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NOC Code: NOC Code: 2211 Occupation: Chemical Technologists and Technicians
Occupation Description: Occupation Description:
Chemical technologists and technicians provide technical support and services or may work independently in chemical engineering, chemical and biochemical research and analysis, industrial chemistry, chemical quality control and environmental protection. They are employed by research and development and quality control laboratories, consulting engineering companies, in chemical, petrochemical, pharmaceutical and a variety of other manufacturing and processing industries, and by utilities, health, education and government establishments. Chemical technologists and technicians provide technical support and services or may work independently in chemical engineering, chemical and biochemical research and analysis, industrial chemistry, chemical quality control and environmental protection. They are employed by research and development and quality control laboratories, consulting engineering companies, in chemical, petrochemical, pharmaceutical and a variety of other manufacturing and processing industries, and by utilities, health, education and government establishments.

  • Click on any of the Essential Skills to view sample workplace tasks for this occupation.
  • Skill levels are assigned to tasks: Level 1 tasks are the least complex and level 4 or 5 tasks (depending upon the specific skill) are the most complex. Skill levels are associated with workplace tasks and not the workers performing these tasks.
  • Scroll down the page to get information on career planning, education and training, and employment and volunteer opportunities.

Table will display the Skill Level for the Noc specified
Essential Skills Essential Skills Levels
Reading Text Reading Text 1 2 3 4 5
Writing Writing 1 2 3 4
Document Use Document Use 1 2 3 4
Computer Use Computer Use 1 2 3
Oral Communication Oral Communication 1 2 3
Money Math Money Math 1 2
Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting 1 2 3
Measurement and Calculation Measurement and Calculation 1 2 3
Data Analysis Data Analysis 1 2 3 4
Numerical Estimation Numerical Estimation 1 2
Job Task Planning and Organizing Job Task Planning and Organizing 1 2
Decision Making Decision Making 1
Problem Solving Problem Solving 1 2
Finding Information Finding Information 1 2 3
Critical Thinking Critical Thinking 1 2 3 4


  • The skill levels represented in the above chart illustrate the full range of sample tasks performed by experienced workers and not individuals preparing for or entering this occupation for the first time.
  • Note that some occupational profiles do not include all Numeracy and Thinking Essential Skills.

If you would like to print a copy of the chart and sample tasks, click on the "Print Occupational Profile" button at the top of the page.


Reading Text
  • Read memos from supervisors and suppliers. For example, chemical analysis specialists read memos which outline procedures for conducting specific chemical analyses and tests and introduce changes to safety, health and environmental policies and procedures. They read memos from suppliers which describe new products' characteristics, uses and availabilities. (2)
  • Read email from co-workers, clients and supervisors. For example, chemical technologists may read co-workers' comments and questions about samples submitted for processing. They may read clients' enquiries about the results of air quality tests. They read their supervisors' responses to queries about new procedures, procedure modifications, training opportunities and computer malfunctions. (2)
  • Read comments and instructions in work orders and work request forms. For example, chemical process quality control technicians may read comments in work orders to determine the reasons for analytical tests and brief instructions for conducting assays. (2)
  • Read product use and precautionary statements on product labels and in material safety data sheets. For example, read safe handling procedures, instructions for use and first aid treatments on the labels of chemical solutions. Read more extensive handling and storage instructions in material safety data sheets. (2)
  • Read equipment and policy and procedure manuals. For example, read manuals to identify maintenance and repair procedures for equipment such as sterilizers, analytical balances and chromatographs. Read the organization's policy and procedure manuals to understand and follow procedures such as those for reporting nonconformance. (3)
  • Read standard operating procedures, chemical analysis procedures and standards manuals. For example, chemical technicians read detailed procedures for setting up and cleaning equipment and preparing standard solutions. Petrochemical technologists read detailed technical guidelines which describe the scope and application for various analytic procedures, identify the equipment, reagents and standards to be used and outline methods of sample collection, preservation and handling. Quality control technicians read standards manuals to learn about the procedures for establishing quality controls, maintaining them and troubleshooting problems encountered when test samples do not meet specification standards. (4)
  • Read research and analysis reports and journal articles. For example, pulp and paper technical specialists may read analysis reports on chemical products to determine whether the chemicals could be used to improve fibre quality and performance. Municipal wastewater technicians may read articles in the American Water Works Association technical magazines and journals to learn about new techniques and equipment for treating wastewater effluents. Chemical technologists in the food processing industry may read refereed articles in the Journal of Food Microbiology to learn about new developments in food science and new analysis and testing methods for detecting salmonella in food products. (5)
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Writing
  • Write reminder notes about matters such as tasks to be completed and new test procedures. (1)
