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NOC Code: NOC Code: 2122 Occupation: Forestry Professionals
Occupation Description: Occupation Description:
Forestry professionals conduct research, develop plans and administer and direct programs related to the management and harvesting of forest resources. They are employed by the forest industry, provincial and federal governments, consulting companies, educational institutions and other industries, or they may be self-employed. Forestry professionals conduct research, develop plans and administer and direct programs related to the management and harvesting of forest resources. They are employed by the forest industry, provincial and federal governments, consulting companies, educational institutions and other industries, or they may be self-employed.

  • Click on any of the Essential Skills to view sample workplace tasks for this occupation.
  • Skill levels are assigned to tasks: Level 1 tasks are the least complex and level 4 or 5 tasks (depending upon the specific skill) are the most complex. Skill levels are associated with workplace tasks and not the workers performing these tasks.
  • Scroll down the page to get information on career planning, education and training, and employment and volunteer opportunities.

Table will display the Skill Level for the Noc specified
Essential Skills Essential Skills Levels
Reading Text Reading Text 1 2 3 4
Writing Writing 1 2 3 4
Document Use Document Use 1 2 3
Computer Use Computer Use 1 2 3
Oral Communication Oral Communication 1 2 3
Money Math Money Math 1 2 3
Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting 1 2 3
Measurement and Calculation Measurement and Calculation 1 2 3
Data Analysis Data Analysis 1 2 3
Numerical Estimation Numerical Estimation 1 2
Job Task Planning and Organizing Job Task Planning and Organizing 1 2 3
Decision Making Decision Making 1 2
Problem Solving Problem Solving 1 2 3 4
Finding Information Finding Information 1 2 3
Critical Thinking Critical Thinking 1 2 3


  • The skill levels represented in the above chart illustrate the full range of sample tasks performed by experienced workers and not individuals preparing for or entering this occupation for the first time.
  • Note that some occupational profiles do not include all Numeracy and Thinking Essential Skills.

If you would like to print a copy of the chart and sample tasks, click on the "Print Occupational Profile" button at the top of the page.


Reading Text
  • Read short text passages on product and equipment labels. For example, urban foresters read planting instructions on the labels of exotic tree stock they are asked to plant. (1)
  • Read short text entries in field notebooks and forms. For example, operations foresters read about insect infestations in research foresters' and forest pest control workers' field notes. Consulting foresters read sections of applications for permits to log crown lands. (2)
  • Read email messages and memos. For example, consulting foresters read email messages about new forest management practices from professional forestry associations. Forest engineers read memos in which their supervisors outline changes to harvesting practices, wood product prices and legislative controls. (2)
  • Read articles in newspapers and in newsletters and bulletins from forest stewardship organizations. For example, operations foresters read editorials about demand variations in wood markets. Inventory foresters read articles in monthly newsletters distributed by the National Forest Inventory to learn about the preservation of indigenous tree species in Canada. (2)
  • Read reports. For example, operations foresters read other foresters' timber cruise reports to learn about cut blocks and the types and numbers of trees within them. Project foresters read research reports about tree pests such as the mountain pine beetle in order to understand the long-term negative effects of infestations upon valuable timber stands. (3)
  • Read contracts and service agreements. For example, project foresters who oversee logging projects read contracts between landowners and logging contractors to identify work that must be performed, timelines for completion and the responsibilities of both parties. (3)
  • Read articles in journals to maintain and augment knowledge of forest management, logging techniques and forest research initiatives. For example, research foresters read articles in the Canadian Journal of Forestry which describe national research projects. Consulting foresters read articles in The Forestry Chronicle to learn about forestry management techniques and general information about types of measurement equipment available to them. (3)
  • Read policy and procedures manuals. For example, at the start of new harvesting projects, district foresters read provincial forestry policy manuals and logging companies' procedural manuals to understand specific practices which contractors must follow. (3)
  • Read provincial and federal Acts and a variety of regulations to ensure work is compliant. For example, project foresters read the Forestry Act to learn about logging restrictions on crown lands. Consulting foresters read Forest Renewal Program regulations to ensure their management services are eligible expenses. (4)
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Writing
