Ontario Skills Passport
Layout structure
header
Header structure
header
navigation
Display Noc
OSP Occupational Profile

OSP Occupational Profile

Print Occupational Profile

Display page browsing back option list
Display page browsing back option list <<Back
Display Noc Details
NOC Code: NOC Code: 0822 Occupation: Managers in horticulture
Occupation Description: Occupation Description:
Managers in horticulture plan, organize, direct and control the activities of nursery and greenhouse staff who grow and market trees, shrubs, flowers and plants. Managers in horticulture plan, organize, direct and control the activities of nursery and greenhouse staff who grow and market trees, shrubs, flowers and plants.

  • Click on any of the Essential Skills to view sample workplace tasks for this occupation.
  • Scroll down the page to get information on career planning, education and training, and employment and volunteer opportunities.

Table will display the Skill Level for the Noc specified
Essential Skills Essential Skills Levels
Reading Reading 1 2 3 4
Writing Writing 1 2 3 4
Document Use Document Use 1 2 3
Digital Technology Digital Technology 1 2 3
Oral Communication Oral Communication 1 2 3 4
Money Math Money Math 1 2 3
Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting 1 2 3 4
Measurement and Calculation Measurement and Calculation 1 2
Data Analysis Data Analysis 1 2 3
Numerical Estimation Numerical Estimation 1 2 3
Job Task Planning and Organizing Job Task Planning and Organizing 1 2 3 4
Decision Making Decision Making 1 2 3
Problem Solving Problem Solving 1 2 3
Finding Information Finding Information 1 2 3
Critical Thinking Critical Thinking 1 2 3


  • The skill levels represented in the above chart illustrate the full range of sample tasks performed by experienced workers and not individuals preparing for or entering this occupation for the first time.
  • Note that some occupational profiles do not include all Numeracy and Thinking Essential Skills.

If you would like to print a copy of the chart and sample tasks, click on the "Print Occupational Profile" button at the top of the page.


Reading
  • Read short text passages on labels and in forms. For example, managers in horticulture read comments about customers' orders in purchase order forms. Growers and production managers read application notes, warnings and other text on the labels of pesticides and fertilizers. They read instructions for the safe handling and storage of these chemical products and notes about first aid in material safety data sheets. (2)
  • Read short text passages in catalogues and product information sheets. For example, managers in horticulture read about specific plants' appearance, growing conditions and life cycles in plant suppliers' catalogues. They read about insect predators, their targets and their release conditions in product information sheets from natural pest control product suppliers. (2)
  • Read email messages and letters. For example, read customers' questions about specific trees, shrubs, flowers and plants in letters and email messages. Managers in horticulture read email messages and letters in which suppliers confirm the availability of requested garden and lawn care equipment. They read about upcoming training sessions in horticulture in email messages and letters from provincial ministries of agriculture. (2)
  • Read articles and features in newsletters and trade magazines. For example, managers in horticulture read articles and features in publications such as Greenhouse Canada and growertalks.com to stay abreast of new technologies for temperature regulation, irrigation, glazing and energy conservation. Christmas tree farm operators read articles in newsletters such as Ontario Christmas Tree News to obtain information about tree diseases and treatments and lessons learned by other industry members. (3)
  • Read manuals and guides. For example, read reference guides to gain knowledge about procedures for insect, disease and weed control. Managers in horticulture read horticultural guides such as the Ball Redbooks to learn methods for crop production, irrigation, growth regulation, nutrition and postharvest care. (3)
  • Read articles in scientific journals. For example, growers of intensively-cultivated crops such as mushrooms read selected articles in botanical sciences and agronomy journals to learn about experiments with new biological, genetic, physical, cultural and chemical methods for controlling destructive pests and pathogens. (4)
Back to Top

