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NOC Code: NOC Code: 7204 Occupation: Contractors and supervisors, carpentry trades
Occupation Description: Occupation Description:
This unit group includes carpentry and cabinetmaking trade contractors who own and operate their own businesses. This group also includes supervisors who supervise and co-ordinate the activities of workers classified in the following unit groups: Carpenters (7271) and Cabinetmakers (7272). They are employed by construction companies, carpentry contractors, maintenance departments of industrial establishments, and custom furniture and fixture manufacturing or repair companies. This unit group includes carpentry and cabinetmaking trade contractors who own and operate their own businesses. This group also includes supervisors who supervise and co-ordinate the activities of workers classified in the following unit groups: Carpenters (7271) and Cabinetmakers (7272). They are employed by construction companies, carpentry contractors, maintenance departments of industrial establishments, and custom furniture and fixture manufacturing or repair companies.

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Table will display the Skill Level for the Noc specified
Essential Skills Essential Skills Levels
Reading Reading 1 2 3 4
Writing Writing 1 2 3
Document Use Document Use 1 2 3 4
Digital Technology Digital Technology 1 2 3
Oral Communication Oral Communication 1 2 3
Money Math Money Math 1 2 3
Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting 1 2 3 4
Measurement and Calculation Measurement and Calculation 1 2 3 4 5
Data Analysis Data Analysis 1 2 3
Numerical Estimation Numerical Estimation 1 2
Job Task Planning and Organizing Job Task Planning and Organizing 1 2 3
Decision Making Decision Making 1 2 3
Problem Solving Problem Solving 1 2 3
Finding Information Finding Information 1 2
Critical Thinking Critical Thinking 1 2 3 4

  • The skill levels represented in the above chart illustrate the full range of sample tasks performed by experienced workers and not individuals preparing for or entering this occupation for the first time.
  • Note that some occupational profiles do not include all Numeracy and Thinking Essential Skills.

If you would like to print a copy of the chart and sample tasks, click on the "Print Occupational Profile" button at the top of the page.

  • Read instructions and safety warnings on signs and labels. For example, read application instructions on glue and paint container labels and operating procedures on tools and equipment. (1)
  • Read email and notes from employees, suppliers, colleagues and clients. For example, read instructions on work orders and job files. Read email from building managers and clients requesting progress reports and from suppliers to learn about products. Scan email from architects to understand revisions to designs. (2)
  • Read progress reports for construction projects. Scan the reports to review and track activities and difficulties such as delayed work schedules and faulty construction. (Supervisors, carpentry trades) (2)
  • Read about new design trends, technological developments and construction procedures in trade magazines. For example, read about the latest home design trends in Fine Home Builders magazine and energy efficient construction in Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation's Research Highlights. (3)
  • Read technical reports and requests for quotes. Review quote requests to determine the scope of jobs and timelines and budgets. Read engineers', architects' and environmental consultants' reports to understand special procedures, materials and features that might affect timelines and costs. (3)
  • Read product reviews and manufacturers' brochures for products such as structural sheathing. Read about the advantages and disadvantages of products to choose products that fit clients' needs. (3)
  • Read assembly and operating manuals. Read assembly manuals to learn how to install items such as cabinet hardware, fireplace surrounds and garbage compacters. Read operating manuals to follow set-up and operation procedures of construction equipment and tools. (3)
  • Read and interpret a variety of construction, safety and environmental codes, regulations and addenda. For example, read building codes to understand construction methods and material requirements. Read occupational health and safety acts to learn about and follow worksite safety and labour practices. If you fail to correctly interpret codes and regulations, you may lose time and money and increase the risk of accidents and faulty construction. (4)
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  • Write brief notes on workplace forms. For example, write instructions for unusual installations and construction modifications on work orders. Indicate errors, omissions and modifications needed on drawings. (1)
  • Write comments in personal logs and daybooks. For example, record key points of discussions with employees, suppliers, subcontractors and clients. (1)
  • Write descriptions and explanations on forms. For example, describe incidents and accidents on health and safety forms. Write notes on maintenance and inspection forms to record concerns and to describe structural, installation and hardware faults. (2)
  • Write notes and email to engineers, architects, clients, subcontractors and site managers. For example, write comments to express concerns about construction methods and materials. Suggest alternatives for materials and supplies which are unavailable. Supervisors, carpentry trades, write notes for their managers describing safety breaches, delays and maintenance requirements. (2)
  • Prepare short reports for managers. Write daily and weekly summaries outlining projects' progress and describing events, difficulties and delays. (Supervisors, carpentry trades) (3)
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Document Use
  • Scan signs and labels. For example, observe warning signs for high voltages and overhead electrical lines. When working with hazardous materials, scan Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System labels for hazard icons and risk phrases. Obtain specific information such as material and product codes from labels and tags. (1)
  • Review assembly drawings to locate assembly sequences and procedures for installation of hardware such as garbage disposal units, garage door openers, gas fireplaces, and cabinets. (2)
  • Locate data on tracking and quality control forms. For example, locate product codes, material quantities and completion dates on work orders. Scan inspection and hazard reports to gather details about infractions and deficiencies. Contractors review employees' timesheets to monitor hours worked. (2)
  • Locate data in lists and tables. For example, locate sizes and quantities for wood in material cutting lists. Locate measurements, clearances, maximum loads and product applications in construction specifications and building code tables. Locate prices on costing and rate tables. Scan bill of material lists to verify quantities. (2)
  • