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OSP Occupational Profile

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NOC Code: NOC Code: 3215 Occupation: Medical Radiation Technologists
Occupation Description: Occupation Description:
This unit group includes technologists who operate radiographic and radiation therapy equipment to administer radiation treatment and produce images of body structures for the diagnosis and treatment of injury and disease. They are employed in hospitals, cancer treatment centres, clinics and radiological laboratories. Medical radiation technologists who are supervisors or instructors are included in this unit group. This unit group includes technologists who operate radiographic and radiation therapy equipment to administer radiation treatment and produce images of body structures for the diagnosis and treatment of injury and disease. They are employed in hospitals, cancer treatment centres, clinics and radiological laboratories. Medical radiation technologists who are supervisors or instructors are included in this unit group.

  • Click on any of the Essential Skills to view sample workplace tasks for this occupation.
  • Skill levels are assigned to tasks: Level 1 tasks are the least complex and level 4 or 5 tasks (depending upon the specific skill) are the most complex. Skill levels are associated with workplace tasks and not the workers performing these tasks.
  • Scroll down the page to get information on career planning, education and training, and employment and volunteer opportunities.

Table will display the Skill Level for the Noc specified
Essential Skills Essential Skills Levels
Reading Text Reading Text 1 2 3 4 5
Writing Writing 1 2 3 4
Document Use Document Use 1 2 3 4
Computer Use Computer Use 1 2 3
Oral Communication Oral Communication 1 2 3 4
Money Math Money Math 1 2 3
Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting 1 2
Measurement and Calculation Measurement and Calculation 1 2
Data Analysis Data Analysis 1 2 3
Numerical Estimation Numerical Estimation 1 2
Job Task Planning and Organizing Job Task Planning and Organizing 1 2 3
Decision Making Decision Making 1 2 3
Problem Solving Problem Solving 1 2 3
Finding Information Finding Information 1 2 3
Critical Thinking Critical Thinking 1 2 3


  • The skill levels represented in the above chart illustrate the full range of sample tasks performed by experienced workers and not individuals preparing for or entering this occupation for the first time.
  • Note that some occupational profiles do not include all Numeracy and Thinking Essential Skills.

If you would like to print a copy of the chart and sample tasks, click on the "Print Occupational Profile" button at the top of the page.