  • Write email to co-workers and clients. For example, write messages to supervisors to ask about new chemical testing and analysis procedures, explain problems, inform them of nonconforming data results and provide updates on progress. Write email to respond to clients' inquiries about chemical analyses. (2)
  • Write short text entries for logbooks and entry forms. For example, record observations of samples, unusual analysis results, stages of extraction, task completion times, notes on malfunctioning equipment and items requiring follow up in personal logbooks. Write comments in laboratory logbooks indicating the status of tests, instruments and sample preparations. Enter brief notes on analysis and test summary forms to explain unusual results and report observations. (2)
  • Write and revise procedures. For example, write procedures for operating, cleaning and maintaining new equipment. Revise procedures for conducting chemical analyses and preparing samples by modifying existing procedures. (3)
  • Write activity summaries, literature reviews and reports. For example, research technologists may summarize reviews of literature and make recommendations for new equipment and software purchases. Water quality technicians write nonconformance reports when test and analysis results fail to meet specifications and standards. They describe the nonconformance encountered and outline corrective actions. They may justify the acceptance of test results and outline the reasons for variations. Environmental laboratory technicians write validation reports to describe deviations from protocol methods, changes to procedures and details of difficulties encountered during the analysis of samples. (4)
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Document Use
  • Observe warning and other signs. For example, observe signs for eyewash stations, first aid kits and emergency exits. Identify hazard symbols on warning signs and labels. (1)
  • Locate data in lists and tables. For example, locate the names of chemical products and quantities in analysis procedure and inventory lists. Locate product numbers and specifications in catalogues. Locate sample identification numbers in quantitation reports and results summaries. Follow checklists when handling chemicals, cleaning instruments and preparing samples for analysis. Use specification tables to determine dilution rates, instrument control settings and values important to chemical analysis and testing. Identify retention times, solution volumes and concentration levels in standards tables. (2)
  • Locate data in forms. For example, review sample information and submission forms for data such as project numbers, submission dates and analyses requested. Quality control technicians scan batch sample identification forms for product names, formulation dates, formulae codes, standard yields and production details. (2)
  • Enter data into tables. For example, chemical technologists who work in industrial settings record air quality test results such as temperatures, times, dry and wet weights in tables in data collection tables. Food processing technologists may record retention times, concentration levels and types of diluting solvents in summary tables for pesticide residues identified in animal and plant products. (2)
  • Interpret assembly drawings. For example, examine assembly drawings to locate parts and follow correct assembly and disassembly sequences when cleaning, repairing and performing maintenance work on instruments such as plasma mass spectrometers. (2)
  • Locate data on product labels. For example, quality control technicians validate information on sample labels to ensure client identification numbers and log in numbers match those on sample submission forms. (2)
  • Enter data into a variety of forms. For example, record product numbers and quantities required in supply order and requisition forms. Enter client names, addresses and contact details in courier waybills. Pulp and paper technical specialists enter sample identification numbers, temperatures and observations of effluent treatments into laboratory logbooks. Water quality technicians record conductivity values, analysis results and sequencing data on tracking forms and results sheets. Research technologists complete reanalysis approval forms and indicate the reasons for resubmission of samples for further testing and analysis. (3)
  • Interpret schematic drawings. For example, study flow charts to determine how projects are scheduled and sequenced. Review decision tree schematics in standard operating procedures when trying to determine the causes of errors and suggested corrective actions. Review electrical, electronic, hydraulic and other schematics when investigating equipment malfunctions. (3)
  • Locate data and identify trends in graphs. For example, food inspection technologists may view pesticide levels present in samples in chromatograms. Research technologists identify quantities and volumes of ions at timed intervals on mass spectrum graphs when determining chemical compounds and concentrations. (4)
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Computer Use
  • Use other computer and software applications. For example, enter control settings for various pieces of computer-controlled equipment such as autosamplers, inductivity coupled plasma mass spectrometers and liquid chromatography instruments. (2)
  • Use Internet. For example, search for products, suppliers and equipment. Access bookmarked sites to locate material safety data sheets and equipment manuals and to arrange courier service. (2)
  • Use communications software. For example, exchange email messages and attachments with co-workers and suppliers. Use calendar functions to manage analysis schedules. (2)
  • Use spreadsheets. For example, create spreadsheets to organize and analyze measurement and test data for chemical analyses. (2)
  • Use word processing. For example, use basic text formatting, page layout and editing features to write procedures and reports. (2)
  • Use databases. For example, enter clients' identification numbers, analysis specifications and results into the organization's databases. Run queries to obtain clients' codes, to source sample listings and to retrieve data such as the physical properties of samples. Build analysis schedules by creating a sequence of samples with multiple identifiers and adding keyword strings. (3)
