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NOC Code: NOC Code: 2251 Occupation: Architectural Technologists and Technicians
Occupation Description: Occupation Description:
Architectural technologists and technicians may work independently or provide technical assistance to professional architects and civil design engineers in conducting research, preparing drawings, architectural models, specifications and contracts and in supervising construction projects. Architectural technologists and technicians are employed by architectural and construction firms, and governments. Architectural technologists and technicians may work independently or provide technical assistance to professional architects and civil design engineers in conducting research, preparing drawings, architectural models, specifications and contracts and in supervising construction projects. Architectural technologists and technicians are employed by architectural and construction firms, and governments.

  • Click on any of the Essential Skills to view sample workplace tasks for this occupation.
  • Skill levels are assigned to tasks: Level 1 tasks are the least complex and level 4 or 5 tasks (depending upon the specific skill) are the most complex. Skill levels are associated with workplace tasks and not the workers performing these tasks.
  • Scroll down the page to get information on career planning, education and training, and employment and volunteer opportunities.

Table will display the Skill Level for the Noc specified
Essential Skills Essential Skills Levels
Reading Text Reading Text 1 2 3
Writing Writing 1 2 3 4
Document Use Document Use 1 2 3 4
Computer Use Computer Use 1 2 3 4
Oral Communication Oral Communication 1 2 3
Money Math Money Math 1 2 3
Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting 1 2 3 4
Measurement and Calculation Measurement and Calculation 1 2 3 4 5
Data Analysis Data Analysis 1 2
Numerical Estimation Numerical Estimation 1 2 3
Job Task Planning and Organizing Job Task Planning and Organizing 1 2 3
Decision Making Decision Making 1 2 3
Problem Solving Problem Solving 1 2 3
Finding Information Finding Information 1 2 3 4
Critical Thinking Critical Thinking 1 2 3


  • The skill levels represented in the above chart illustrate the full range of sample tasks performed by experienced workers and not individuals preparing for or entering this occupation for the first time.
  • Note that some occupational profiles do not include all Numeracy and Thinking Essential Skills.

If you would like to print a copy of the chart and sample tasks, click on the "Print Occupational Profile" button at the top of the page.


