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NOC Code: NOC Code: 7203 Occupation: Contractors and supervisors, pipefitting trades
Occupation Description: Occupation Description:
This unit group includes plumbing and other pipefitting trade contractors who own and operate their own businesses. This group also includes supervisors who supervise and co-ordinate the activities of workers classified in the following unit groups: Plumbers (7251), Steamfitters, Pipefitters and Sprinkler System Installers (7252) and Gas Fitters (7253). They are employed by construction companies, mechanical, plumbing and pipefitting trade contractors and maintenance departments of industrial, commercial and manufacturing establishments. This unit group includes plumbing and other pipefitting trade contractors who own and operate their own businesses. This group also includes supervisors who supervise and co-ordinate the activities of workers classified in the following unit groups: Plumbers (7251), Steamfitters, Pipefitters and Sprinkler System Installers (7252) and Gas Fitters (7253). They are employed by construction companies, mechanical, plumbing and pipefitting trade contractors and maintenance departments of industrial, commercial and manufacturing establishments.

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Table will display the Skill Level for the Noc specified
Essential Skills Essential Skills Levels
Reading Reading 1 2 3 4
Writing Writing 1 2 3
Document Use Document Use 1 2 3 4
Digital Technology Digital Technology 1 2 3
Oral Communication Oral Communication 1 2 3
Money Math Money Math 1 2
Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting 1 2 3
Measurement and Calculation Measurement and Calculation 1 2 3 4
Data Analysis Data Analysis 1 2
Numerical Estimation Numerical Estimation 1 2 3
Job Task Planning and Organizing Job Task Planning and Organizing 1 2 3
Decision Making Decision Making 1 2 3
Problem Solving Problem Solving 1 2 3
Finding Information Finding Information 1 2 3
Critical Thinking Critical Thinking 1 2 3 4


  • The skill levels represented in the above chart illustrate the full range of sample tasks performed by experienced workers and not individuals preparing for or entering this occupation for the first time.
  • Note that some occupational profiles do not include all Numeracy and Thinking Essential Skills.

If you would like to print a copy of the chart and sample tasks, click on the "Print Occupational Profile" button at the top of the page.


Reading
  • Read instructions and comments on work orders. (1)
  • Read warnings, instructions and emergency procedures on Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System labels and Material Safety Data Sheets prior to handling chemicals and other hazardous materials. (2)
  • Read email about ongoing work sent by general contractors, architects, other tradespeople and clients. For example, scan shorter email which confirm timelines and read longer messages describing details of design changes. (2)
  • Read company policy manuals. For example, a supervisor may read manuals on general health and safety on construction worksites to make sure employees are adhering to company guidelines for operations, health and safety. (3)
  • Interpret lengthy text in union collective agreements to ensure you are following proper protocols for dealing with workers you supervise. (3)
  • Read training materials for courses such as first aid, workplace safety, transportation of dangerous goods and confined space entry. Read to learn and apply the information to the supervision of other tradespeople. (3)
  • Read equipment manuals, installation instructions, troubleshooting guides and operations manuals when installing, troubleshooting or repairing equipment. Frequently read text which expand upon or explain technical details found in corresponding tables, graphs, schematics and diagrams. (3)
  • Read trade publications and magazines to learn about new mechanical equipment and supplies for the pipefitting industry. (3)
  • Read and interpret national and provincial codebooks, legislative acts and updates. For example, use specialized trade knowledge to interpret and apply information from the National Plumbing Code, the National Fire Code of Canada and the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Act to a variety of pipe installations and repair jobs. (4)
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Writing
  • Write brief notes in logbooks and work orders to keep track of project details. Note requests, changes, deficiencies and other problems that require follow-up actions. (1)
  • Write inspection, incident and quality assurance reports using templates with sections to describe the nature of the deficiencies, incidents or substandard installations, corrective actions taken and recommendations. Be accurate and factual as these reports can be used for insurance claims and legal proceedings. For example, write emergency response reports describing measures taken to respond to burst water pipes or leaking gas mains. (2)