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Oral Communication
  • Discuss ongoing work with co-workers and suppliers. For example, discuss tasks such as the preparation of samples for analysis and the use of shared equipment with co-workers. At safety meetings, review and discuss chemical hazards and safety procedures for working with new chemicals. Confirm work assignments and task completions with supervisors. Place product orders with suppliers and discuss product deficiencies. Request assistance from suppliers when troubleshooting equipment malfunctions. (2)
  • Discuss ongoing work with co-workers and suppliers. For example, discuss tasks such as the preparation of samples for analysis and the use of shared equipment with co-workers. At safety meetings, review and discuss chemical hazards and safety procedures for working with new chemicals. Confirm work assignments and task completions with supervisors. Place product orders with suppliers and discuss product deficiencies. Request assistance from suppliers when troubleshooting equipment malfunctions. (2)
  • Discuss technical and scientific matters with co-workers, colleagues and clients. For example, technologists discuss procedures for calibrating flow meters with technicians and verify that analysis and validation procedures were followed and analyses were conducted according to standard operating procedures. They discuss methods and protocols for new analysis procedures, test anomalies and next steps with their supervisors. They may discuss potential causes of nonconforming laboratory results with colleagues. They may review analysis results and validation procedures with clients and explain deficiencies and the solutions required to address them. (3)
  • Discuss job assignments and other matters with supervisors and managers. For example, receive information on roles for upcoming projects from supervisors. Offer suggestions for improvements to current work processes and provide input and feedback on work flow, procedural changes and modifications to testing and analysis methods. (3)
  • Discuss technical and scientific matters with co-workers, colleagues and clients. For example, technologists discuss procedures for calibrating flow meters with technicians and verify that analysis and validation procedures were followed and analyses were conducted according to standard operating procedures. They discuss methods and protocols for new analysis procedures, test anomalies and next steps with their supervisors. They may discuss potential causes of nonconforming laboratory results with colleagues. They may review analysis results and validation procedures with clients and explain deficiencies and the solutions required to address them. (3)
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Money Math
  • Total and confirm charges on expense forms. For example, chemical process technologists may calculate reimbursement claims for travel to training sessions. They calculate charges for the use of personal vehicles using per kilometre rates and add amounts for meals and hotel rooms. (2)
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Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting
  • Schedule time, equipment and resources to complete tests and analyses of samples. For example, schedule time for preparation and fortification of samples, stabilization of solutions and the use of various instruments and equipment required for conducting analysis and testing of samples. Adjust these schedules to incorporate emergency requests and to clear up backlogs caused by faulty equipment as appropriate. (3)
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Measurement and Calculation
  • Take measurements using common measuring tools. For example, use graduated cylinders and weigh scales to measure specified volumes and weights of chemicals when preparing samples for analysis. Water quality control technicians measure temperatures and weights when analyzing wastewater samples. (1)
  • Calculate quantities for solutions, compounds and mixtures. For example, environmental laboratory technicians use ratios to calculate quantities of solvents required to dilute toxic chemical compounds from ten percent to one percent concentration. They calculate quantities of solvents required when conducting multiple tests and analyses on samples for validation purposes. (2)
  • Take precise measurements using specialized equipment. For example, use pipettes, digital syringes and four decimal place balances to accurately measure and transfer solutions. Use gas chromatographs to measure composition of compounds. Measure relative concentrations of sample components using inductivity coupled plasma mass spectrometers. Manufacturing quality control technicians measure the thicknesses of plastic film samples using micrometers. (3)
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Data Analysis
  • Compare test and analysis results, equipment readings and inventory amounts to specifications. For example, compare laboratory results to specifications provided by suppliers. Examine calibration curves to ensure spectrometers are operating correctly. Compare equipment readings such as rotations per minute, flow rates and temperatures to specifications. Monitor material and equipment inventory levels and place orders when quantities drop below acceptable levels. (1)
  • Collect and analyze data such as test results and product measurements. For example, research technologists in pulp and paper manufacturing calculate averages, standard deviations and coefficients of variation for variables such as feed pressures and total suspended solids in effluents. Environmental laboratory technologists may conduct regression analyses to determine the accuracy of test results. They consider bias levels which can indicate systemic errors in procedures, contamination and faulty sample preparation. (4)
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Numerical Estimation
