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NOC Code: NOC Code: 2274 Occupation: Engineer Officers, Water Transport
Occupation Description: Occupation Description:
Engineer officers, water transport, operate and maintain main engines, machinery and auxiliary equipment aboard ships and other self-propelled vessels and supervise and co-ordinate the activities of engine room crews. They are employed by marine transportation companies and federal government departments including the armed forces. Engineer officers, water transport, operate and maintain main engines, machinery and auxiliary equipment aboard ships and other self-propelled vessels and supervise and co-ordinate the activities of engine room crews. They are employed by marine transportation companies and federal government departments including the armed forces.

  • Click on any of the Essential Skills to view sample workplace tasks for this occupation.
  • Skill levels are assigned to tasks: Level 1 tasks are the least complex and level 4 or 5 tasks (depending upon the specific skill) are the most complex. Skill levels are associated with workplace tasks and not the workers performing these tasks.
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Table will display the Skill Level for the Noc specified
Essential Skills Essential Skills Levels
Reading Text Reading Text 1 2 3
Writing Writing 1 2 3
Document Use Document Use 1 2 3
Computer Use Computer Use 1 2 3
Oral Communication Oral Communication 1 2 3
Money Math Money Math 1 2
Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting 1 2 3
Measurement and Calculation Measurement and Calculation 1 2 3 4
Data Analysis Data Analysis 1 2 3
Numerical Estimation Numerical Estimation 1 2 3
Job Task Planning and Organizing Job Task Planning and Organizing 1 2 3
Decision Making Decision Making 1 2 3
Problem Solving Problem Solving 1 2 3
Finding Information Finding Information 1 2 3
Critical Thinking Critical Thinking 1 2 3


  • The skill levels represented in the above chart illustrate the full range of sample tasks performed by experienced workers and not individuals preparing for or entering this occupation for the first time.
  • Note that some occupational profiles do not include all Numeracy and Thinking Essential Skills.

If you would like to print a copy of the chart and sample tasks, click on the "Print Occupational Profile" button at the top of the page.


Reading Text
  • Read handwritten notes from co-workers and text entries on forms. For example, read about work accomplished and troubles encountered on previous shifts in engine room logbooks. Read descriptions of repairs on maintenance work order forms. (2)
  • Read memos and letters from supervisors and managers. For example, read memos from supervisors concerning the projected installation dates of new equipment. Read letters from managers authorizing seasonal work schedules. (2)
  • Read email from supervisors, managers, co-workers and suppliers. For example, read email from supervisors advising of changes in work procedures. Read email from co-workers about administrative concerns, work progress and maintenance schedules. Read email from suppliers warning of possible defects in specific engine parts. (2)
  • Read manufacturers' brochures and the organization's bulletins and newsletters. Read these publications to learn about new products and stay abreast of the organization's activities. (2)
  • Read handling and storage instructions on Material Safety Data Sheets and labels of chemical products such as special epoxies. Pay special attention to potential risks, precautionary measures and medical directives in case of accidents. (2)
  • Read minutes of meetings on subjects such as major equipment acquisitions and important modifications to facilitate new procedures on vessels. (2)
  • Read various manuals to assemble, operate, maintain, troubleshoot and repair tools, equipment and machines. For example, read operating manuals to obtain assembly and operating instructions for power steering gear. Read service manuals to verify the procedures for cleaning equipment such as bilge pumps. (3)
  • Read bulletins and manuals from regulatory organizations. For example, marine engineer officers may review rules and regulations regarding the discharge of sewage for each port on their ships' itineraries. Chief engineers for the Canadian Coast Guard may read the Canadian Coast Guard Fleet Orders manual to review the rules and regulations regarding vessel operation, tasks, responsibilities, chain of command and procedures. (3)
  • Read incident reports. For example, read about engine room fires in other vessels. Read descriptions of the events, possible causes and recommendations to prevent similar incidents in the future. (3)
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Writing
  • Write brief text entries on forms, checklists and logbooks. Make notes about equipment performance on machinery status forms. Write brief statements about repair job plans on master checklists. Describe malfunctions detected and work completed in daily logbooks and on daily report forms. (1)
  • Write notes in records. For example, chief engineers may write notes in monthly logs about equipment condition, results of specific repair procedures and possible long term scenarios for equipment overhaul and replacement. (2)
  • Write email to co-workers, supervisors, managers and suppliers. For example, write email to purchasing staff to provide details about orders. Write email to notify supervisors of difficulties to resolve and advise managers about fuel consumption of vessels. Write email to suppliers to request rush deliveries on specific parts. (2)
  • Write staff evaluations. For example, write performance evaluation reports describing progress made toward objectives. Detail problematic behaviour of specific individuals and disciplinary actions taken. (3)
  • Write incident and accident reports. Write accurate descriptions of the events, detailing the all malfunctions and injuries which occurred. Identify possible causes and solutions. (3)
  • Write letters and memos to supervisors and crew members. For example, chief engineers may write letters to their superiors to inform them of discussions with regulatory officials and outline the seasonal preparation of vessels. They may write memos to engine room personnel detailing major tasks for the coming month. (3)
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Document Use
  • Observe icons on signs and labels. For example, scan icons on signs posted on ship lockers identifying emergency equipment such as fire hoses. Distinguish hazard symbols on chemical product labels. Interpret icons on distributed control systems to determine equipment status, such as a pump discharging. (1)
  • Obtain data on gauges and dials. For example, obtain temperatures and pressures of fuel and oil for the main engines and generator engines on engine room gauges and dials. (1)
  • Obtain data on labels. For example, scan labels on parts and equipment to locate part, model and serial numbers, manufacturers' names and servicing dates. (1)
  • Locate and interpret data on graphs. For example, locate tolerance levels for service hours of engine parts such as valves, seals and bearings on graphs in technical manuals. Interpret line graphs of engine temperatures, pressures and speeds when monitoring equipment and machinery performance on distributed control systems. (2)
  • Locate data on forms. For example, scan Transport Canada inspection forms to learn final dates for required maintenance on specific equipment. Review engine room logs to locate litres of oil consumed and propulsion hours for the main engines during previous shifts. Search different sections of the logs to locate dates for oil changes and engine overhauls. (2)
  • Locate data in lists, tables and schedules. For example, locate tasks to do on master checklists and stock on hand on inventory lists. Locate part numbers in specification tables from part catalogues and operating manuals. Locate arrival dates at specific ports by scanning ship itineraries. Obtain the volume of fluids in tanks from sounding tables given the fluid levels. (2)
  • Enter data into lists and schedules. For example, check off items verified on equipment lists and sign for tasks completed on maintenance task lists. Change dates and crew assignments on daily schedules. (2)
  • Complete work orders, work permits and other forms. For example, enter part numbers, descriptions and quantities on purchase requisitions and stock removal forms for parts and supplies. Date and sign lockdown forms and enclosed space work permits. (2)
  • Retrieve data from scale drawings. For example, obtain dimensions of tanks, locations of valves and diameters of piping from scale drawings of potable and waste water systems. Take measurements from scale drawings to verify that new equipment such as low-pressure air compressors with associated piping can be set up in the available space. (3)
  • Enter data into logs and report forms. Enter start and stop times, engine temperatures and pressures and levels of fuel, oil and waste oil into daily engine room logs. Enter data obtained from several sources into monthly fuel consumption report forms. (3)
  • Read assembly drawings to disassemble and reassemble machinery and equipment. For example, scan drawings to identify the proper orientation of parts and sequences to follow when reassembling pumps and power generators. (3)
  • Interpret schematic drawings of machinery and ship systems. For example, review schematic drawings of Global Positioning Navigational systems to aid in troubleshooting electrical malfunctions. Study schematic drawings of fuel holding tanks and relating piping to identify the valves to open to transfer fuel between tanks. (3)
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Computer Use
  • Use computer-assisted design, manufacturing and machining. For example, use distributed control systems to monitor the operating levels of variables such as temperatures, pressures, fuel levels and speeds in engine room machinery. Alarms are triggered if any of these variables rise or fall to unacceptable levels, in which case access the on-line operational data to help diagnose sources of trouble. (2)