  • Write short text entries in forms. For example, project foresters write short text entries in crown lands logging application forms. They write comments and observations into field notebooks when visiting plantations and cut blocks. (2)
  • Write email messages to co-workers, supervisors, forestry contractors and customers. For example, write email messages to logging and trucking contractors to request pricing information. (2)
  • Write letters. For example, write letters to government officials and landowners to request logging authorizations. Refer to existing contracts and agreements. (3)
  • Write reports. For example, district foresters write research reports to describe research into the treatment and prevention of tree pests such as the mountain pine beetle. In these reports, they describe research methodologies and present findings. They may offer appraisals of current timber salvage methods and make recommendations for chemical and biological controls to prevent further losses. (3)
  • Write plantation and forest management plans. For example, consulting foresters write comprehensive forest management plans which present findings of initial forest assessments, describe current forest management practices and recommend options for future development. In these plans, they present data on current forest product markets, recommend management practices and project future revenue. (4)
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Document Use
  • Locate data in schedules and tables. For example, scan project schedules to identify target dates for logging and reforestation contractors and to learn about tasks that have not yet been completed. Consult staff lists which list co-workers in the organization. Scan lists of forestry contractors to locate names and areas of expertise and responsibility. (2)
  • Obtain data from photographs and other images. For example, scan aerial photos and satellite images to locate geographical features and to obtain global positioning coordinates. (2)
  • Enter data into forms. For example, complete forms such as Crown Land Tenure applications by ticking boxes to indicate requested times of land occupation, writing brief land descriptions and providing explanations of the employers' interest in using crown lands. (2)
  • Locate data in completed forms. For example, scan field cards to review past observations of cut blocks and to locate global positioning coordinates and elevations recorded during timber cruises. (2)
  • Locate data in lists. For example, refer to lists of logging contractors working on forest harvesting projects to obtain contractors' names and contact information. (2)
  • Locate and interpret data in graphs and charts. For example, forestry superintendents scan graphs which illustrate future prices for wood and forest product commodities in various regions, countries and international trading zones. Project foresters interpret bar graphs in timber cruise reports to identify numbers of tree species in cut blocks and plantation areas, numbers of trees of each species, ranges of tree diameters and heights and numbers of dead and decaying trees. (3)
  • Interpret and locate dimensions in scale drawings. For example, interpret data in detailed topographical maps of plantations to determine lengths, widths and locations of access roads. Superimpose new access roads on maps as required. (3)
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Computer Use
  • Use financial software. For example, self-employed forestry consultants use accounting software such as Simply Accounting to process invoices for their service and manage business expenditures, payroll and taxes. (2)
  • Use statistical analysis software. For example, research foresters use functions of statistical analysis programs such as SAS to determine growth trends. They analyze numbers of trees, species, quality, and volumes in cut blocks and compare them to cut blocks in other locations. (2)
  • Use browsers such as Internet Explorer to locate information about forestry practices in other provinces, regions and countries. Enter keywords and industry terminology into search engines and select links to appropriate websites. (2)
  • Use database software. For example, project foresters enter forest harvesting data into project management databases. They track and record the numbers of trees harvested and enter notes about the quality of trees. (2)
  • Use spreadsheet software. For example, forestry superintendents create spreadsheets to collect and analyze forestry data. Project foresters create spreadsheets to record the numbers, types, diameters and lengths of trees harvested. (2)
  • Use communications software. For example, use email programs such as Outlook to send email messages to workers and contractors involved in forestry harvesting projects. Attach relevant project documents and apply urgent status remarks to outgoing messages. (3)
  • Use computer and software applications. For example, foresters use geographic information system data and digital imaging and mapping software such as ArcView to create detailed forest maps by superimposing scale measurements on aerial photographs of forests and woodlands. (3)
  • Use word processing software. For example, write comprehensive forest management plans and harvesting reports using headings, tables of contents and other document formatting functions. (3)
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Oral Communication
