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NOC Code: NOC Code: 4421 Occupation: Sheriffs and bailiffs
Occupation Description: Occupation Description:
Sheriffs execute and enforce court orders, warrants and writs, participate in seizure and sale of property and perform courtroom and other related duties. Bailiffs serve legal orders and documents, seize or repossess properties, evict tenants and perform other related activities. Sheriffs and bailiffs are employed by provincial or territorial courts, and bailiffs may be employed as officers of the court or in private service as agents for creditors. Sheriffs execute and enforce court orders, warrants and writs, participate in seizure and sale of property and perform courtroom and other related duties. Bailiffs serve legal orders and documents, seize or repossess properties, evict tenants and perform other related activities. Sheriffs and bailiffs are employed by provincial or territorial courts, and bailiffs may be employed as officers of the court or in private service as agents for creditors.

  • Click on any of the Essential Skills to view sample workplace tasks for this occupation.
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Table will display the Skill Level for the Noc specified
Essential Skills Essential Skills Levels
Reading Reading 1 2 3 4
Writing Writing 1 2 3
Document Use Document Use 1 2 3
Digital Technology Digital Technology 1 2
Oral Communication Oral Communication 1 2 3
Money Math Money Math 1 2 3
Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting 1 2
Measurement and Calculation Measurement and Calculation 1
Numerical Estimation Numerical Estimation 1 2 3
Job Task Planning and Organizing Job Task Planning and Organizing 1 2 3
Decision Making Decision Making 1 2 3
Problem Solving Problem Solving 1 2 3
Finding Information Finding Information 1 2 3


  • The skill levels represented in the above chart illustrate the full range of sample tasks performed by experienced workers and not individuals preparing for or entering this occupation for the first time.
  • Note that some occupational profiles do not include all Numeracy and Thinking Essential Skills.

If you would like to print a copy of the chart and sample tasks, click on the "Print Occupational Profile" button at the top of the page.


