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NOC Code: NOC Code: 0823 Occupation: Managers in aquaculture
Occupation Description: Occupation Description:
Managers in aquaculture manage operations of facilities which cultivate and harvest fish, shellfish or marine plants for replenishment of wildlife stocks or for commercial sale. They are employed by public or private fish hatcheries and commercial aquatic farms, or they may be self-employed. Managers in aquaculture manage operations of facilities which cultivate and harvest fish, shellfish or marine plants for replenishment of wildlife stocks or for commercial sale. They are employed by public or private fish hatcheries and commercial aquatic farms, or they may be self-employed.

  • Click on any of the Essential Skills to view sample workplace tasks for this occupation.
  • Scroll down the page to get information on career planning, education and training, and employment and volunteer opportunities.

Table will display the Skill Level for the Noc specified
Essential Skills Essential Skills Levels
Reading Reading 1 2 3 4
Writing Writing 1 2 3 4
Document Use Document Use 1 2 3
Digital Technology Digital Technology 1 2 3
Oral Communication Oral Communication 1 2 3 4
Money Math Money Math 1 2 3
Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting 1 2 3 4
Measurement and Calculation Measurement and Calculation 1 2
Data Analysis Data Analysis 1 2 3
Numerical Estimation Numerical Estimation 1 2
Job Task Planning and Organizing Job Task Planning and Organizing 1 2 3
Decision Making Decision Making 1 2 3
Problem Solving Problem Solving 1 2 3
Finding Information Finding Information 1 2 3
Critical Thinking Critical Thinking 1 2 3


  • The skill levels represented in the above chart illustrate the full range of sample tasks performed by experienced workers and not individuals preparing for or entering this occupation for the first time.
  • Note that some occupational profiles do not include all Numeracy and Thinking Essential Skills.

If you would like to print a copy of the chart and sample tasks, click on the "Print Occupational Profile" button at the top of the page.


