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NOC Code: NOC Code: 2213 Occupation: Meteorological Technicians
Occupation Description: Occupation Description:
Meteorological technicians observe weather and atmospheric conditions, record and interpret meteorological data, transmit and report on recorded information, and provide meteorological information and advice to the general public, the transportation industry and the media. They are employed by the Atmospheric Environment Service of Environment Canada and by the armed forces, private consulting companies, resource and utility companies and by provincial governments. Meteorological technicians observe weather and atmospheric conditions, record and interpret meteorological data, transmit and report on recorded information, and provide meteorological information and advice to the general public, the transportation industry and the media. They are employed by the Atmospheric Environment Service of Environment Canada and by the armed forces, private consulting companies, resource and utility companies and by provincial governments.

  • Click on any of the Essential Skills to view sample workplace tasks for this occupation.
  • Skill levels are assigned to tasks: Level 1 tasks are the least complex and level 4 or 5 tasks (depending upon the specific skill) are the most complex. Skill levels are associated with workplace tasks and not the workers performing these tasks.
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Table will display the Skill Level for the Noc specified
Essential Skills Essential Skills Levels
Reading Text Reading Text 1 2 3
Writing Writing 1 2 3 4
Document Use Document Use 1 2 3 4
Computer Use Computer Use 1 2 3
Oral Communication Oral Communication 1 2 3
Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting 1 2
Measurement and Calculation Measurement and Calculation 1 2 3 4
Data Analysis Data Analysis 1 2 3 4
Numerical Estimation Numerical Estimation 1 2
Job Task Planning and Organizing Job Task Planning and Organizing 1 2
Decision Making Decision Making 1 2 3
Problem Solving Problem Solving 1 2 3
Finding Information Finding Information 1 2
Critical Thinking Critical Thinking 1 2 3


  • The skill levels represented in the above chart illustrate the full range of sample tasks performed by experienced workers and not individuals preparing for or entering this occupation for the first time.
  • Note that some occupational profiles do not include all Numeracy and Thinking Essential Skills.

If you would like to print a copy of the chart and sample tasks, click on the "Print Occupational Profile" button at the top of the page.


Reading Text
  • Read short comments in logbooks from weather observers on previous shifts to review work that has been completed and tasks that still require attention. (1)
  • Read text summaries of satellite and radar imagery observations from Environment Canada weather sites. Read the weather reports to confirm your own observations and to gather information about surrounding weather systems which can be used for forecasting. (2)
  • Read email from co-workers, colleagues and customers requesting and providing weather-related information such as the location, intensity and development of weather patterns. These email vary in length from brief confirmations of forecasts to longer messages modifying previous forecasts or describing unusual weather occurrences and observations. (2)
  • Read instructions and operational guidelines found in technical equipment and procedure manuals such as those published by Meteorological Services and Business Policy Branch of Environment Canada. The manuals also offer information about troubleshooting common problems. (3)
  • Read regulatory guidelines in federal government publications such as the Manual of Surface Weather Observations issued by Atmospheric Environment Services to apply to current policies and procedures in your own work. The guidelines cover a variety of subjects including training policies and procedures for the removal of hazardous materials. (3)
  • Read comments in daily reports from the Canadian Avalanche Society. These reports summarize current weather and snowpack conditions, and forecast future conditions.(Avalanche forecasters) (3)
  • Read weather descriptions, observations and warnings in meteorological reports from both domestic and international locations. The reports are used to prepare briefings for pilots about weather conditions that may affect aviation such as icing, turbulence and low visibility. (3)
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Writing
  • Write comments in shift logbooks to document observations, describe work completed and highlight priority items for the following shifts. (1)
  • Write brief email to weather observers in surrounding locations, requesting or supplying updated weather reports. (2)
  • Describe surface weather conditions on record forms. Summarize information extracted from satellite imagery, radar reports, observations from other meteorological stations and personal observations. (3)
  • Write inspection reports that present evaluations of meteorological stations' operational performance. The reports provide details on the stations' reliability of statistical data, timeliness of data input and problems with equipment. The reports comment on the degree to which performance meets standards and may include recommendations for upgrading to meet required standards.(Meteorological inspectors) (4)
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Document Use
  • Scan lists in the Manual of Abbreviations to locate international abbreviation codes for meteorological instruments and equipment. (1)
  • Complete equipment inspection checklists which are several pages in length. Mark off each item as it is inspected and note any equipment malfunctions. (Meteorological inspectors) (2)