  • Estimate times, quantities, temperatures and speeds when greater accuracy is not required. For example, estimate time required to prepare standards and samples and complete analysis and testing procedures. Water quality technicians estimate drying times of wastewater and raw materials samples. (2)
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Job Task Planning and Organizing
  • Chemical technicians and technologists plan their days to complete tasks assigned by their supervisors. When determining priorities and sequences, they consider projects' timelines, protocols and procedures for preparing samples, times required for testing and analysis, equipment availability and the ages and numbers of samples waiting for analysis. Chemical technicians and technologists may need to adjust their work plans because of delays caused by malfunctioning equipment and the arrival of more urgent work. (2)
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Decision Making
  • Decide to clean, maintain and calibrate equipment. Consider preventative maintenance schedules, calibration abnormalities and equipment availabilities. (1)
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Problem Solving
  • Scheduled chemical analyses cannot be completed due to incomplete samples and lack of laboratory supplies. For example, when petrochemical technologists receive incomplete samples for analysis they send account managers instructions to collect full samples in order to proceed with analyses. When pulp and paper research technologists cannot find a particular type of polymer needed for chemical analysis, they call distributors of the product, search the Internet and contact colleagues in similar research institutes to seek assistance in locating the product. (1)
  • Deadlines cannot be met due to test instrument and equipment malfunctions. For example, when the inductivity coupled plasma mass spectrometer equipment malfunctions, municipal water quality technicians review the equipment manual and call manufacturers' help lines for troubleshooting assistance. They inform their supervisors of laboratory results which may be delayed because of equipment malfunctions. (2)
  • Analysis results do not meet specifications. For example, when environmental laboratory technicians encounter deficiencies, they review production processes to ensure that standard operating procedures have been followed. They inform their supervisors of the deficiencies and repeat the analyses after calibrating instruments. (2)
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Finding Information
  • Find information about chemical compounds by studying the periodic table of elements, conducting research on the Internet and speaking with co-workers and colleagues. (3)
  • Find information about chemical testing and analysis methods and protocols by reviewing procedure manuals and textbooks, conducting Internet searches and speaking with co-workers and colleagues. (3)
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Critical Thinking
  • Evaluate the appropriateness of construction materials for specific applications. Use engineering knowledge and review journal articles on the properties and characteristics of materials. For example, a civil engineer may assess the appropriateness of several asphalt mixtures for the pavement of a new highway. (3)
  • Evaluate the performance of technologists, technicians and engineers on engineering project teams. As part of the assessments, determine the extent to which junior staff have met performance objectives, respected health, safety and environmental policies and procedures and adhered to plans, schedules and timelines. Subsequent to performance evaluations, new project assignments may be recommended and further training for team members. (3)
  • Evaluate validity and accuracy of test and analysis results. Results may be compared across two or more sets of tests. Analysis results may be compared to specifications. Review quality control documentation, consider adherence to procedures and perform statistical analyses for verification purposes. Compare percentage differences between duplicate samples. (3)
  • Evaluate the quality of construction, installation, inspection, repair and maintenance work. Verify that requested tasks have been performed, specified materials, products, accessories, standards and processes have been used and engineering designs, codes and regulations have been respected. (3)
  • Assess the suitability of equipment and software for particular civil engineering applications. Identify important performance criteria for particular applications and contexts. Gather and analyze specifications and expert opinions. For example, a transportation engineer may assess the suitability of transportation planning software for light rail traffic analyses and simulations. A structural engineer may assess the suitability of computer-assisted design software to prepare two and three-dimensional drawings of bridges and highway designs. (3)
  • Assess the quality and readiness of articles for publication in academic journals. For example, a transportation engineer may be asked to review a colleague's article on the development of a simulation model to assess traffic flows through various types of intersections. The engineer evaluates the article using criteria such as the soundness of the research approach, the consistency of explanations, the appropriateness of conclusions reached and the clarity of the text. (3)
  • Lead teams which evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of proposed construction, repair and installation projects. Determine evaluation criteria which may include costs, benefits, technical, operational and legal viabilities, public perception, risks to health and safety and environmental impacts resulting from project implementation. Collect and analyze quantitative and qualitative data on these variables. Write reports describing evaluation methodologies, discuss findings and offer conclusions and recommendations. For example, transportation engineers may assess the feasibility and acceptability of proposed highway designs, rail transit systems and airport development plans. (4)
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