  • Discuss forestry operations with supervisors, managers and customers. For example, ask supervisors and managers for directions, instructions and details of forestry harvesting and plantation management projects. Discuss remedies for budget shortfalls and missed deadlines with customers. (2)
  • Discuss ongoing work with co-workers. For example, talk to silviculture workers and seedling planters to learn about their progress. Ask logging crew bosses about expected completion dates and inquire about working conditions. (2)
  • Negotiate terms and conditions with suppliers and subcontractors. For example, discuss prices for log hauling with trucking contractors. Negotiate prices according to the types of haulage required. (2)
  • Discuss technical aspects of forestry work with co-workers and colleagues. For example, research foresters talk to wildlife specialists to understand the impacts of logging operations on local wildlife. Forestry superintendents ask mill owners for their opinions on logging and processing operations. Project foresters provide their supervisors with professional opinions and persuasive recommendations for proceeding with logging and reforesting projects. (3)
  • Give presentations on forestry topics at public meetings. For example, district foresters present details of logging projects to members of communities during town meetings. They describe projects' timelines, advantages for local businesses and policies and procedures they will use to address environmental concerns. (3)
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Money Math
  • Calculate and verify invoice amounts. For example, self-employed forestry consultants calculate amounts on invoices for their services. They calculate charges for professional services at hourly and per diem rates. They add amounts for equipment rentals, supplies and other expenses. They calculate taxes, surcharges and discounts. Project foresters may verify charges from helicopter logging companies and aerial photography contractors before approving invoices for payment. (3)
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Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting
  • Create schedules for forestry projects. For example, consulting and district foresters create schedules for large forest harvesting and planting projects. They propose timelines for publishing tenders, hiring forestry contractors, developing infrastructure, surveying cut blocks, logging them and planting seedlings. (3)
  • Develop financial proposals for forestry operations. For example, project foresters propose project budgets which detail costs and revenues for forest harvesting operations. They calculate costs for labour and subcontracting. They calculate yields and revenues for a range of commodity prices. (3)
  • Create, monitor and revise forestry project budgets. For example, consulting foresters create budgets for forestry projects. They monitor project budgets, identify trends and manage cash flows. Project foresters review regular project expenditure reports and balance sheets to ensure that they meet project budget constraints. (3)
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Measurement and Calculation
  • Measure physical properties using common measuring tools. For example, use measuring tapes to measure tree circumferences and to determine the lengths of fallen trees. (1)
  • Calculate distances using measurements of scale drawings and maps. For example, take measurements from maps and aerial photographs to determine the lengths, widths and locations of streams and access roads. (2)
  • Calculate areas of forestry plots. For example, analyze plantations into smaller sections and add these areas together to determine totals. (3)
  • Calculate quantities of materials. For example, calculate amounts of materials that must be moved for logging roads to be built on mountainsides. Calculate numbers of trees within plantations and proposed cut blocks during timber cruises. (3)
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Data Analysis
  • Collect data and develop statistics to describe forest plots. For example, project foresters calculate average numbers of trees per cut block using data derived from timber cruise reports. They record numbers of fallen and rotten trees within cut blocks and plantations to determine if tree waste will exceed harvesting standards. (3)
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Numerical Estimation
  • Estimate the amounts of time job tasks will take to complete. For example, estimate times for subcontractors to harvest cut blocks. Add extra time in cases of difficult terrain, bad weather and inexperienced crews. (2)
  • Estimate volumes of timber on forestry plots. For example, estimate timber volumes in harvesting cut blocks. Consider numbers, types and quality of trees. (2)
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Job Task Planning and Organizing
  • Forestry professionals set their own work priorities and plan their daily activities to maintain the timelines of forest management and research projects. They must manage their time effectively to produce high quality work on time and within approved budgets. Their work is often interrupted by unpredictable factors such as equipment malfunctions and bad weather. Forestry professionals must be capable of revising priorities and modifying job task plans to achieve results. Forestry professionals frequently plan and supervise job tasks for silviculture workers, logging crews and forest research workers. (3)