  • Write email to co-workers, clients and suppliers. For example, notify building managers about interruptions in water supply for repairs and scheduled maintenance. (2)
  • Take minutes of toolbox meetings to record items discussed and safety topics covered. (2)
  • Write annual employee reviews that include information about work performance, objectives for skill development and suggested training measures. (3)
  • Write and edit training materials for technical skill development and occupational health and safety. For example, develop training curriculum, related handouts and tests for pipe installations, drainage systems and emergency response to pipe leaks. (3)
  • Prepare contract proposals and work plans. Outline the scope of work, proposed actions, timelines for completion and contractors' qualifications. (3)
  • Write administrative and safety policies and procedures. For example, write policies and procedures which cover professional conduct, workplace safety and emergency response measures. (3)
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Document Use
  • Take information from tables and lists. For example, scan lists for information about materials and supplies, cut lengths, deficiencies, part recalls and employees' phone numbers and navigate tables to find job specifications, part dimensions, decompression times and other technical data. (1)
  • Complete checklists to organize inventory, assess safety hazards and orient new employees. For example, tick employee orientation checklists to make sure they have covered all elements of safety training. (1)
  • Look at the labels on parts to identify material composition, sizes, types, capacities and product numbers. For example, scan part labels to locate model numbers corresponding to those on supply orders and invoices. (1)
  • Read safety and warning signs posted around construction sites and drilling zones and on pipe systems and mechanical parts. For example, plumbing supervisors read signs that caution against depressurizing and draining piping systems prior to the removal of specified parts. (2)
  • Complete reporting forms such as work orders, change orders, daily timesheets, expense, equipment rental, incident report, and quality assurance forms and inspection certificates. For example, record data such as locations, models numbers, capacities and pressures on reporting forms. (2)
  • Interpret data presented in graphs such as stress graphs and pump curves. (3)
  • Analyze x-ray images of pipe welds to ensure meeting industry standards for quality and durability. Examine radiographs to identify various defects such as porosity, inclusions, cracks and lack of fusion and penetration. (3)
  • Take information from detailed engineering and architectural drawings for facilities and equipment. For example, analyze construction drawings to determine pipe routes. (4)
  • Scan detailed schematics of piping systems to understand the function of components and the flow of fluids through the system. For example, examine schematics of sprinkler systems to identify supply and control points. (4)
  • Interpret complex assembly diagrams of equipment when troubleshooting mechanical faults and failures. (4)
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Digital Technology
  • Use Internet search engines and hyperlinks to look for information about tools and equipment, pipe and other materials, legislation, training and business news. (2)
  • Use word processing to write reports, draft content for contract bids and update policies and procedures. Use templates to minimize text editing and formatting. (2)
  • Use established database programs to enter and track inventory data. (2)
  • Send email with attachments such as supply lists, quotes and reports to suppliers, co-workers and clients. (2)
  • Use spreadsheets to collect and organize project data and to create schedules, material lists and budgets. (3)
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Oral Communication
  • Provide information about employee timesheets and material orders to accountants. (1)
  • Interact with managers to discuss the status of ongoing work orders and review details of upcoming jobs. (2)
  • Interact with building owners or managers, suppliers, contractors and other tradespeople to discuss job specifications, order materials, negotiate terms and conditions and resolve discrepancies with scheduling and pricing. (2)
  • Communicate with inspectors, insurance company representatives and other regulators to co-ordinate inspections, discuss design changes and negotiate code deviations. (2)
  • Talk to union representatives about work assignments, contracts, grievances, recruitment and training. (2)
  • Discuss job specifications and design modifications with design engineers, architects and draftspeople. (3)
  • Lead toolbox safety meetings with work crews to discuss health and safety and administrative matters. Facilitate safety and mechanical training for employees and other tradespeople. (3)
  • Interact regularly with the plumbers and pipefitters you supervise. Assign tasks, discuss job specifications, resolve interpersonal disputes and discuss workers' performance. (3)
