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NOC Code: NOC Code: 2253 Occupation: Drafting Technologists and Technicians
Occupation Description: Occupation Description:
Drafting technologists and technicians prepare engineering designs, drawings and related technical information, in multidisciplinary engineering teams or in support of engineers, architects or industrial designers, or they may work independently. They are employed by consulting and construction companies, utility, resource and manufacturing companies, all levels of government and by a wide range of other establishments. Drafting technologists and technicians prepare engineering designs, drawings and related technical information, in multidisciplinary engineering teams or in support of engineers, architects or industrial designers, or they may work independently. They are employed by consulting and construction companies, utility, resource and manufacturing companies, all levels of government and by a wide range of other establishments.

  • Click on any of the Essential Skills to view sample workplace tasks for this occupation.
  • Skill levels are assigned to tasks: Level 1 tasks are the least complex and level 4 or 5 tasks (depending upon the specific skill) are the most complex. Skill levels are associated with workplace tasks and not the workers performing these tasks.
  • Scroll down the page to get information on career planning, education and training, and employment and volunteer opportunities.

Table will display the Skill Level for the Noc specified
Essential Skills Essential Skills Levels
Reading Text Reading Text 1 2 3 4
Writing Writing 1 2 3
Document Use Document Use 1 2 3 4
Computer Use Computer Use 1 2 3 4
Oral Communication Oral Communication 1 2 3
Money Math Money Math 1
Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting 1 2 3
Measurement and Calculation Measurement and Calculation 1 2 3 4
Data Analysis Data Analysis 1 2
Numerical Estimation Numerical Estimation 1 2
Job Task Planning and Organizing Job Task Planning and Organizing 1 2
Decision Making Decision Making 1 2 3
Problem Solving Problem Solving 1 2 3
Finding Information Finding Information 1 2 3
Critical Thinking Critical Thinking 1 2 3


  • The skill levels represented in the above chart illustrate the full range of sample tasks performed by experienced workers and not individuals preparing for or entering this occupation for the first time.
  • Note that some occupational profiles do not include all Numeracy and Thinking Essential Skills.

If you would like to print a copy of the chart and sample tasks, click on the "Print Occupational Profile" button at the top of the page.


