules and parts' listings to locate quantities, identification numbers, descriptions, dimensions and unit costs of building materials and supplies. For example, review price lists to locate the costs of lumber, nails, shingles and light fixtures. (2)
  • Scan tables to locate project specifications, land use regulations, financial data, housing starts and building permit values. For example, home builders scan tables to determine the specifications for electrical, plumbing and mechanical components and systems. Tract builders may scan tables that outline land use regulations such as requirements for green spaces and parks. Home renovators review tables of financial data to determine budget allocations for items such as windows, doors and landscaping. (2)
  • Complete checklists and entry forms to record data such as revenues, costs, contact information and specifications. For example, complete building permit applications by checking boxes and entering site and contact information. Record project costs and the hours worked by tradespeople in log books. Fill out application forms to secure lines of credit and government forms to remit taxes. (2)
  • Review assembly drawings to learn how to assemble and install prefabricated products such as wall units, fireplaces and kitchen cabinets. (2)
  • Scan schematics when assembling, installing and troubleshooting wiring, heating and ventilation systems. For example, residential home builders and renovators may refer to schematics when troubleshooting electrical problems caused by faulty circuit breaker installations. (3)
  • Scan complex architectural drawings to ascertain slopes, elevations, locations and dimensions. For example, scan and cross-reference architectural drawings to determine the slopes of drainage systems, the elevations of roofs and chimneys and the locations and dimensions of items such as walls, windows, doorways, staircases, beams and appliances. (3)
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Computer Use
  • Log on suppliers' websites to research new products, download specifications, retrieve assembly and application instructions and access other information. Access electronic copies of bulletins published by regulatory bodies and industry associations. (2)
  • Exchange email and electronic files with customers, subcontractors, colleagues and suppliers. (2)
  • Use bookkeeping, billing and accounting software. For example, use commercial accounting programs to record financial transactions, track provincial and federal taxes, complete payrolls and print invoices and cheques. (2)
  • Create spreadsheets to track cash flows, monitor budgets, track clients and manage inventory. Enter data, incorporate basic summing formulas and print summaries. (2)
  • Use word processing. For example, use basic editing and text formatting features to write letters, produce invoices and create signage. (2)
  • Use hardware and systems skills. For example, setup hardware components such as computers, facsimile machines, printers and photocopiers. Network workstations and install software applications from compact disks and the Internet. (3)
  • Use computer and software applications. For example, use advanced features of project management applications to record activities, assign tasks to workers, organize lists, schedule activities, balance workloads and print reports. (3)
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Oral Communication
  • Discuss topics such as project specifications, installation processes, timelines, regulatory and reporting requirements, material shortages and worksite hazards with suppliers, colleagues and construction inspectors. For example, discuss soil sample results with engineers, and material defects, poor quality work, delays and failures to follow instructions with employees and subcontractors. Negotiate solutions to material shortages and erratic deliveries with suppliers. (2)
  • Exchange information with subcontractors and employees such as labourers, tradespeople and site supervisors. Discuss job task assignments, conflicts between workers, work procedures, schedules, workloads and safety protocols. For example, speak with subcontractors about the locations of pot lights and general labourers and tradespeople about mouldings. Residential home builders and renovators who operate large companies may talk to their comptrollers about cash flow requirements, and site supervisors about material wastage and cost overruns. (2)
  • Talk to customers about a wide variety of topics including architectural design elements, product selections and specifications, pricing, timelines and problems which may arise due to cost overruns and construction delays. For example, residential home builders and renovators may discuss the advantages and disadvantages of dozens of available flooring, appliance and cabinetry options and promote the best choices. They may negotiate new timelines and pricing after customers request design changes. (3)
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Money Math
  • Calculate invoice amounts and verify totals. Calculate the direct costs of labour, professional fees, materials, supplies and permits and include provisions for profit and applicable taxes. (3)
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Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting
  • Compare costs of a variety of construction materials and methods. For example, compare the costs of roof trusses to purchasing prefabricated units to determine which options generate the greatest savings, and materials and services from different suppliers to determine lowest prices. (3)
  • Prepare annual operating budgets for home construction and renovation companies. For example, tract builders may prepare operating budgets valued at over 500 million dollars to forecast cash flows and credit requirements. They forecast monthly expenditures and revenues and provide for possible cost overruns and delays in the receipt of revenues. (4)
  • Prepare bids and quotes for residential construction projects which may cost millions of dollars. Forecast costs of labour, materials and supplies of more than twenty construction phases including design, lot excavation, foundation work, framing, roofing and installation of plumbing, electrical, heating and ventilation systems. Be precise because bids and quotes may be binding. (4)
  • Create and modify construction schedules to ensure the timely, orderly and efficient completion of projects. When developing these schedules, consider task sequences, time intervals between key events, lead times and seasonal variations in labour supplies. Make allowances in schedules for modifications, potential disruptions due to extremes of weather, illnesses, equipment breakdowns and delayed deliveries of materials and supplies. Residential home builders and renovators operating large companies create and modify construction schedules for multiple projects. (4)
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Measurement and Calculation
  • Take a variety of readings and measurements. For example, take readings to determine drywall moisture levels and ambient air temperatures. Take measurements to locate the dimensions of building materials, the size of openings and the angles and slopes of gable ends and roofs. (1)