Writing
  • Write reminders, notes to co-workers and short text entries in forms. For example, growers and production managers write short notes to remind nursery and greenhouse workers of unfinished planting, harvesting and care tasks. They write brief comments about pesticide application, irrigation and deadheading into plant maintenance forms. (1)
  • Write email messages and short letters. For example, write email messages to answer customers' questions about nursery, greenhouse and floriculture products. Managers in horticulture write email messages to ask suppliers about the availability of garden and lawn care equipment. They write letters of complaint to suppliers when products are damaged and of inferior quality. (2)
  • Prepare procedures for nursery and greenhouse workers. For example, growers and production managers write procedures for tasks such as planting, transplanting, feeding and spraying stock. They describe tasks to be performed, materials, products and equipment to be used, time frames to be achieved and other requirements. They use clear and concise language to reduce ambiguities and the possibilities of misinterpretation. (3)
  • Write the text for leaflets, brochures, catalogues, newspapers, newsletters and Internet sites to promote your products and services. For example, managers in horticulture write leaflets, brochures, catalogues and websites for potential customers in which they describe their operations, collections and personalized services. They write product information sheets and newspaper and newsletter articles about trees, shrubs, flowers and plants and their selection, planting, protection and maintenance. They have to gather, select and rewrite information from various sources for a mixed audience of horticulturists and gardening amateurs. (4)
  • Write reports. For example, managers in horticulture write marketing plans which identify new initiatives to increase the visibility and sales of their nurseries. They write investigation reports following the discovery of damaged and diseased flowers and nursery crops. They describe pests found and diseases diagnosed, variables investigated to identify causes, and patterns in occurrences. They also suggest remedial measures and treatments. (4)
Back to Top

Document Use
  • Locate data on labels. For example, managers in horticulture scan labels on pest control products to identify product names, hazardous ingredients, concentrations and other data. They scan labels on tree, shrub, flower and plant containers to identify common and Latin names, hardiness zones, ideal temperatures and sun and light requirements. (1)
  • Enter data into lists, tables and schedules. For example, managers in horticulture enter plant names and dates into planting, harvesting and care calendars. They enter dates, hours and employees' names into staff schedules. (2)
  • Obtain information from sketches, pictures and photographs. For example, managers in horticulture scan coloured pictures of plants infected with varied types of diseases and pests in order to assess the health and condition of flowers and nursery crops. (2)
  • Locate data in lists, tables and schedules. For example, scan price lists to confirm wholesale and retail prices on nursery and greenhouse products. Managers in horticulture scan tables in suppliers' catalogues to locate data such as plant shapes, foliages, spreads and heights. They scan calendars to locate data such as seeding and feeding dates, numbers planted and temperatures. (2)
  • Locate data in entry forms. For example, locate data such as dates, customers' names and addresses, product identifiers, quantities ordered and modes of payment in purchase order forms. (2)
  • Complete forms such as fax cover sheets, purchase orders and plant maintenance forms. For example, record quantitative data and mark checkboxes on purchase orders for materials such as fertilizers, garden and lawn care equipment and greenhouse accessories. Data is required from several sources to complete these forms. (3)
  • Locate data in graphs. For example, scan growth graphs to locate expected tree, shrub, flower and plant heights over time. (3)
  • Locate and interpret data in assembly drawings. For example, managers in horticulture analyze assembly drawings to locate the placement and orientation of parts in irrigation pumps. (3)
Back to Top

Digital Technology
  • Use Internet browsers such as Outlook to access product catalogues on suppliers' websites and complete order forms. Perform keyword searches to get information about specific trees, shrubs, flowers, plants, fertilizers, pesticides, diseases, growing techniques and equipment. (2)
  • Use word processing. For example, write, edit and format text for letters, procedures, reports and promotional materials. Supplement text with imported photographs and scans. Use formatting features such as font styles and sizes, columns and heading levels. (2)
  • Use communications software. For example, use email programs such as Outlook to exchange email messages and attachments with customers, colleagues and suppliers. (2)
  • Use spreadsheets. For example, create planting, harvesting and care schedules, budget forecasts and invoices using spreadsheet programs such as Excel. Create spreadsheets to track hours worked by employees. Embed formulas to perform calculations. (3)
  • Use graphics software. For example, use photo editing software to enlarge and print photos taken with digital cameras. (3)
  • Use databases. For example, create and modify databases to track product inventories and orders using programs such as Access. Search, display and print data from these databases. (3)
  • Use computer and software applications. For example, managers in horticulture use environmental control software to ensure inside greenhouse temperatures stay within acceptable ranges. Managers and operators of larger facilities track plant maintenance data using computerized bar codes. (3)
  • Use bookkeeping, billing and accounting software. For example, managers in horticulture use accounting programs such as Acomba, QuickBooks and Simply Accounting to record financial transactions, calculate payroll and prepare pay cheques, invoices and financial statements, such as balance sheets and income and expense statements. (3)
Back to Top