Reading
  • Read email from co-workers or colleagues. For example, read email from biologists describing unusual oxygen level readings or email from head offices about workplace safety issues such as the importance of wearing life jackets while working at farm sites. (2)
  • Read preventative and first aid measures in the Material Safety Data Sheets for chemicals such as cleaners and disinfectant sprays. (2)
  • Read operating manuals when repairing or installing parts of a machine such as a pump that failed following a power outage. (3)
  • Read variety of trade publications such as Atlantic Fish Farming, Aquaculture and Fish Farming International, and fish culture manuals. Read to learn about industry trends, aquaculture research findings, and new products and procedures that could apply to the setting. For example, managers of mussel farms may read about new mussel farming technologies used in other countries to consider if these new methods can be implemented in their locations. (3)
  • Read government regulations and policies to ensure that the farm's operations and procedures meet standards. For example, read national aquaculture legislation to get information on a number of topics including the export or import of live fish; restrictions on the use of feed, chemicals and veterinary drugs; authorization system to engage in and set up an aquaculture facility; water quality and discharge of wastewater, and measures related to food safety. (3)
  • Read lengthy engineering study reports to understand the design and construction needs of aquaculture production facilities. For example, an aquaculture manager may review an engineering study to learn about recommended water control measures, predator control requirements, inventory of equipment to be purchased and escape prevention measures. (4)
  • Scan research reports to find new information relevant to your own practice. For example, managers in aquaculture facing specific problems such as high mortality rates or low growth rates might read research articles published in scientific journals to find out about new procedures to resolve these problems. (4)
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Writing
  • Write notes in log books to report any fish behaviours that might be of concern, describe repairs that were done and activities that need to be completed. (1)
  • Write email to co-workers, colleagues, suppliers and community groups. For example, ask other operators for advice on how to deal with flatworm infestation or accept invitations to speak at community group luncheons. (2)
  • Write guidelines to standardize farm operations. For example, write detailed and simple instructions of a page or more for staff on how to operate the aquaculture equipment. (2)
  • Write a short text to inform and express opinions on issues related to the aquaculture farm operation. For example, write a document of one to several pages to describe and inform superiors of potential environmental issues and recommend proposed action plans. (3)
  • Write proposals to government agencies to request research funding or seek approval to set up new farms. For example, the proposal may include the purpose, the design, the activities and budget requirements of the research project, and potential benefit to industry. (3)
  • Write technical and research reports. For example, publish research findings for an audience of colleagues and aquaculture industry professionals about topics such as the effect of winter food deprivation on the growth and the sexual maturity of Atlantic salmon in seawater. (4)
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Document Use
  • Record data on data collection forms and activity logs. For example, record information such as fish weight, feed amounts, times of feedings and oxygen levels. (1)
  • Use a variety of images to monitor fish and equipment, and detect potential problems. For example, examine photographs and videos taken with underwater cameras to check if nets need to be repaired and to observe fish behaviour. Interpret ultrasound images of fish to determine when to collect ova and semen. (2)
  • Complete questionnaires and surveys for government authorities collecting statistical data. For example, report on aspects of the farm such as existing infrastructure, current water treatment systems, type of feed and fish health. (2)
  • Use assembly diagrams to install or repair equipment. For example, a fish farm operator may install a new conveyer belt with a pressure wash system by following the sequence in an assembly drawing. (2)
  • Locate data on several forms with multiple tables. For example, a fish operator may read tables of recorded temperatures and data such as mortality, feeding and growth rates to determine if lowering the temperature of the holding tank has helped to increase the feeding behaviour of fish. (3)
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Digital Technology
  • Use bookkeeping, billing and accounting software. For example, use specialized accounting software to record financial information. (2)
  • Enter or extract information from databases to monitor feed inventories, water quality and fish stocks. (2)
  • Sort and save email in appropriate folders and send out messages using distribution lists and personal mailing lists. Attach documents. (2)
  • Enter data in existing spreadsheet templates to record daily feed amounts as well as mortality and growth rates. Enter financial information to keep track of expenditures. (2)
  • Use computer and software applications. For example, use specialized software to distribute and monitor daily feed. Use computer-operated machinery such as the Akva Doppler and camera systems to monitor underwater fish activity and ultrasound equipment to locate eggs and sperm in brood stock. (2)
  • Navigate the Internet to locate information in online journals and articles to find out emerging trends in the aquaculture industry. Search the Internet to locate other fish farming enterprises around the world to find out about best practices and also identify new and innovative technology and products. (2)
  • Use graphics software. For example, use software such as PowerPoint to create presentations for industry association meetings and training seminars. Insert tables, charts, video clips and diagrams into the presentation to make them effective. Use page layout software such as Publisher to create internal publications, importing pictures and icons to create attractive layouts. (3)
  • Use word processing. For example, format short letters and memos to government agencies, suppliers and co-workers. Create longer documents such as research reports or funding proposals with tables of contents, footnotes, bibliographies and appendices. (3)
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Oral Communication
  • Participate in regular group or one-on-one meetings with junior staff and co-workers to coordinate work, identify solutions for operational problems and to discuss security and staffing. (2)
  • Interact with service providers and suppliers to order supplies, follow up on missing orders, request services, obtain technical information and find out how to make mechanical repairs. (2)
  • Discuss research findings with junior staff, co-workers and peers. For example, discuss potential treatments to eradicate parasites and innovative techniques for parasite control with staff to identify the best courses of actions. (3)
  • Exchange information with government representatives. Discuss industry concerns and lobby for changes to existing legislation and regulations. In some cases, represent the aquaculture industry on government missions to other countries to compare operations and learn how other countries have tackled environmental issues. (3)
  • Exchange information with clients to determine their needs, respond to complaints about deliveries and resolve invoicing issues. (3)
  • Make presentations on a wide range of aquaculture issues to small and large groups. For example, make presentations to municipal councils to obtain applications for new farm operations, or to community residents to address environmental concerns and highlight benefits. Make presentations on environmental issues to university classes or deliver presentations on research findings to conference participants. (4)