Reading Text
  • Read brief notes, e.g. read brief notes attached to patients' files to learn about imaging procedures. (1)
  • Read email, memos and bulletins about in-service meetings, protocol updates, employee training and hospital policy changes. (2)
  • Read a variety of equipment user manuals, e.g. read step-by-step instructions to learn why scanners and imaging computers are not working. (2)
  • Read a variety of manuals, e.g. read procedure manuals to learn the procedures for properly positioning patients for scans and the requirements for injection dosages. (3)
  • Read reports written by physicians, administrators and supervising technologists, e.g. read budget reports completed by administrators to learn about the department's total expenditures and newly introduced cost control measures. (3)
  • Read Acts and regulations, e.g. read information contained in regulated health profession Acts to learn the regulation governing professional conduct, quality assurance and forms of energy. (4)
  • Read treatment prescriptions, e.g. read multi-page treatment prescriptions prepared by physicians to learn about dosage instructions, information on examinations that have been completed, scheduled or required and contingencies for each specific treatment. (4)
  • Read a variety of journal articles, e.g. read articles in the Canadian Journal of Medical Radiation Technology to learn about developments in radiology, image capture and scanning trends and specialty areas of study for continuous learning projects. (4)
  • Read medical textbooks, e.g. read books, such as the Textbook of Radiographic Positioning and Related Anatomy, to gain clinical knowledge about health conditions and treatments. (5)
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Writing
  • Write reminders and short notes, e.g. write short entries in administrative forms to report the outcomes of procedures. (1)
  • Write short email messages, e.g. write brief email messages to clerical staff to provide information about patients. (1)
  • Write brief observations on patients' charts, e.g. describe unusual pathologies and the affect they may have on diagnoses on patients' charts. (2)
  • Write detailed treatment notes, e.g. write treatment notes at the end of procedures to detail radiation treatments given, side effects noted and the general physical and emotional state of patients. (3)
  • Write descriptions of incidents on reporting forms, e.g. write descriptions of events when patients experience adverse reactions to contrast media. (3)
  • Write memos, e.g. medical radiation technologists in supervisory roles write memos to advise co-workers about cost overruns and how shortfalls have been covered. (3)
  • Write longer annual or bi-annual reports, e.g. write reports for administrators that discuss and provide recommendations for department staffing, patient loads and the operation and maintenance of equipment. (4)
  • Write academic and research papers for presentation to workplace administrators, boards of directors and gatherings of colleagues at conferences or seminars. (4)
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Document Use
  • Observe symbols and icons on product packaging and equipment, e.g. observe symbols on equipment to learn about x-ray exposure hazards. (1)
  • Locate dosage, exposure and media information on labels, e.g. scan labels on barium and dye containers to locate the correct media to introduce during dynamic scanning procedures. (1)
  • Locate data in lists, tables and schedules, e.g. look at data contained in tables to determine the fields, exposures and equipment settings used for various lengths and intensities of x-ray exposures. (2)
  • Locate data from a variety of forms, e.g. locate information, such as names, addresses, types of exams requested, treatment histories and other information, such as contraindicative conditions from requisition forms filled out by referring physicians. (3)
  • Refer to detailed positioning manuals, e.g. study tables, charts and drawings in positioning manuals to learn protocols and determine the body position images required for each exam. (3)
  • Study film and digital scan images, e.g. study a digital scan image to locate coordinates, patients' names and birth dates, the body parts captured by the images, image identification numbers and type of contrast media used. (3)
  • Enter data into forms and schedules, e.g. complete patients' medical history forms by entering information, such as patients' names, treatments received, types of scans ordered and current medical conditions. (3)
  • Interpret complex graphs and tables, e.g. interpret complex tables to determine the exact dosages of radiation to specific areas of the body and detailed graphs depicting the movements and concentration levels of contrast media at specific time intervals. (4)
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Computer Use
  • Use the Internet to research new and developing trends in your areas of specialty. (2)
  • Access web blogs to give and receive advice on matters relating to medical radiation. (2)
  • Use the Internet to access online exams and training courses, e.g. access online Continuous Professional Development (CPD) exams on the Canadian Association of Medical Radiation Technologists website. (2)
  • Use browsers and search engines to locate information, such as specifications and costs from equipment suppliers and manufacturers. (2)
  • Use basic features of word processing programs to compose letters and memos. (2)
  • Use spreadsheets to record scanning data, maintain inventory lists and display procedures. (2)
  • Use intranets and email applications to exchange information and documents with co-workers, physicians, colleagues and maintenance staff. (2)
  • Use specialized databases to retrieve names, dates, medical histories, specific pathologies and catalogued scans and images. (2)
  • Use databases to enter, retrieve and print patients' appointment and billing data. (2)
  • Use bookkeeping, billing and accounting software to calculate invoice amounts and record financial transactions. (2)
  • Use graphic programs to create slide presentations which incorporate graphs, charts and medical images. (2)
  • Operate a range of radiographic and radiation therapy equipment to administer radiation treatment and produce images of body structures. (3)
  • Use specialized clinical software with complex mathematical models to determine optimum doses and the proper sizes, energies and shapes of radiation treatment beams. (3)
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Oral Communication
  • Exchange information with reception and clerical staff, e.g. speak with receptionists to determine the number of appointments for the day. (1)
  • Speak with patients, e.g. speak with patients to explain protocols for medical procedures, answer questions, obtain information about their health condition and discuss current diagnoses and treatment options (2)
  • Discuss procedures, equipment malfunctions and personnel problems, e.g. talk to senior technologists and department supervisors about concerns you have about administrative procedures and to provide suggestions and recommendations. (3)