Oral Communication
  • Negotiate prices and coordinate deliveries of products with customers and suppliers. For example, negotiate the wholesale prices of nursery, greenhouse and floriculture products with retail outlet owners. Coordinate the deliveries of tractors, sprayers and trucks with equipment suppliers. (2)
  • Give directions to workers and discuss ongoing tasks with them. For example, managers in horticulture discuss the condition of damaged trees, shrubs, flowers and plants with nursery and greenhouse workers and provide instructions for insect, disease and weed control. (2)
  • Lead discussions at staff meetings. For example, lead discussions about topics such as staff schedules, growing, inventories, marketing, sales and customer service. Brainstorm solutions to problems such as staff shortages and underperforming crew members. (3)
  • Provide advice to retail and wholesale customers. For example, managers in horticulture provide advice to retail customers on the selection of trees, shrubs, flowers and plants. They question customers to identify their preferences and budgets and to acquire information about their particular terrain, soil conditions and sun exposures. They recommend products to suit customers' needs. They also answer questions from customers about problem weeds, grasses, soil conditions, insects and diseases found in their lawns and suggest treatment plans. (3)
  • Discuss technical matters with co-workers, colleagues and suppliers. For example, mushroom growers may discuss new pest control methods with researchers. Managers in horticulture discuss new technologies for temperature regulation, irrigation, glazing and energy conservation with colleagues and suppliers. (3)
  • Lead and facilitate training sessions. For example, managers in horticulture train their crews on planting, transplanting, feeding, irrigation and harvesting procedures. They demonstrate procedures and facilitate discussions. They question trainees to ascertain their understanding of procedures. They establish trust and encourage trainees' active involvement in the learning process. (3)
  • Make presentations to groups of co-workers, colleagues and customers. For example, managers in horticulture may deliver presentations about the treatment of damaged and diseased plants to groups of horticultural students and specialists. They answer questions from audiences. They tailor presentation style and language to fit audiences' characteristics, concerns and expectations. (4)
Back to Top

Money Math
  • Count cash and make change for payments from customers for nursery, greenhouse and floriculture products. (2)
  • Calculate and verify purchase order and invoice amounts. For example, managers in horticulture calculate and verify line amounts, taxes, volume discounts and totals on invoices for nursery stock, trees, shrubs, cut flowers and other products which they sell. (3)
Back to Top

Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting
  • Calculate amounts for accounts receivable and payable, bank reconciliations and summaries in general ledgers. For example, managers in horticulture add and subtract business transactions not listed on bank statements to produce monthly bank reconciliations. (3)
  • Determine the lowest prices for materials and equipment. For example, managers in horticulture determine the lowest prices for materials such as plant bulbs, seeds and cuttings, pesticides and fertilizers. They check prices offered by several suppliers and determine which suppliers offer the lowest prices. (3)
  • Prepare resource allocation matrices, calendars and work schedules for the growing and marketing of trees, shrubs, flowers and plants. For example, managers in horticulture prepare calendars and staff schedules for soil preparation, planting, transplanting, spraying stock, fertilizing, harvesting and potting. They have to adjust calendars and schedules frequently because of bad weather conditions, staff shortages and outbreaks of diseases. (4)
  • Prepare budgets for the growing and marketing of trees, shrubs, flowers and plants. For example, managers in horticulture prepare budgets for soil preparation, planting, transplanting, spraying stock, fertilizing, harvesting and potting. They take into consideration the unit costs of labour, equipment and materials such as plant bulbs, seeds and cuttings, pesticides and fertilizers. They factor in the time needed to locate materials and the probability of obtaining volume discounts. They need to be fairly accurate to minimize budget variances. (4)
  • Collect and analyse financial data to improve profitability. For example, analyze deviations from budgets and expected sales; compare budgeted amounts to actual expenditures and expected sales to actual sales for all products grown and sold. Identify items that were underestimated in previous seasons and trends in the prices of materials such as plant bulbs, seeds and cuttings, pesticides and fertilizers to improve the accuracy of future cost estimates. (4)
  • Prepare financial statements. For example, managers in horticulture prepare balance sheets, income and expense statements, and statements of cash flows. (4)
  • Calculate amounts for payroll, utility and tax accounts. For example, managers in horticulture calculate payroll amounts. They multiply times worked by hourly rates and then deduct federal and provincial income taxes, contributions to pension plans and employment insurance fees. They have to use different hourly rates for overtime and holidays. (4)
Back to Top