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Money Math
  • Purchase supplies and equipment using cash and credit cards. (1)
  • Calculate invoice amounts. For example, prepare invoices by multiplying the price per kilogram by the total weights of deliveries and then calculate sales taxes. (3)
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Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting
  • Set fish feeding schedules. For example, develop production plans that schedule times and amounts of feedings from spawning to harvesting. (2)
  • Schedule the tasks of regular staff and calculate the number of extra seasonal people to hire for harvest. Activities are delegated to staff on a daily, weekly and monthly basis, based on the production cycle. (2)
  • Establish and monitor budgets. Monitor monthly financial results to determine if operational expenses are within budgeted amounts. If required, make adjustments such as postponing planned equipment purchases. (3)
  • Prepare annual budgets. Identify details of production costs, including fixed and total costs, total cash returns, resource requirements and capital investments. Use the information to project cash flow and project revenue. (4)
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Measurement and Calculation
  • Measure and weigh fish and other aquaculture products. (1)
  • Calculate the amount of food required by populations of fish. Use feeding rates that depend on factors such as fish size, fish weight and life stage. (2)
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Data Analysis
  • Compare the fish growth rate with average growth rates presented in industry charts to see if anticipated time to maturity or size at delivery date is as expected. (1)
  • Analyze research findings published by universities, government funded organizations, government agencies or your own research to develop best management or operational practices. For example, adopt proposed measures that reduce pollution such as selecting feeding regimes to reduce the amount of waste produced. (3)
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Numerical Estimation
  • Estimate the time required for fish to achieve full maturity. Take into consideration a variety of data such as water temperature and amount of food they have been consuming. (2)
  • Estimate amounts of food that will be needed to nourish fish during the growth cycle using the number and size of fish in ponds and holding tanks. Estimation errors have significant consequences on financial results. (2)
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Job Task Planning and Organizing
  • Managers in aquaculture may work in small or large organizations. They plan their own activities on a daily, weekly and monthly basis. They establish work schedules of all staff to optimize production. They establish a sequence of activities to meet the requirements of the production cycle. They design integrated work plans to allow them to control and monitor the human and financial resources of fish farm operations. They modify existing processes to deal with unexpected production issues. They establish priorities that are aligned with the goals and objectives of the farm operations. Managers in aquaculture plan and coordinate the work of their employees. They plan the work of their staff and the use of material resources to optimize the financial success of their operations. They develop, implement and monitor day-to-day work activities. They delegate activities and tasks to others to meet operational needs, and monitor the quality of the work they perform. They are involved in establishing the short and long term goals of the organization. (3)
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Decision Making
  • Decide to renew contracts with suppliers. Consider the ability of suppliers to provide high quality products, deliver the requested quantities and past performance. (2)
  • Make decisions about staff and work assignments. Identify human resource needs, assign tasks to staff, allocate training resources and make hiring decisions. (2)
  • Decide to implement new processes and techniques to increase production. For example, decide to adopt new innovative techniques based on limited available information considering a number of factors, such as cost of adopting new techniques and resulting quality of product and expected financial results. For example, decide to use new harvesting procedures such as attaching scallop shells to down lines instead of placing them in nets. (3)
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Problem Solving
  • Client orders cannot be filled as requested. For example, the inventory may not have the number of fish in the sizes requested by clients. Offer a different product at a reduced rate as appropriate. (2)
  • Handle breakdowns of essential equipment and malfunctions in critical systems such as filtration systems. Make repairs immediately to minimize disruptions and prevent high mortality rates. (2)
  • Predators have invaded production areas. For example, discover that wild fish have invaded salmon pens. Transfer the salmon to other pens and immediately remove the wild species from the affected areas. (2)
  • Employees will be off work for extended leave or there are not enough workers on duty to complete orders. Reassign employees to ensure that operations are not disrupted and contact employees off duty to work overtime shifts. (2)
  • Manage infestation by parasites and viruses in fish populations. For example, an aquaculture operator may discover that a virus is killing fish. If the virus is untreatable with antibiotics, the operator will order the extermination of all fish in the affected ponds to prevent the spread of diseases, send samples of the fish to pathology departments for analysis and disinfect the ponds thoroughly before restocking them. (3)
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Finding Information
  • Locate and analyse information from legislation and regulations from various government levels to establish sound operational practices. (2)
  • Find possible solutions to problems by reading newsletters, government and industry websites, scientific research and talking to industry specialists. (3)
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Critical Thinking
  • Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of various types of feed. For example, assess the benefits of changing the type of fish food. Consider the cost of the products, the effect of the new feed on fish growth rates and reductions to waste and environmental damage. (2)
  • Evaluate the health of farm stock to determine if feeding schedules and nutrient quantities are optimal. Conduct visual assessments to locate physical evidence that might suggest potential health problems. (2)
  • Evaluate the impact of increasing production. For example, establish a human resource plan to ensure there are enough staff to support the additional activities and review the current machinery and equipment to determine if it will meet the new demands. (2)
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of cultivation procedures by analyzing operational data such as quality and quantity of product. For example, consider water temperature, the time period allocated for the growth to maturity, and the location of the seeds. (2)
  • Analyze information from research data to find solutions to specific problems. For example, use the information to select new techniques that will help achieve operational goals such as optimization of production and decrease of the mortality rate. (3)
  • Evaluate farm operations to optimize financial outcome and sustainable use of the available resources. For example, understand and integrate provincial and national management plans to resolve problems that result from trying to balance the farming of sea fish in cages with the demands of tourism or fishing. (3)
  • Assess the financial risk of transporting fish from one area to another by evaluating distance to be travelled, the time when the fish must be fed and temperature. For example, use judgment and past experiences to estimate if the conditions are likely to impact survival rate to decide whether or not to complete the sale. (3)
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