Reading Text
  • Read text descriptions, special requirements and clarifications on completed forms. For example, structural steel detailers review responses on 'Request for Information' forms for answers to questions posed to designers and owners. (1)
  • Skim trade publications and company newsletters to keep up-to-date on trends in equipment, drafting tools, materials and architecture. (2)
  • Read memos, information sheets and letters to obtain information and direction. For example, review memos to obtain updates on project activities. (2)
  • Read computer, materials, and company policy and procedures manuals. For example, read instructions in manuals to learn how to use features of a computer program. (3)
  • Scan specification books prepared by project designers for details to include or consider when preparing detail drawings. The specification books are lengthy and include a significant amount of technical details. (3)
  • Scan and interpret relevant regulations such as building, plumbing and electrical codes to ensure projects meet requirements. For example, architectural drafting technologists and technicians interpret federal and provincial fire safety regulations to ensure the construction will be safe and conform to regulations. (3)
  • Refer to regulations and explanations in industry-specific reference manuals. For example, structural steel detailers refer to the Handbook of Steel Construction for explanations of formulas. (3)
  • Read notes, addenda and supplemental site instructions submitted by team members to evaluate clarity, accuracy and completeness. Ensure that information about building and manufacturing processes is clear and unambiguous. (4)
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Writing
  • Write short notes and annotations on drawings for builders and manufacturers to supplement visual information. For example, write notes on drawings to indicate that a section should not be painted. (1)
  • Write email to co-workers and clients exchanging information. For example, write a short email describing project status. (2)
  • Write short notes on drawings and forms for co-workers. For example, write notes on drawings to indicate reviews, comments, opinions or requests for additional information from project designers. (2)
  • Write lengthy and complex assembly and building procedure directions to supplement drawings. Builders and manufacturers use these documents during the production stage; risk to the project is great if the directions are not clear. (3)
  • Write letters, addenda and lengthy email to clients or contractors detailing project needs and changes, providing or requesting information and inviting bids. Since the clients or contractors may not have the same technical knowledge, choose your words carefully. (3)
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Document Use
  • Identify icons to select the correct software tools or activate drafting features. (1)
  • Interpret graphed information. For instance, interpret graphs displaying efficiency data for materials under different conditions or showing industry trends for construction materials. (2)
  • Refer to completed forms to obtain information about projects. For example, scan forms for dates, locations or land survey findings. (2)
  • Obtain project details and materials information from tables. For example, locate bearing loads for various sizes of beams in reference tables. (2)
  • Enter personal scheduling details, tracking information and materials' details into tables and onto forms. For example, enter current and wire gauge details into electrical reference tables. (2)
  • Make changes, corrections and improvements to scale drawings and project schematics. For instance, in cases where the detailing work is completed using three-dimensional modeling programs, the two-dimensional output drawings frequently need editing to ensure production or manufacturing personnel have the information required. (3)
  • Review sketches or preliminary drawings, including assembly drawings, land surveys and erection drawings created by engineers, architects or designers illustrating project features. In some cases, synthesize information about location, dimensions, elevation, power distribution and materials from multiple drawings. These pieces of information form the bases of the drawings created. (4)
  • Examine the continuity of designs through multiple drawings and views to confirm the alignment and placement of drawing elements. Attend to hundreds of details from different documents to confirm the continuity of the drawings. (4)
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Computer Use
  • Use computer and software applications such as personal digital assistants to communicate while off-site and use digital cameras to exchange images. (2)
  • Use the Internet to search and navigate through competitor, supplier and contractor websites or to upload and download drawings using file transfer protocol. Conduct keyword searches to learn about new features of the computer-assisted design programs. (2)
  • Use communications software to exchange email and attachments such as compressed drawing files. (2)
  • Use database software. For example, to obtain the drawings from past projects. (2)
  • Use word processing. For example, prepare letters, write information requests, detailed directions and site instructions. Use the desktop publishing features of the software to lay out text and digital images. (3)
  • Use spreadsheets. For example, create, edit and enter information to calculate, track time spent on projects, organize supplemental information or track data or drawings. For instance, enter time spent on a project into a pre-existing timesheet spreadsheet. (3)
  • Use hardware and system skills. For example, you have a significant responsibility for maintaining your own workstations. Connect new computers and peripherals, move equipment, load software and set user options. Collect information about software bugs and help support technicians diagnose and correct errors. (3)
  • Use computer-assisted design, manufacturing or machining. For example, use design software to create, view and edit two-dimensional drawings and three-dimensional representations; take precise measurements, draw lines, circles and other shapes precisely; note key reference points, enter text into the word processing-like feature and search for previous projects using database-like features. (4)
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Oral Communication
  • Exchange operational information with support staff. For instance, co-ordinate the delivery of drawings, order printing and request supplies. (1)
  • Talk to the supervisor to obtain work assignments and project requirements, deliver project status information and defend design and detailing choices. (2)
  • Assign tasks to team members when leading teams. Provide instructions to junior members and assist them as they edit and complete drawings. (2)
  • Share opinions with co-workers, colleagues and peers about successful projects, problematic projects and drafting techniques. (2)
  • Make presentations to co-workers. For example, designer-detailers in manufacturing may present updates about product development to their co-workers during regular staff meetings. (2)
  • Meet with architects, engineers, designers, other drafting professionals and various consultants to obtain additional information, clarification and feedback about drawings and to discuss projects' challenges. For example, architectural drafting technologists and technicians meet with structural, mechanical and electrical detailers to discuss joint projects. They might make recommendations for specific changes or persuade specialists to change their drawings to fit larger and more comprehensive plans. (3)