Measurement and Calculation
  • Measure sizes, distances, angles and volumes using common measuring tools. For example, managers in horticulture use graduated containers to measure amounts of fertilizers, insecticides and fungicides. They use tapes to measure circumferences of trees at breast height. They use surveyor's levels to measure land slopes. (1)
  • Calculate quantities and amounts. For example, managers in horticulture calculate areas of greenhouses and cold frames, volumes of water needed to irrigate them and numbers of plants which they can house. They calculate areas of diseased crops which have to be treated with fungicide, quantities of dilute solutions needed for these jobs and the volumes of fungicide and water needed to make them. (2)
Back to Top

Data Analysis
  • Manage large inventories of materials, products and equipment. For example, managers in horticulture manage inventories of products for sale. They manage inventories of marketing materials such as leaflets, brochures and catalogues. Managers in horticulture manage inventories of materials such as plant bulbs, plugs, seeds, cuttings, pesticides and fertilizers. They establish desirable inventory levels and calculate turnover rates. They adjust inventory levels to reflect production needs. They count inventories and calculate quantities needed to bring inventories to desirable levels. (3)
  • Collect and analyse data to monitor growing conditions and the health and survival of trees, shrubs and plants. For example, managers in horticulture collect and analyse data on variables such as outside temperature, rainfall, soil acidity, the incidence of diseases and pests and the application of pesticide to trees, shrubs, flowers and plants. They interpret data to identify relationships between variables and to assess the effectiveness of horticultural methods. Managers in horticulture analyse trends in outside temperatures and wind speeds so that they can adjust environmental controls. They analyse inside light levels over several days to determine watering requirements. (3)
Back to Top

Numerical Estimation
  • Estimate quantities and amounts. For example, managers in horticulture estimate quantities of bulbs, seeds and cuttings to be planted to account for kill during growth. They take into account the average survival rates of the various species over several years. (2)
  • Estimate times and durations to carry out job tasks. For example, managers in horticulture estimate times needed by nursery and greenhouse workers for soil preparation, planting, transplanting, spraying stock, fertilizing, harvesting and potting tasks. They consider the experience and skills of their crews and the likelihood of delays occurring. (3)
  • Estimate attributes such as size, distance and weight. For example, managers in horticulture estimate the final heights of various species of trees, shrubs, flowers and plants. They consider growth to date, average growth for the species, soil nutrients and current growing conditions. (3)
  • Estimate sales volumes for upcoming seasons. For example, managers in horticulture consider sales trends in previous seasons, the strength of local economies and the general business climate to predict sales volumes which may be achievable. (3)
Back to Top

Job Task Planning and Organizing
  • Managers in horticulture plan and organize job tasks to ensure the quality of their products, satisfy the needs of their many retail and wholesale customers and enhance profitability. Their ability to manage priorities, schedule their own activities and coordinate them with those of others is critical to their success. Changes in weather conditions, shortages of labour and materials, customers' complaints and other unforeseen circumstances force them to frequently reorganize job tasks. Managers in horticulture plan, organize, direct and control the operations of nurseries and greenhouses. They are responsible for assigning tasks to greenhouse and nursery workers. (4)
Back to Top