  • Exchange email about maintenance schedules, work in progress and part specifications with supervisors, co-workers and suppliers. Send and receive attachments and use address books. (2)
  • Use programs such as Internet Explorer to conduct keyword searches to identify equipment suppliers and obtain Material Safety Data Sheets and other technical documentation. (2)
  • Write, edit and format text for memos, letters and reports using word processing programs such as Word. Use templates to write fuel use memos and incident reports. Use spell check and simple formatting. (2)
  • Use spreadsheets such as Excel to create maintenance schedules and produce fuel consumption reports. Use fuel log templates and print out various engine room forms to be filled out by hand. (3)
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Oral Communication
  • Talk to suppliers and contractors about part specifications, orders, delivery dates and costs. For example, an engineer officer may question a supplier about a chemical product's specifications to ensure its adequacy for aluminium hulled boats. A chief engineer may speak to a contractor to obtain a licensed technician and proper parts to repair a blocked fuel line upon return to shore. (1)
  • Inform supervisors about potential difficulties and discuss how to coordinate responses. Seek guidance and approvals as required. For example, chief engineers may inform ship mates and captains about potential engine problems and recommend reducing vessel speed until repairs can be made. Second engineers may discuss modifications to maintenance schedules with chief engineers to obtain their approval. (2)
  • Speak to co-workers and suppliers about work orders, faulty equipment, test results and job task coordination. For example, discuss tasks completed and unusual equipment readings with engineering staff at shift changes. Ask chief stewards to describe their observations of malfunctioning equipment such as freezers and provide updates on repaired equipment. Discuss the results of engine oil analyses with laboratory technicians. Chief engineers and second engineers may discuss alternatives to repair equipment such as failed drive units and how to share the tasks to be done. (2)
  • Give directions and feedback to engine room crew members and junior engineer officers. For example, a military marine engineering officer may ask a crew member to check readings on the fresh water tanks and verify the connections and sensors in response to an alarm. A chief engineer may discuss performance evaluations with engine room staff, offering recommendations for improvements and issuing warnings for inappropriate behaviour. (2)
  • Discuss maintenance schedules, operations, safety procedures and administrative concerns with other engineering staff in meetings. Discuss preparations for upcoming annual inspections by Transport Canada. Discuss measures to improve efficiency such as improved procedures for recording data. (2)
  • Discuss long range planning and recommendations with management teams and representatives from regulatory agencies in meetings. For example, chief engineers discuss costs and timelines for major equipment replacements and extensive pre-season maintenance during senior management meetings. They may discuss procedural changes aboard their vessels, such as how to implement changes in passenger boarding procedures. They may discuss recommendations for machinery overhauls with representatives from inspection agencies. (3)
  • Teach methods and procedures to co-workers and other crew members. For example, train new crew members on emergency procedures during one day sessions. (3)
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Money Math
  • Make payment for engineering supplies, equipment and contract repair work for vessels using company credit cards. (1)
  • Calculate and check invoice and purchase order amounts. Calculate amounts for goods and services and any applicable taxes before approving and submitting. (2)
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Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting
  • Prepare budgets and monitor repair and maintenance costs to prevent budget overruns. For example, chief engineers may monitor remaining sums for budgetary items such as main engines in interim financial reports. They may also prepare annual maintenance budgets taking into consideration major overhauls planned, tendered amounts for contract work and results for budgetary items in previous years. (3)
  • Prepare and monitor schedules for regular maintenance tasks on the vessel. Schedule maintenance tasks for the day, week, month and year following guidelines established by regulatory agencies, equipment manufacturers and your own organization. For example, plan when to overhaul generator engines taking into consideration Transport Canada's regulations concerning hours of use and years of service. Monitor work schedules to ensure timely completion of tasks. Adjust these schedules to accommodate emergencies and staff shortages. (3)
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Measurement and Calculation