  • Comfort patients who may be frightened or upset during scanning procedures, e.g. use plain language to explain procedures and gentle tone of voice to put patients at ease. (3)
  • Discuss patients' status with nurses, social workers and other members of the extended health care team, e.g. speak with a dietician about the digestive problems an oncology patient is experiencing. (3)
  • Make presentations to co-workers, e.g. lead information sessions for the hospital's code teams and ambulance attendants to educate them on the procedures for obtaining and scheduling radiological examinations. (3)
  • Present research findings, e.g. present highly technical research-related information to colleagues at conferences and training events. (4)
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Money Math
  • Calculate invoice amounts using fee schedules, physicians' rates of pay and applicable taxes. (3)
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Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting
  • Monitor budgets, e.g. track the use of funds for activities, such as staff training and conferences. (1)
  • Schedule patient appointments and hours of work for clerical staff. (2)
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Measurement and Calculation
  • Measure duration of radiography exposure and quantities of liquid contrast media. (1)
  • Measure temperatures and air pressures of radiation equipment and the distance of patients' bodies from radiography tubes and scanners. (1)
  • Measure the sizes of patient body parts using specialized tools (2)
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Data Analysis
  • Compare the duration of radiation exposure patients receive to acceptable exposure ranges. (1)
  • Calculate average exposure variables for assorted scanning procedures by comparing radiographic images captured by the same scanner at various numerical settings. (2)
  • Analyze and monitor the results of diagnostic tests and other readings to determine the operating parameters of scanners and other diagnostic equipment. (3)
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Numerical Estimation
  • Estimate the approximate angles at which patients are positioned relative to the scanning equipment. (1)
  • Estimate the thickness of patients' body parts so you can adjust exposure settings accordingly. (2)
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Job Task Planning and Organizing
  • Medical radiation technologists determine the order and priority of their own work tasks, subject to confirmation or approval from their supervisors. Because of variations in demand and medical emergencies, they are forced to change daily job task schedules frequently. They often integrate their plans with those of their health care team. (3)
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Decision Making
  • Choose the correct film size for the size of the area to be scanned. (1)
  • Decide how to position patients' bodies and use scanning protocols that will result in the highest quality images. (2)
  • Decide whether to treat patients or refer them to attending physicians, e.g. decide to stop treatment until the patient's physician can be consulted after noticing that the size of a patient's tumour has increased significantly during the interval between diagnosis and treatment. (3)
  • Decide the order in which patients receive service. Consider factors, such as the amount of time patients have already waited, urgency of their condition, level of patient distress and their age. (3)
  • Decide if examinations can be completed under contraindicative or complicating circumstances. Decide whether the scan is still performable or whether the scan should be cancelled and rebooked. (3)
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Problem Solving
  • Discover that important scanning parameters, such as spatial or directional indicators, are missing on x-rays. Add the indicators directly onto the film or printed image with a marker. (1)
  • Notice that the status of patients undergoing scanning procedures is deteriorating. Stop the procedures, notify attending physicians and return the patients to their wards. If the patients require urgent attention, the technologists alert code teams. (2)
  • Encounter late-arriving patients and those who have not taken the necessary pre-appointment measures, such as fasting. Re-schedule the appointments at a later date. (2)
  • Encounter requisitions for incorrect types of visual imagery. Contact the physician to discuss the requisitions and suggest alternative types of scans. (2)
  • Notice errors during radiation treatments, such as incorrect dosages. Follow protocols, discuss the errors with referring physicians and document the incidents. (3)
  • You cannot access digital records and files of patients' previous scan histories from other medical centres. Contact patients' physicians to gain access to the files. Reschedule appointments if access to the records cannot be provided. (3)
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Finding Information
  • Find information about patients' appointments, treatments and billings by looking up patients' files, searching databases and by speaking with co-workers, such as receptionists. (2)
  • Locate information about new treatments, research and pharmaceuticals on websites and journals, such as the Canadian Journal of Medical Radiation Technology. (2)
  • Identify patient-threatening situations by reviewing past incident reports and investigations that outline missed diagnoses and excess doses of radiation. (3)
  • Learn about patients by using the Picture Archiving and Communications System to view scan histories and scanned images, reading requisition forms, talking to patients and their families and by conferring with nursing staff and referring physicians. (3)
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Critical Thinking
  • Judge the quality of radiographs, digital images and scans. Judge the quality of images using criteria, such as the visibility of patients' ID stamps, presence of orientation and spatial indicators, correct positioning of patients, inclusion of all relevant anatomy and the clarity of the exposure. (2)
  • Evaluate the seriousness of patients' injuries, e.g. use radiographic images to assess the severity of bone fractures. (2)
  • Evaluate the performance of radiology students and junior staff. Monitor procedures and examinations completed by students and co-workers. Assess the students' work using criteria, such as completeness, efficiency, scanning technique and adherence to protocols. (3)
  • Evaluate dosimetry models. For example, in consultation with oncologists and radiation physicists, evaluate the size, intensity and required depth of beams and times of exposure of radiation dosages for tumours to establish ideal radiation dosages. (3)
  • Monitor and evaluate patients' status before and after radiation therapy treatments, integrating information from the files, physicians' reports and your own observations to judge possible next treatment steps. (3)
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