Decision Making
  • Assign workers to job tasks. For example, managers in horticulture assign workers to duties in different departments and product lines. They consider workers' availabilities and horticultural training, knowledge and experience. (2)
  • Select suppliers for nursery and greenhouse materials and equipment. For example, managers in horticulture select suppliers for materials such as plant bulbs, seeds and cuttings, pesticides and fertilizers. They take into account factors such as the quality, specifications, prices and promised delivery dates of materials. (2)
  • Select methods to grow and market flowers and nursery crops. For example, managers in horticulture decide to grow seedlings in cold frames rather than in open fields. They establish the environmental conditions of the greenhouses, growth chambers and light rooms and select methods for crop production, irrigation, growth regulation, nutrition and postharvest care. They select promotional tools such as leaflets, brochures, catalogues, websites and newspaper and newsletter articles to increase the visibility of their nurseries and greenhouses. (3)
  • Select flowers and nursery crops to grow and market. Consider sales trends in previous seasons, retail market demands, anticipated economic conditions and your ability to successfully grow and market specific species. (3)
Back to Top

Problem Solving
  • Encounter bad weather which prevents nursery and greenhouse operations from proceeding as planned. For example, managers in horticulture are sometimes unable to proceed with planting and harvesting operations due to heavy rainfalls and strong winds. They then make schedule changes for their crews. (1)
  • Find that products received from suppliers are of inferior quality and damaged. For example, managers in horticulture receive plants whose tissue is weakened. Because of the increased risks of losing the plants, they seek price reductions and refunds from suppliers. (2)
  • Face staffing shortages on particular days. Contact casual and on-call employees to check their availabilities. If enough replacement workers cannot be found, revise the schedule and work later than originally planned. Reschedule any remaining work as required. (2)
  • Find that customers' orders have not been picked and shipped properly. For example, receive complaints from customers who are angry because the wrong plants have been included in shipments. Locate the requested plants and arrange for the fastest possible deliveries. (2)
  • Find that some workers fail to follow rules and to perform as expected. For example, managers in horticulture find that some workers do not follow suggested procedures for insect, disease and weed control. They meet the concerned workers to discuss the underlying reasons for substandard work and remind them of employment requirements. (3)
Back to Top

Finding Information
  • Find information about customers. For example, find information on customers' needs, preferences and budgets by interviewing them. Find information on customers' orders by searching files and databases. (2)
  • Find information about new methods, procedures, technologies, products and services for crop production, insect, disease, weed and growth control, nutrition and postharvest care. For example, managers in horticulture find information on new technologies for temperature regulation, irrigation, glazing and energy conservation by consulting colleagues and suppliers and searching trade magazines, online publications and suppliers' brochures and websites. (3)
Back to Top

Critical Thinking
  • Evaluate the suitability of flora for particular situations and locations. Take into consideration factors such as the terrain, soil conditions, sun exposures and customers' preferences and budgets. (2)
  • Assess the health of trees, shrubs, flowers and plants. For example, managers in horticulture assess the health of trees. They complete visual examinations, analyse foliages and consider factors such as the shape of the trees and the presence of discoloured, peeling, splitting or cracking bark or stunted growth. They also check coloured pictures of trees infected with varied types of diseases and take into account the characteristic appearance of these diseases at various stages in their life cycles. (3)
  • Evaluate the performance of greenhouse and nursery workers. As part of these assessments, observe workers as they carry out job tasks. Verify that all requested tasks have been completed, designated materials and equipment have been used and schedules, regulations and procedures have been respected. (3)
  • Assess the suitability of candidates applying for seasonal jobs in nurseries and greenhouses. Review résumés to identify relevant work histories and educational achievements, interview potential candidates and analyse qualifications. (3)
  • Evaluate the suitability of fertilizers, fungicides, herbicides, insecticides and other chemicals. For example, managers in horticulture evaluate the suitability of pesticides. They identify criteria such as ease of use, safety and cost. They review information about ingredients, health hazards, handling, storage, disposal and other characteristics of chemical products in material safety data sheets. They are responsible if their crews use the wrong products and cause environmental damage. (3)
Back to Top

footer