  • Measure physical properties to monitor equipment operations. For example, measure fuel levels, temperatures and pressures for the main engines and generators using dipsticks and manometers. Measure levels of fluids in holding tanks using sounding tapes. (1)
  • Measure dimensions for equipment installation and repair. For example, measure the sizes of machines and clearances with bulkheads when installing new equipment. Measure pipe circumferences and diameters of flanges with tape measures to relocate wastewater pipes. (1)
  • Calculate totals, differentials, quantities remaining and quantities required. For example, calculate cumulative totals of engine hours and quantities of fuel consumed per day and per month. Calculate fluid pressure and water temperature differentials when testing filters and heaters. Calculate how much fuel is needed to fill holding tanks. (2)
  • Use specialized measuring tools such as micrometers, callipers and feeler gauges. For example, measure uneven wear on main engine connecting rod heads using micrometers. Adjust valve clearances using feeler gauges. (3)
  • Adjust and align machinery and equipment according to specifications. For example, align propeller shafts with transmissions to tolerances of several thousandths of an inch using feeler gauges. (3)
  • Calculate loads and dimensions for mechanical components and systems. For example, calculate the dimensions of trusses to hold platforms for pumps and motors. Calculate corresponding volumes for a series of depth measurements in triangular holding tanks. (4)
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Data Analysis
  • Compare measurements such as fluid levels, oil viscosity, temperature, pressure and rotations per minute on ship machinery and equipment to specifications to check if they fall within acceptable ranges. (1)
  • Collect and analyse data on operating variables such as fuel consumption, engine temperature and pressure to identify rates and trends. For example, monitor trends in fuel consumption and temperature readings for engines over time to determine maintenance needs. Review oil analyses reports for trends in the presence of trace metals, water and glycol to draw conclusions about engine performance and need for maintenance. (3)
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Numerical Estimation
  • Estimate the levels of non-essential fluids in tanks by eyeballing. (1)
  • Estimate time required to complete repair tasks. Consider the types of repairs and equipment, as well as past experiences with similar tasks. (2)
  • Estimate amounts using formulae. For example, estimate the quantity of fuel available in twenty-four hours given current amounts, projected vessel speeds and average consumption rates. (3)
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Job Task Planning and Organizing
  • Engineer officers, water transport, plan their daily, weekly and monthly tasks to meet the operating needs of their vessels and respect regulations and employer policies. Many job tasks such as equipment monitoring, record-keeping and crew supervision must be carried out at regular intervals during their shifts. They need to coordinate their activities with captains, supervisors and crew members and take into consideration their vessel schedules. They decide the priority and order of their tasks however daily routines are often disrupted by circumstances such as equipment breakdowns, poor weather, crew shortages and lack of parts which require them to re-order priorities and re-sequence tasks. Engineer officers, water transport, plan and assign tasks to engine room crew members and junior engineer officers. Depending on the size of their organizations and their seniority, they may have full responsibility for planning major vessel maintenance tasks or may share this responsibility with marine superintendents and vice-presidents of engineering. (3)
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Decision Making
  • Decide which tasks to assign to engine room crew members. Take into account crew members' experience and preferences. Consider job responsibilities as defined by the organization and limiting clauses in labour-management contract agreements as appropriate. (2)
  • Choose to replace or repair equipment parts such as filters, hoses, valves, and seals. Take into consideration maintenance guidelines, performance and test results, age and appearance of parts, as well as availability, cost and ease of access. (2)
  • Choose suppliers for equipment and supplies needed for emergency repairs. Take into consideration equipment cost and reliability and in particular, the ability of suppliers to meet vessels in port on short notice. (2)
  • Select materials and methods to maintain and repair vessel equipment and systems. Use experience, observations, test results and information from manuals and suppliers to choose safe, effective and durable products and methods. For example, choose products to clean clogged filters, taking into consideration manufacturers' specifications and experience. Decide to issue working permits for welders to repair holding tanks after testing for the presence of oxygen and explosive gases. (2)