  • Calculate the areas of floors, walls, rooms and homes. For example, calculate plywood, sheathing and paint requirements for floors, walls and ceilings by taking into account room sizes, wall heights and the dimensions of window and door openings. (2)
  • Calculate quantities of materials such as flooring, sheathing and shingles needed for construction projects For example, determine the flooring materials and trim needed for intricate staircases and landing designs. (3)
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Data Analysis
  • Compare a variety of measurements such as airflows, dimensions, angles, moisture levels and temperatures to specifications. For example, compare the capacity of furnaces to specifications to ensure heating requirements are met. (1)
  • Generate statistics to describe operational features such as average costs, and completion times and rates of material usage and wastage. For example, calculate per square metre costs of homes, typical lengths of time to frame various sizes of houses, normal consumption rates of materials such as fasteners, and the wastage rates generally incurred when installing items such as floor coverings and mouldings. Compare the actual number of bricks laid and amounts of rebar used per day to projected rates. (3)
  • Analyze the influence that economic growth forecasts, demographics, interest rates and construction costs will have on the demand for new homes and renovations. Select data from a number of sources, organize and analyze them to ensure accurate conclusions are drawn. (4)
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Numerical Estimation
  • Estimate dimensions, distances and angles. For example, estimate how many square metres of floor space are needed to comfortably access and use computer work stations. (1)
  • Estimate times for workers to complete tasks. Consider the requirements of the work being carried out, experience levels of workers, times taken to complete similar tasks in the past and anticipated weather conditions. (1)
  • Estimate completion times for large, multiphase construction projects. Consider lead times, times taken to complete similar projects in the past, expected weather conditions and the availability of labour, equipment, parts and building materials. (3)
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Job Task Planning and Organizing
  • Residential home builders and renovators plan their daily activities to meet their goals they have established. Most home builders and renovators schedule their daily activities to complete administrative tasks such as producing invoices and supervising work, often at several locations. Their work schedules are frequently disrupted by calls from customers, inclement weather, unexpected labour shortages and interruptions caused by delayed delivery of parts, materials and supplies. (3)
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Decision Making
  • Choose work assignments for employees and subcontractors. Consider the characteristics of job tasks and the skills, experience, certifications and hourly wages of workers. For example, assign electrical subcontractors to string new wiring and have general labourers sort and stack lumber. (1)
  • Choose work procedures and construction techniques which will meet project budgets, specifications, regulatory requirements and timelines. Select equipment and tools which meet safety and production requirements, materials for regulatory and project specifications and employees and subcontractors who have the required skills. (3)
  • Select construction and renovation projects and investment opportunities. Consider the sizes and timelines of projects, the projected availabilities of skilled labour and exposures to financial risk. For example, home renovators may bid on large renovation projects after determining that workers will be available to complete the work within the required timelines and sufficient revenues will be generated. Operators of larger construction companies may decide to develop parcels of land after determining there is sufficient demand for new homes in their areas. (3)
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Problem Solving
  • Architectural drawings and data needed to determine construction costs are missing. Ask architects to complete the necessary drawings and engineers to provide the data before proceeding with construction quotes. (1)
  • Discover that prefabricated items such as doors, windows and kitchen cabinets do not fit. Reorder the items after taking new measurements and inform customers that there may be delays. In some cases, use the incorrectly-sized items in other projects, so that companies responsible for the mistakes need not replace them. (2)
  • Learn that homes have not passed final inspections due to the faulty installation of items such as wiring, plumbing and mechanical systems. Consult building inspectors to understand the deficiencies and required changes. Inform installers and suppliers about needed changes and ensure that the work is redone to acceptable standards. (2)
  • You cannot meet deadlines due to delays caused by weather extremes, equipment breakdowns and shortages of skilled labour and materials. Adjust schedules and direct employees and subcontractors to complete other projects to minimize extent of delays. Inform customers and other employees and trade subcontractors affected by the interruptions. (3)
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Finding Information
  • Learn about prospective subcontractors and employees by reviewing résumés, asking questions during interviews and talking to references. (2)
  • Locate product information such as descriptions, application techniques, specifications, costs and availabilities by speaking with suppliers and by reviewing catalogues, brochures, price lists and information posted on manufacturers' websites. (2)
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Critical Thinking
  • Evaluate the quality of completed work. Consider the fit of doors, windows, cabinetry and appliances, number of visible defects and neatness of wiring, plumbing and mechanical installations. (2)
  • Evaluate the suitability of job applicants and subcontractors. Evaluate résumés, conduct interviews and review information provided by references. Consider requirements of various positions and how job candidates and subcontractors satisfy those requirements. (2)
  • Evaluate workplace safety. For example, residential home builders and renovators assess the placement of barriers and planks to prevent accidental falls. Assess the appropriateness of materials used and the quality of construction. (2)
  • Judge the completeness and accuracy of designs, work schedules and construction drawings. For example, residential home builders and renovators judge the suitability of heat duct placements and confirm that ductwork will not interfere with wiring and plumbing installations. (2)
  • Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of new building materials. Consider criteria such as cost, durability, ease of application and visual appeal. Seek opinions from other residential home builders and renovators, read manufacturers' promotional materials and speak to suppliers. (3)
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