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Money Math
  • Purchase pipefitting materials and supplies using cash or company credit lines. (1)
  • Prepare expense claims by calculating mileage expenses and meal reimbursements at rates specified in collective agreements and company policies. (2)
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Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting
  • Schedule tasks for large work crews of tradespeople, apprentices and helpers. Adjust schedules frequently to accommodate emergencies, employee absences, design changes and delays. Schedule multiple projects simultaneously to maximize efficiency. (2)
  • Set timetables and schedules for the shutdown, repair, overhaul and start-up of mechanical systems. Make adjustments to schedules to accommodate delays and design changes. (2)
  • Create budgets for construction, repair and refurbishing of piping systems. Include costs of equipment rentals and material, labour and subcontractors, and profit mark-ups. Monitor budgets in order to identify cost overruns and surpluses. (3)
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Measurement and Calculation
  • Calculate pipe cut lengths. For example, calculate cut lengths of travel sections by subtracting the measure back distances from travel distances. (2)
  • Calculate additive amounts for solutions such as antifreeze. Calculate volumes as a function of internal pipe diameter and length, and then use proportional calculations to scale ratio amounts. For example, a supervisor of sprinkler system installers calculates the total volume of a pipe system in cubic feet and then uses a glycol water ratio to calculate the volume of antifreeze that is needed. (3)
  • Calculate design specifications such as flow rates, pressures and capacities for piping systems. For example, a plumbing contractor calculates the flow volume of ten faucets running at a gallon per minute per tap to determine the required drain hole size. (3)
  • Use trigonometry to calculate distances for offsets, including rolling ones. (4)
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Data Analysis
  • Compare supply shipments quantities and dimensions to material lists and identify shortages and overages. For instance, compare actual measurements to dimensions on scale drawings to verify that design specifications have been met. (1)
  • Analyze flow measurements and pressure test results at varying temperatures and over time to confirm that mechanical systems meet code requirements and design specifications. Fluctuations over time may indicate defects such as leaks. (2)
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Numerical Estimation
  • Estimate material quantities for piping installation and repair jobs. (2)
  • Estimate times required for rough-ins and finishing work to co-ordinate work schedules and establish project timelines. To avoid costly down time, build in extra time to accommodate delays that may occur due to bad weather, unforeseen mechanical problems and supply shortages. (3)
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Job Task Planning and Organizing
  • Supervisors and contractors of pipefitting trades plan and organize their own activities to respond to work orders and daily demands from clients, co-workers and other trades' contractors. The work is fast paced and they often juggle several projects at once. Interruptions are frequent and they must be prepared to rearrange job tasks to accommodate emergencies, delays or new project developments. Supervisors and contractors of pipefitting trades organize projects that sometimes require large crew. They co-ordinate scheduling for and delegate tasks to tradespersons under their supervision. They may also plan scheduled maintenance shutdowns that affect numerous people and participate in organizational planning for contract bids. (3)
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Decision Making
  • Select suppliers and subcontractors. Since the success of projects depends on timely deliveries and job completions, consider the competence and dependability of all sub-trades, contractors and suppliers before entering into agreements or contracts. Long lead times may make it difficult to change suppliers for some materials such as pre-fabricated piping assemblies or large pressure vessels. Many companies employ qualifying processes for suppliers and demand performance bonds. (2)
  • Decide which pipefitters and subcontractors to hire. Consider the applicants' experiences, job skills, interview presentations, references and availability. (2)
  • Select pipes, fittings and related hardware to suit usage, environmental conditions and regulatory code requirements. If the wrong materials are used such as aluminium instead of copper pipes, the materials could corrode prematurely or pose unnecessary safety risks. (2)
  • Delegate task assignments to crew members. Consider their qualifications, skills, speed and suitability for project needs. (2)
  • Decide to shut down equipment or call for emergency services to prevent damage to facilities or injury to workers. Rely on your knowledge of health and safety policies and procedures to make quick decisions. (3)