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Decision Making
  • Hire and fire workers and engage subcontractors. For example, operations foresters choose to hire additional silviculture workers to complete reforestation of cut blocks. Research foresters subcontract field work to forest research consultants. (2)
  • Choose methods and materials for forest management tasks. For example, consulting foresters choose to complete timber cruises from helicopters rather than walking through forest plots. Research foresters decide to use controlled forest fires to manage outbreaks of forest pests such as gypsy moths. (2)
  • Decide to submit proposals for logging, forest surveying and reforestation projects. For example, consulting foresters choose which opportunities suit their experiences, capacities and abilities. (2)
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Problem Solving
  • Find that logging, reforestation and forest research work has been completed incorrectly. For example, consulting foresters find that seedlings have been carelessly planted in cut blocks and will not prosper. They review logging contracts to determine numbers and species of trees which must be planted. They remind contractors of specifications for reforesting the cut blocks and increase monitoring of their work. (2)
  • Find that job tasks cannot be completed because of inclement weather and equipment malfunctions. For example, forestry superintendents find that timber cruises can't be completed because strong winds and heavy rains delay aerial observations of cut blocks. They adjust projects' schedules to move forward tasks such as building access roads and maintaining logging equipment. (2)
  • Encounter contractors and customers who do not abide by contracts and other agreements. For example, project foresters meet with private landowners who consistently attempt to alter logging contract terms and request additional harvesting work without any remuneration. They review the budgets of logging projects and explain to landowners that the terms of contracts preclude any additional demands. They negotiate with landowners to avoid losing contracts and to maintain professional integrity. (3)
  • Find that workers' inexperience hinders the scheduled completions of logging and forest research projects. For example, discover that newly hired foresters-in-training have little practical field knowledge and that summer research students do not have the experience necessary to collect field data efficiently. Offer instruction to inexperienced workers and ask more experienced foresters to demonstrate job tasks for them. (3)
  • Find that protests undertaken by concerned members of the public and environmental activist groups are preventing the completion of forestry harvesting projects. For example, operations foresters discover that protestors are blocking logging trucks and preventing logging equipment from reaching worksites. They attempt to reason with protesters and suggest that they undertake rational discussions away from logging operations. If protestors continue with blockades, forestry professionals may contact local authorities to physically remove protestors. (4)
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Finding Information
  • Find information about forest and woodlot management best practices. For example, project foresters discuss best practices with environmental consultants and land use planners. (2)
  • Find information about forest research and forestry projects. For example, research foresters review data from field cards, notes and reporting forms completed by summer students. (2)
  • Find information about forest plots and woodlots. For example, consulting foresters observe trees, soil, terrain, drainage and slopes during timber cruises. District foresters review aerial photos, topographical maps and land surveys to learn about the locations of timber stands and plantations. (3)
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Critical Thinking
  • Evaluate the quality of forestry work. For example, count numbers of trees planted in harvested areas, check distances between the seedlings and compare the data to terms of contracts and agreements. Ensure that buffer zones next to watercourses have not been harvested and that no environmental damage has occurred through careless harvesting practices. (3)
  • Evaluate the safety of work sites and work practices. For example, forestry superintendents walk through work sites to identify unsafe ground and observe weather-damaged trees with dangerous broken limbs and tops. Project foresters review forestry accident statistics to learn about dangerous forestry operations. They talk to colleagues such as forest rangers to learn about wildlife activity in plantations and cut blocks. Forestry professionals must protect themselves and other workers engaged in hazardous forestry work. (3)
  • Judge the suitability of equipment and forestry practices. For example, project foresters review equipment brochures, talk to salespeople and discuss performance with experienced colleagues to determine if equipment suits their projects. Forestry consultants read articles about current forest management trends and review their past work to determine appropriate courses of action. Forestry professionals need strong opinions about suitability to make sound business decisions and to give good recommendations to clients. (3)
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