  • Create work schedules for employees up to four months in advance. Review staff schedules daily to verify work shifts and negotiate changes as required. (2)
  • Compare photographs of prospective sites for weather stations to identify topographical features that may impede the efficiency of sensing equipment before recommending appropriate sites.(Meteorological inspectors) (3)
  • Take measurements from aerial photographs of mountains to identify potential avalanche areas. For example, most slab avalanches originate on slopes of 30 to 45 degree angles while steeper slopes of 50 to 60 degree angles tend to sluff snow constantly. (Avalanche forecasters) (3)
  • Complete surface weather record forms. Enter weather observation data and equipment readings which are encoded according to Environment Canada guidelines. (3)
  • Review observation graphs of humidity, wind velocity and temperature from Environment Canada stations to identify and interpret weather patterns. (3)
  • Study tables displaying measurements such as barometric pressures, temperatures, humidity and wind speeds in order to forecast weather conditions locally, regionally and internationally. (4)
  • Study satellite and radar images to inform current weather observations and long-range forecasts. Infer wind speed, wind direction, cloud density and other weather information from the images. (4)
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Computer Use
  • Use word processing. For example, create memos, reports and data collection tables. (2)
  • Conduct Internet searches for weather information at sites such as the Environment Canada website. Review weather maps and satellite images and learn what nearby weather observation sites are reporting. (2)
  • Use email programs to communicate with co-workers, colleagues and clients. Attach weather reports, maps and other electronic files. (2)
  • Use industry-specific database programs to access weather information such as radar and satellite images, weather maps and forecasts. (2)
  • Create slide presentations for weather briefings and training sessions using software such as PowerPoint. Insert data tables, charts and digital photographs to present complete and comprehensive weather information. (3)
  • Use spreadsheets to create tables and record temperatures and precipitation, such as daily snowfall amounts, and other weather data. (3)
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Oral Communication
  • Exchange information with incoming staff during shift changes to brief them about weather conditions. (1)
  • Participate in group discussion with supervisors, co-workers and meteorological inspectors during annual audits to discuss equipment problems and safety concerns. (2)
  • Provide information to customers regarding weather forecasts. For example, provide snowfall forecasts to snow removal personnel. (2)
  • Provide weather forecasts and warnings to radio and televisions stations via the telephone. Relaying warnings of hazardous weather by telephone allows information to be broadcast to the public before the arrival of storms. (2)
  • Speak with suppliers to determine if replacement parts are available for equipment. (2)
  • Interact with supervisors to discuss weather concerns, technical problems and staff schedules. (2)
  • Train new surface weather observers by providing feedback on their job performances. Explain what is expected, provide encouragement and verify that the job tasks are understood.(Meteorological officers-in-charge) (3)
  • Broadcast weather conditions and forecasts to the public via television. (3)
  • Provide weather briefings to flight crews and air traffic controllers. Outline weather conditions for various altitudes and warn them of severe weather patterns that may affect flying. (3)
  • Warn outdoor enthusiasts such as skiers, snowmobilers and campers about snow instability and avalanche hazards.(Avalanche forecasters) (3)
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Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting
  • Establish installation, maintenance and repair schedules of meteorological equipment. Prioritize the tasks according to availability of resources, costs of the projects and scope of work.(Meteorological inspectors) (2)
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Measurement and Calculation
  • Measure temperature, humidity, air pressure, wind speed and wind direction by releasing weather balloons carrying expendable measuring devices called radiosonodes. The radiosonodes send sensor measurements to ground receivers. (2)
  • Take measurements of slopes from pictures of mountainous terrain using protractors.(Avalanche forecasters) (3)
  • Measure the sizes, shapes and directional movements of storms by downloading radar maps and using specialized software. Use the information to plan forecasts, issue warnings of hazardous weather conditions and prepare weather reports. (3)
  • Measure the amount of precipitation using tipping bucket rain gauges. In some cases, use this method for collecting rainfall as a backup method to confirm measurements and to compare to radar information during heavy storms. Observe the amount of rain that is collected in the two chambered buckets and measure the weights of the precipitation that caused the buckets to tip. (3)
  • Measure distances between weather observation equipment and obstacles that may hinder the equipment's accuracy.(Meteorological inspectors) (4)
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Data Analysis
  • Compare equipment readings to those generated by test equipment to ensure sensing devices are properly calibrated and readings are within acceptable ranges. (2)