  • Decide when to maintain and repair equipment. Take into account factors such as equipment condition, recommendations from manufacturers and inspectors, safety regulations and the availability of parts and services. Consider the impact on operations. For example, chief engineers on ferries and tourist vessels choose times to do regular water pump maintenance to cause the least disturbance to passengers. They plan schedules for major equipment overhauls in off seasons. Sometimes they may need to make rapid decisions to shut down faulty equipment for repairs despite inconvenience and disruptions to service. For example, an engineer officer aboard a coastal defence vessel may decide to shut down an engine during night watch, if current equipment readings indicate potentially serious damage could result from continued use of the engine. (3)
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Problem Solving
  • Experience disruptions to equipment repair schedules due to the unavailability of parts or contractors, poor weather, insufficient knowledge and incorrect data. Identify the nature of the problem and develop alternate plans to respect schedules as closely as possible. For example, essential parts for the main engine overhaul are unavailable from regular suppliers. Search for alternate suppliers in overseas locations and arrange for rush deliveries of parts. (2)
  • Face short-term crew shortages. For example, when engine room crew members call in sick, find other crew to fill in or reorganize work schedules to ensure priority tasks are covered. (2)
  • Face equipment malfunctions which present safety hazards. Evaluate the risks and advise supervisors and emergency crews, if necessary. Follow safety procedures such as donning protective gear and isolating potential dangers. Direct and carry out the required repairs and monitor the sites until all threats to safety have been eliminated. (2)
  • Encounter equipment faults and failures for which no parts or services are available while at sea. Engineer officers, water transport, must coordinate the delivery of appropriate parts and services upon their return and devise interim solutions. For example, they may discover that distributed control systems are signalling inexistent problems. If the difficulty remains unresolved after checking manuals and speaking to suppliers, they stop relying on computer consoles. They use their experience and more frequent manual checks to monitor engine room systems until they return to shore. (3)
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Finding Information
  • Find information about new supplies, equipment and contractors by reading product brochures, searching manufacturers' websites and questioning co-workers and suppliers. (2)
  • Find information to plan annual equipment overhauls by drawing from various sources. Review performance data from logs and forms and check manufacturer specifications in tables and graphs. Consider recommendations in reports by regulatory agencies and seek opinions from supervisors and managers. (3)
  • Find information needed to analyze performance and troubleshoot faults with engine room machinery and ship systems by searching several sources. Conduct tests and examine equipment components for clues such as discoloration, cracks, odd noises and odours. Analyse data in logs, tables and graphs. Study diagnostic flowcharts and schematic drawings in operating and maintenance manuals. Locate procedures in service bulletins and seek advice from co-workers, supervisors and suppliers. (3)
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Critical Thinking
  • Evaluate the applicability of maritime regulations to the vessels. For example, chief engineers may assess the applicability of the regulation that main engines and generators must be oriented in line with the bow and stern. They consider the types of weather and waters they navigate and wave conditions their vessels encounter. (2)
  • Evaluate the performance of engineering crew members. Consider their skills in observation, record-keeping, repairs and teamwork, among others. These evaluations may include recommendations for new assignments and further training. (2)
  • Evaluate the condition of parts and equipment. Inspect parts for signs of wear and damage. Compare part measurements to specifications. Verify trends in operating data such as fuel consumption and engine temperatures and pressures. Compare these trends to specifications to ensure that equipment is operating correctly. If there is a failure to assess the condition of key equipment and machinery, there is potential for costly equipment breakdowns and risks to the safety of passengers and crew. (3)
  • Assess the safety of the work environment. Take into consideration factors such as the availability of proper equipment and tools, potential hazards and safety regulations. For example, evaluate the capacity of hoists, slings and lines to move heavy equipment safely. Repair jobs may also be postponed during hazardous weather conditions such as heavy seas. (3)
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