Reading Text
  • Review short comments written on client requirement forms by members of architectural teams. (1)
  • Read emails on a variety of topics from clients, architects, engineers, designers and other technicians and technologists. (2)
  • Read trade publications such as Architectural Record, Canadian Architect, Architecture Québec and Esquisse to stay abreast of trends or learn about award-winning buildings and the architects who designed them. (2)
  • Refer to building codes, zoning regulations, energy consumption regulations, by-laws and other national, provincial and municipal regulations to ensure that architectural designs, procedures and practices are compliant with rules and regulations. For example, review heritage by-laws to verify that garages of historical buildings can be converted into living spaces. (3)
  • Read specification manuals for building projects. For example, refer to specification manuals for information about tasks, materials, quality concerns, standards and processes to be used. (3)
  • Read user manuals for computers and software. For example, refer to software user manuals to review specific functions or steps needed to apply lighting, colours, materials and finish maps to virtual three-dimensional models of architectural designs. (3)
  • Refer to best practice guides published by the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. Adapt these design recommendations and standards to your own projects. For example, review a guide to wood frame house construction to find guidelines for the design of kitchen cabinets, closets and stairs. (3)
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Writing
  • Write emails to co-workers, colleagues and clients to schedule or confirm meetings, ask for information or respond to enquiries. (1)
  • Write short text entries on forms. For example, write project descriptions on development and building permit applications. Write justifications on zoning variance applications. (1)
  • Write letters to invite contractors to submit tenders for construction, expansion, reconstruction and renovation projects. Modify project titles and submission deadlines on invitation to tender templates to create new invitations, using standard spelling and grammar. (2)
  • Write minutes of project meetings using established formats. These minutes must be explicit and precise to ensure all team members share a common understanding of issues, timelines and action plans. (3)
  • Prepare comprehensive building specifications for construction entrepreneurs. These specifications comprise detailed descriptions of tasks to be performed, materials, products, accessories, standards and processes to be used, procedures for changes to contract and other contract requirements such as the need to respect architectural plans, codes and regulations and to repair deficiencies. (4)
  • Write responses to requests for proposals for architectural services work. Each response must address the key components of the request and convey complex concepts in an effective manner. The preparation of these submissions usually involves gathering and selecting technical descriptions from multiple sources and re-writing them for non-technical audiences. In some instances, however, content must be written for the sole purpose of the request. (4)
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Document Use
  • Check the labels on materials received from suppliers for technical specifications. (1)
  • Review construction project signage to ensure that hazards are marked properly. (1)
  • Read lists of documents that need to accompany development and building permit applications. (1)
  • Interpret a variety of icons to navigate professional association websites or search suppliers' websites for product information. (2)
  • Refer to tables included in building codes, by-laws and best practice guides to verify structural design requirements. For example, refer to a table from a Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation guide on wood frame house construction to verify the minimum thickness for several types of walls. (2)
  • Read home design forms to review clients' building requirements. Locate information about building types and locations, intended uses, the dimensions and topography of building sites, existing trees, possible views, required parking, anticipated budgets, preferred exterior materials, colours, architectural styles and the required numbers, sizes and locations of rooms. (3)
  • Interpret graphs showing allowable window coverage under various conditions. For example, interpret a graph to determine how big windows should be, considering the wind loading in the area. (3)
  • Read assembly drawings to understand building procedures. For example, look at drawings showing the proper way to assemble roofs. (3)
  • Refer to schematic drawings of mechanical and electrical systems when monitoring and inspecting construction projects in collaboration with engineers or engineering technologists. (3)
  • Review architectural drawings submitted by employees or contractors to ensure that design criteria have been satisfied and specifications have been respected. Take measurements from scale drawings to check that all items have been appropriately represented. (4)
  • Complete extensive development and building permit application forms which require combining information from several sources. For example, to fill in an application for a development permit in an established community, an architectural technologist may have to complete or collect certificates of titles, restrictive grade slip forms, site plans, colour photographs, letters of authorization, restrictive covenants and site contamination statements. (4)
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Computer Use
  • Perform keyword searches to find the websites of suppliers, professional organizations, other architectural firms and clients. Use the Internet to exchange larger files using file transfer protocol software. (2)
  • Use communication software to exchange emails and attached documents with clients, contractors and members on the design team. (2)
  • Use custom-designed databases to store and retrieve architectural project data. (2)
  • Use computer and software applications. For example, use photo editing software to develop, enlarge and print photos taken with digital cameras. Use compact disk creation software to transfer larger files to compact disks for clients. Use specialized software to study the thermal resistance of wall assemblies. Use project scheduling software to create Gantt charts with assigned resources, milestones and deadlines. (3)
  • Create spreadsheets to track client space and site requirements, analyze data and prepare detailed cost estimates. (3)
  • Create lengthy proposals and contracts using word processing programs such as Word. Supplement text with imported drawings, photographs and spreadsheet tables. Use formatting features such as page numbering, heading levels, footnotes, and columns. (3)
  • Use graphics software. For example, create slide shows using presentation software such as PowerPoint. In order to develop effective demonstration packages for clients and to illustrate design concepts, import photographs, scanned images, two-dimensional drawings and three-dimensional virtual models. Apply lighting, colours, material textures and finish maps to models using three-dimensional visualization software. Demonstrate the design, aesthetics and functionality of models using three-dimensional animation software. (4)
  • Use computer-assisted design, manufacturing and machining. For example, use computer-assisted design software to prepare two-dimensional drawings and three-dimensional models of proposed architectural designs. Use this software to calculate the areas of complex geometrical shapes. (4)
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Oral Communication
  • Ask suppliers for product information and samples. (1)
  • Interact with employees such as other technicians, technologists, surveyors and tradespeople to assign tasks, review completed tasks and enquire about the status of ongoing work activities. (2)
  • Speak with interior designers, engineering technologists and structural, mechanical, electrical and civil engineers at site meetings to coordinate design and construction processes. (2)
  • Speak with clients to assess their needs during the concept development phases of architectural projects. Question clients to identify their intentions for buildings and interior spaces, their budgets and timeframes and their aesthetic preferences and functional requirements. Let clients express their concerns, discuss potential design options and recommend cost-saving alternatives. (3)