Reading
  • Read notes to receive instructions from clients. (1)
  • Read memos to obtain information on policies or procedures. (2)
  • Read Sheriff's Occurrence Reports to learn how to handle unusual incidents requiring the use of force. (3)
  • Read legal documents, such as court orders and writs of execution, to enforce them according to the court's directions. (3)
  • Read procedures manuals to obtain information on how to serve summonses and escort prisoners. (3)
  • Read and cross-reference multiple legislative documents, such as the Criminal Code and the Police Act, to ensure to be in conformance with them while performing duties such as seizing property or evicting tenants. (4)
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Writing
  • Maintain a log of activities to refer to when completing legal forms at a later date. (1)
  • Complete a wide variety of forms, such as notice of seizure and sale forms, to facilitate court-related business and maintain appropriate records. (2)
  • Write letters to investigators, updating them on the status of a witness, or to lawyers, describing the condition of a vehicle that was seized. (2)
  • Write a Sheriff's Occurrence Report to record the circumstances, sequence of events and actions taken with respect to unusual incidents, such as forcibly restraining a prisoner. (3)
  • Write reports to document all events and activities related to a case. These reports may be used at a later date if further legal action is taken. (3)
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Document Use
  • Read signage posted in court buildings and on roads and highways for directions. (1)
  • Complete an extensive variety of forms to maintain records, such as affidavits of service, notices of seizure, receipts for prisoners' effects and expense sheets. (2)
  • Read court schedules to know when to escort witnesses and fee schedules to determine the costs of actions. (2)
  • View pictures of people in order to recognize them when serving papers and view pictures of goods in order to identify items that will be seized. (2)
  • Interpret scale drawings, such as road maps to locate addresses. (2)
  • Read a variety of forms, such as arrest warrants, writs and juror certification forms, to process them. (3)
  • Read floor plans to determine the number of locks that must be changed to secure a building. (3)
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Digital Technology
  • Use bookkeeping, billing and accounting software. For example, prepare invoices to bill clients. (2)
  • Use communications software. For example, conduct on-line information searches to obtain information, such as property titles. (2)
  • Use word processing. For example, write letters to clients and write daily case reports. (2)
  • Use a database. For example, review a prisoner's profile information. (2)
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Oral Communication
  • Call out instructions when working with another officer or movers brought in to facilitate a seizure. (1)
  • Interact with prisoners or with accused to advise them on such matters as their rights, the reason for their arrest and where they are being taken. (2)
  • Speak to the supervisor regarding issues with witnesses or problems with a prisoner or courtroom. (2)
  • Communicate with co-workers and other officers to co-ordinate tasks, to share information on new events, cases or changes in procedures or to seek advice. (2)
  • Interact with lawyers, law clerks, prisoners, witnesses and the general public in courts to facilitate court proceeding. (2)
  • Interact with jury members to instruct them on court procedures, living arrangements and allowable expenses. (2)
  • Interact with the subjects of court orders to enforce court orders and serve writs, summonses and seizures of properties, explaining the legal procedures, consequences and respite time. (3)
  • Use tact in explaining seizure procedures to a tenant while trying to be sympathetic. Try to negotiate with an owner and tenant to find a compromise acceptable to both parties, avoiding seizing property if appropriate. (3)
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Money Math
  • Collect money from debtors, in lieu of seizing property, to enforce court-ordered seizures. (1)
  • Calculate expense claims, including mileage charges, and fees calculated as a percentage of the value of goods recovered. (3)
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Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting
  • Keep records of how many hours spent on each kind of duty. (1)
  • Prepare financial summaries of proceeds after the disposal of goods to detail the recoverable value. (2)
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Measurement and Calculation
  • Measure the dimensions of an item to verify that it is the item referred to in a writ. (1)
  • Count and record of the number of prisoners escorted daily, including the number of men, women and juveniles. (1)
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Numerical Estimation
  • Estimate the distance in kilometres to a property or location, using a road map. (1)
  • Estimate the distance that one person was from another when writing up a report of an incident in the court house. (1)
  • Estimate the cost of locating properties and making seizures, considering factors such as the time involved and the chances that the debtor will flee with the assets. (3)
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Job Task Planning and Organizing
  • Sheriffs and bailiffs establish their own daily work plans, considering the particular mix of cases in hand. Their work priorities are established with reference to the legal framework, which specifies time lines and procedures for various actions, and court schedules. They sequence their tasks for efficiency, responding to frequent disruptions, such as delays in locating a debtor, which necessitate a reprioritization of their work plan. Their work plans are closely linked to the schedules of provincial courts and prisons and to the activities of those who are being served court orders and writs or whose property is being seized. They co-ordinate with professionals, such as judges, lawyers and police officers, in performing their job tasks. (3)
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Decision Making
  • Decide whether a certain type of case merits calling for police protection as a matter of course. (1)
  • Decide what leads to follow when locating people to serve court orders. (2)
  • Decide what constitutes "reasonable conduct" in the eyes of the law to establish the parameters of authority, interpreting acts and regulations for guidance. (2)
  • Decide if police backup is needed for an eviction, considering an individual's character and prior record, or whether to call in police support when transporting prisoners, pending the approval of the supervisor. (3)
  • Decide whether to leave seized assets with a debtor or to remove them, considering the likelihood that the debtor will flee with the assets. (3)
  • Decide which assets to seize, considering the value of various items and the impact of removal of these items on the debtor's ability to earn an income. (3)
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Problem Solving
  • A van load of prisoners is delayed due to heavy traffic. Deal with prisoners' anger, allowing the prisoners out to stretch or use the bathroom only if it is safe to do so. (1)
  • There is a requirement to serve a summons to an individual who has been successful in avoiding them in the past. Develop plans to serve the summons, considering the individual's lifestyle patterns, and select the approach with the best chance of success. (2)
  • An institution refuses to accept an inmate who is being escorted because the paperwork is not correct. Try to find out who can provide the correct documents and, if this cannot be facilitated before nightfall, arrange for accommodation at another prison. (2)
  • A debtor's lawyer is attempting to stop the execution of a seizure. Debate the legalities of the writ, often verifying information with your own lawyer to ensure that you are in conformance with the intent of the law. (3)
  • Hostile behaviour is encountered from people being evicted from their homes. Attempt to prevent the confrontation from escalating by demonstrating sympathy while being forceful and call the police if violence breaks out. (3)
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Finding Information
  • Use phone books to locate and contact witnesses. (1)
  • Read catalogues, automobile pricing guides and auction brochures to assess the value of items to be seized. (2)
  • Network with informants and question people who are likely to know the individual named in a court document, such as employers and landlords, in order to track the person down. (3)
  • Read laws, acts and regulations and consult lawyers to stay abreast of changes and ensure that the law is followed in the performance of duties. (3)
  • Conduct research under the Personal Property Security Act, using on-line and CD ROM sources, to search for outstanding liens on cards, vehicle identification numbers, phone numbers and property title information. (3)
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