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Problem Solving
  • Find discrepancies between supply orders and shipments from suppliers. Contact supply representatives to report errors, reconfirm orders, and negotiate quick deliveries to minimize lost time. (2)
  • Face staff shortages when employees are absent or work demands exceed the supply of skilled tradespeople. Subcontract work to independent tradespeople or employees from other companies to cover the shortages or reschedule mechanical work for other times. (2)
  • Encounter unexpected obstructions or interference from other mechanical systems and building structures that are not specified in building plans. Re-route piping and document changes to building plans. If there are major changes, seek authorization prior to making adjustments and ensure that all changes comply with building and fire protection codes. (2)
  • Receive work orders to install pipe systems in poorly or partially constructed buildings that pose safety risks for workers. Review safety procedures with employees and equip them with devices and protective equipment to minimize risks. For example, equip workers with safety harnesses to work in tall buildings that are only partially completed. If the risks are too high, delay or cancel work orders as appropriate. (2)
  • Face emergencies due to mechanical failures such as burst pipes or faulty equipment. For example, if a potable water system is leaking, a plumbing contractor may isolate the leaking sections of the system and examine them to identify faulty valves or fractures in pipes. The contractor organizes repairs of the system as quickly as possible and, if flooding has occurred, coordinates clean-up the affected areas, reports the incident to the client and documents all response measures. (3)
  • Some employees produce sloppy work and exhibit performance deficiencies such as chronic absenteeism and lack of motivation. Meet these employees to review their performance, provide feedback and clarify work expectations. Document the deficiencies and, if they persist, take disciplinary actions. (3)
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Finding Information
  • Consult suppliers, manufacturers, co-workers, equipment manuals, specification sheets and trade handbooks such as the Plumber's Handbook to get technical information and data about the installation, repair and maintenance of piping systems. (2)
  • Draw on information from company policies, codebooks and other regulatory documents such as Technical Standards and Safety Act, Natural Fire Prevention Code and Transportation of Dangerous Goods guidelines to ensure employees are following proper health and safety procedures and that mechanical work meets legislative requirements. (3)
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Critical Thinking
  • Judge the quality of piping installation and repairs. Examine the accuracy of measurements and compare them to job specifications and industry standards. For example, examine the grades of trenches, lengths and angles of pipes and durability of welds. Consider pressure test results and assess the overall tidiness of the mechanical work to make sure it is neat, level and square. Information may also be solicited from fire inspectors, regulators and clients to assess their degree of satisfaction with the company's work. (3)
  • Evaluate the job performance of journeypersons and apprentices. Assess their mechanical and interpersonal skills by inspecting the quality of their mechanical work, observing their behaviours and interactions with others, and soliciting feedback from other employees and supervisors. Use this information to assign tasks, provide constructive feedback and identify competency areas for training and skill development. (3)
  • Assess the suitability of locations and routes for piping systems to minimize space requirements and maximize flow efficiencies. Examine design plans and compare the measurements to actual building and ground structures to assess the need for modifications. Analyze ground slopes, structural angles and pipe drops to identify the most suitable locations for installing equipment and recommend changes to the designs. (3)
  • Evaluate the safety of workplaces and practices. Examine building structures, electrical systems and gas or chemical compounds present on site to identify fire and safety hazards. Inspect fire alarm systems, extinguishers and other safety measures including staff protective equipment and first aid supplies to ensure the sites are adequately equipped to respond to emergencies. Compare observations to health and safety policies and standards before authorizing work to proceed. Supervisors of sprinkler systems and gas fitters may also recommend changes to fire protection equipment and practices that will reduce fire risks and improve workplace safety. Errors in judgement can pose significant risks to employees and surrounding people onsite. (4)
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