  • Meet with architects to discuss project priorities, timelines, building codes, by-laws and budgetary concerns. Present drawings, models, specifications and cost estimates and obtain guidance, recommendations and approvals. Meet to assist architects in the development of architectural designs to address client needs. (3)
  • Participate in regular meetings with other members on the architectural team to discuss current projects, staff workloads, invitations to tender, problems with regulatory officials, layout and design issues, interior detailing and a wide range of other topics. At these meetings, present architectural plans or display models you have prepared. (3)
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Money Math
  • Total clients' bills. Multiply the numbers of hours worked on projects by hourly rates, add extra charges for courier fees and permits and calculate applicable taxes. (2)
  • Approve contractors' invoices for work done on construction, expansion, reconstruction and renovation projects. Make sure that suppliers have billed contracted prices for equipment, materials and labour and that the taxes have been calculated correctly. (3)
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Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting
  • Review tenders for construction work. Perform comparative analyses of data submitted by contractors and determine which bids offer the best prices and most feasible work plans. (3)
  • Monitor project schedules and budgets. Ensure that project expenditures are within budgeted amounts and that projects are progressing on schedule. Adjust schedules and change budget line items when confronted with unexpected events and unforeseen problems. (4)
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Measurement and Calculation
  • Calculate occupational densities by dividing numbers of residents by living areas in square meters. (1)
  • Take site measurements to verify the location of immovable items such as street lights and fire hydrants identified in surveyors' reports. (2)
  • Take precise measurements of existing rooms, columns, doors and windows using laser distance meters. (3)
  • Calculate the areas of proposed buildings, rooms, walls and windows. Perform these calculations by adding the areas of component shapes such as rectangles, triangles and circles. (3)
  • Calculate areas and volumes of complex shapes. For example, a technologist may calculate the area of an oval roof or the volume of kidney-shaped swimming pool. (4)
  • Use geometry and trigonometry to calculate the angles of intersections and lengths of existing structural elements such as walls and ceilings. (5)
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Data Analysis
  • Verify that the window area proposed in architectural plans does not exceed the area allowed in building by-laws. (1)
  • Verify that the door clearance, placement of mirrors and location of hardware are within acceptable ranges to enable accessibility for users in wheelchairs. (1)
  • Calculate the average cost of various building materials over several projects. (2)
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Numerical Estimation
  • Estimate the time needed to obtain building or development permits using past experience as a guide. (1)
  • Estimate the number of project hours which should be assigned for various design tasks. You are guided by past requirements but allow time for unexpected difficulties. (2)
  • Estimate the magnitude of construction budgets taking into consideration the quantities and unit costs of materials and labour. Many factors are involved in the estimates and a fair degree of precision is required to minimize budget overruns. (3)
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Job Task Planning and Organizing
  • Architectural technologists and technicians work in a dynamic environment with many conflicting demands on their time. Their work is team-oriented so they must integrate their own tasks with those of a team of experts including architects, interior designers, and structural, mechanical, electrical and civil engineers and engineering technologists. Their ability to work on several projects at the same time and manage priorities is critical to their jobs. Changes in designs, pressures from project leaders or clients, computer breakdowns and other emergencies force them to frequently reorganize job tasks. Architectural technologists and technicians play central roles in organizing, planning, scheduling and monitoring the activities of their architectural design teams. Senior technologists and technicians are also responsible for scheduling the work of contractors and tradespeople. (3)
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Decision Making
  • Decide when to hold site meetings during the construction phase of projects. Talk to clients, general contractors, engineers, designers and other technicians and technologists to see if they are available. Choose times when all key participants in projects can attend the meetings. (1)
  • Decide how to treat certain building elements during the conceptual design phase of projects. Make decisions based on cost-effectiveness and product availability. (2)
  • Choose tasks to assign to other technicians and technologists on the architectural team. Consider each individual's skills, experiences, attitudes and ability to meet deadlines. (2)
  • Decide which contractors to select or recommend for construction work. Review various tenders and determine which contractors offer the best prices and most feasible work plans. Selection errors may have significant cost and time implications. (3)
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Problem Solving
  • You have been asked to design unfamiliar building elements. In such instances, consult co-workers to capitalize on their skills and knowledge or refer to best practice guides. (1)
  • Underground structures such as septic tanks have been discovered during renovation work. Advise clients to hire experts to remove the structures and certify the sites as clean before continuing renovation work. (1)
  • Architectural project deadlines have been shortened. If you feel you will not be able to meet the revised deadlines on your own, meet with project leaders to outline the problems and discuss whether additional resources should or could be made available. (2)
  • Experience difficulties in getting building or development permits approved. Discuss the difficulties with co-workers and consultants. Review building codes, zoning regulations, by-laws and other relevant documents to ensure that architectural designs are compliant with rules and regulations. Then elaborate new persuasive arguments and present the development proposals to city officials again. (3)
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Finding Information
  • Find information about past architectural projects by searching corporate databases. (2)
  • Find information about the various rules and regulations applying to their projects in building codes, zoning regulations, energy consumption regulations, by-laws and other national, provincial and municipal documents. (3)
  • Find solutions for architectural design problems by searching trade publications, best practice guides and the internet. Analyze, synthesize and integrate information from a wide range of sources to develop innovative, environmentally sustainable and cost-effective solutions. (4)
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Critical Thinking
  • Evaluate the completeness of information packages submitted with development and building permit applications. Use a checklist to verify that all the required application forms have been completed and all accessory documents are included. (1)
  • Assess the importance of deviations from initial schedules and budgets. Compare budgeted amounts to expenditures and completion dates to target dates for each construction activity. Analyze successes and failures and identify lessons learned. (2)
  • Assess the efficiency of various construction procedures. For example, use specialized computer software to assess the efficiency of procedures to reduce heat loss due to thermal bridging. (2)
  • Evaluate the usefulness of architectural renderings in the creation of three-dimensional models. Consider the salient features of the renderings and identify those that can best be adapted to three-dimensional computer-assisted design technology. Evaluate several combinations of perspectives prior to building the models. (3)
  • Evaluate the quality of construction projects. Verify that required tasks have been performed, specified materials, products, accessories, standards and processes have been used and architectural plans, codes and regulations have been respected. (3)
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