  • Analyze barometric pressures reported by surface weather stations across Canada and plot isobars on maps by connecting points of equal barometric pressures. Plot high and low pressure areas to track the movements of cold and warm fronts and determine the boundaries of weather systems for forecasting purposes. (2)
  • Analyze reports of measurements of temperatures, wind speeds, cloud covers, humidity and air pressures received at three hour intervals in order to prepare synoptic reports and long-range forecasts. (3)
  • Analyze wind speed and direction data to interpret patterns of surface wind speeds over time and to predict system movements. (3)
  • Analyze weather data to prepare daily forecasts. Study radar and satellite imagery to identify types of clouds, heights and spans of cloud coverage. Compare weather data that is collected across Canada and the United States including temperatures, wind velocities and humidity to be able to identify weather patterns that may affect the area. Synthesize the information and compare it to your observations and data collected locally. (4)
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Numerical Estimation
  • Estimate when weather systems will arrive by considering wind speeds, and the distances systems must travel. Revise these estimates periodically to improve the reliability of the forecasts. (2)
  • Estimate the high and low temperatures for the day using weather data and your observations of local weather patterns. (2)
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Job Task Planning and Organizing
  • Meteorological technicians plan and organize their work according to routines that are established by meteorologists. However, they are responsible for organizing their daily tasks, such as gathering information about weather from radar and satellite imagery, operating computer programs and sending weather forecasts to radio, television and weather stations. Their work plan must be integrated with other weather observers to send, receive, compare and analyze weather data. For example, they send local weather information every three hours and a synopsis of weather patterns every six hours. Their schedules may be adjusted when necessary to report unexpected changes in weather patterns such as storm fronts. Most of the duties are detail-oriented and the volume of work depends on the weather. Meteorological officers-in-charge at weather stations are responsible for planning the work and training schedules of surface weather observers and other technicians. (2)
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Decision Making
  • Decide whether to send up ceiling balloons to measure cloud ceilings based on initial assessment of wind speed and direction. (1)
  • Decide what information to present during live television broadcasts. Be prepared to spontaneously fill the allotted airtime during the broadcasts. (2)
  • Decide to issue severe weather advisories. Study radar maps, communicate with surrounding observation stations and observe local weather conditions before deciding to act. (3)
  • Decide whether meteorological equipment should be replaced or repaired. Consider the age of the equipment, its maintenance and repair history and the estimated cost of repairs. (Meteorological inspectors) (3)
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Problem Solving
  • Observe data anomalies that indicate meteorological equipment is not functioning properly. For example, notice anemometer readings that are static during strong winds. Report the problem to the supervisor, submit documented reports to NAV Canada and gather the data by alternative means until the equipment is repaired. (2)
  • Computer malfunctions are causing delays in sending, receiving and calculating weather information. Until the equipment is fixed, telephone other meteorological stations to exchange information verbally and revert to performing calculations manually. (2)
  • Encounter decreased visibility, when you are in the mountains, that prevents helicopters from picking you up. Anticipate these problems by carrying survival gear packs which can be used if forced to spend the night outside in mountain terrain.(Avalanche forecasters) (3)
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Finding Information
  • Telephone nearby weather stations to find out about weather conditions in surrounding areas. (1)
  • Locate the correct codes for weather observations in the Manual of Surface Weather Observations or the training procedures for technicians in the Weather Observer Qualifications manual. (1)
  • Seek specific meteorological information on the Internet. For example, find information for specific geographical areas by analyzing radar images on Environment Canada's websites. (2)
  • Search specific databases to find administrative information about meteorological stations, such as the date of the last inspection, the names of the technical specialists who did the inspections and the serial numbers of equipment. (Meteorological inspectors) (2)
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Critical Thinking
  • Assess the quality of the weather data to judge if it is adequate for on-air presentations or for responses to queries from news media. Consider whether the data is current and detailed enough. Confirm judgements with meteorologists, forecasters and other technicians. (Meteorological Technicians) (2)
  • Judge the accuracy of meteorological sensing devices by comparing the equipment readings to measurements gathered from other stations and observations of local weather conditions. (Meteorological Technicians) (2)
  • Judge the risk of avalanches by analyzing the environmental conditions of mountain sides. Consider the terrain, wind velocity, temperature, precipitation and strength of the snow packs. Synthesize all the information to determine if there are indications that an avalanche will occur. (Avalanche forecasters) (3)
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