  • Participate in or lead group discussions with project teams to co-ordinate work, share project status information and ensure project design and detailing components are accurately referenced to one another. Team members may include designers and other drafting professionals. (3)
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Money Math
  • Purchase drafting supplies using cash or credit cards. (1)
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Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting
  • Determine the cost of materials required for drafting projects. (2)
  • Create daily, weekly, monthly and quarterly work schedules for yourself and team members. Take into account project deadlines, the drafting components required, the amount of time the components will take to complete, the number of team members and the amount of time that can be devoted to the project given other work demands. (3)
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Measurement and Calculation
  • Use on-screen tools to measure distances and angles. (1)
  • Make calculations to decide whether projects meet the regulations while preparing the detail drawings. For example, an architectural draftsperson may calculate the number of exits a room requires to comply with the National Fire Code. (2)
  • Convert distances on scaled drawings to actual dimensions using the drawing ratio. (2)
  • Calculate areas and volumes of complex industrial products and construction projects to determine the amounts of materials required. (3)
  • Carry out structural or system analyses using multiple, complex formulas. For example, analyze electrical and mechanical systems by calculating current and fluid flows and resistances through wiring and piping or analyze shear forces and bending moments to determine the effect of loads on structures. (4)
  • Use geometry, trigonometry and algebraic formulas when detailing the relationships between shapes in drawings. For example, structural steel detailers may need to determine the angles of bevels required to fit metal pieces together. (4)
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Data Analysis
  • Compare the dimensions in drawings to specifications to ensure requirements are met, and then compare the dimensions in one drawing to others to check their consistency. (1)
  • Generate statistics that summarize key features of construction projects. For example, an architectural drafting technologist working on an apartment design may calculate square metres per exit, degrees of bend per metre of ductwork, percentage of walls that are glazed and the ratio of parking spaces to residential units. (2)
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Numerical Estimation
  • Estimate the time needed for drafting projects. Use experience with similar projects to guide the development of schedules for new projects. (2)
  • Estimate costs of projects by considering the average cost of similar projects in the past and approximate increases in material costs. (2)
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Job Task Planning and Organizing
  • Drafting technologists and technicians' daily routines do not change significantly as they tackle different projects. In workplaces where they are assigned multiple projects at a given time, they may need to determine work priorities among them. In all cases, they must meet project deadlines. In larger offices, they co-ordinate job tasks with other drafting personnel, both within and outside their organizations. They reorganize their schedules to accommodate changing priorities of different projects. Drafting technologists and technicians may plan and schedule the work of other drafting personnel on their teams. They assign drawing tasks, set timelines and monitor progress. In some companies, they may contribute to organizational and strategic planning. (2)
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Decision Making
  • Decide which standards or regulations to apply in different situations. (2)
  • Decide whether design adjustments are within your responsbility or whether input from supervisors or the designers is needed. (2)
  • Decide the order in which to produce drawings by considering who requires them, which are foundational and at which stage they are normally required. (2)
  • Decide which drafting professionals to assign to particular projects or tasks. Consider team members' abilities, skills and workloads. (2)
  • Decide how much detail to include in drawings. Consider the types of drawings, the users and the information requirements for differing types of construction and manufacturing. (2)
  • Decide to present additional design details in tables attached to drawing sets, considering how construction or manufacturing employees will use them and what format will be easy for them to use. (3)
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Problem Solving
  • Discover that drafting personnel on the team have not completed their drawings. Identify the people who have not completed their work, obtain the unfinished work immediately and complete the drawing sets yourself. In some cases, ask supervisors for support. (2)
  • Clients are not satisfied with drawings or that construction or manufacturing staff require additional information before proceeding. Obtain and apply feedback and meet with the clients or designers. Incorporate the criticisms to ensure the drawings meet the requests. (2)
  • Experience computer, software and peripheral malfunctions which prevent them from carrying out drawing tasks. Try to resolve the malfunctions using information from technical and user manuals but if that fails, contact technical support. Correcting computer malfunctions efficiently enhances your ability to complete work on time. (2)
  • Discover that key pieces of information required to complete detail drawings are missing. Identify what information is missing, their sources, and determine how best to obtain them. For instance, find that information about mating parts is missing and request the details from designers. (2)
  • Encounter design problems or contradictions between drawings and specifications. The discrepancies may result in components not fitting precisely or not meeting standards or regulations. Identify the faulty elements, determine whether you can make the needed design adjustments and either make them or relay information about the problems to the designers for resolution or clarification. (3)
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Finding Information
  • Find information about products and pricing by looking at product samples and information in the company library, conducting web searches and contacting suppliers. (2)
  • Find information about new projects by looking at sketches, scanning data sheets, reviewing preliminary drawings and talking to engineers, architects and industrial designers. (3)
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Critical Thinking
  • Evaluate the suitability of design elements. For example, evaluate whether door samples suit the vision of the project and meet the appropriate regulations or whether the width of a sidewalk is appropriate given the foot traffic expected. (2)
  • Assess the adequacy of preliminary drawings, sketches or data before proceeding with the drafting. Consider all elements, whether the project vision is clear and if any key pieces of information are missing. Judging adequacy accurately ensures drawings reflect the designs. (3)
  • Evaluate the accuracy, completeness and continuity of the drawings or those created by other drafting professionals on the projects. Consider all aspects of the drawings, such as if the elements work together, the match between fit and function, whether key points are adequately referenced and if the builders or manufacturers have sufficient information to proceed. (3)
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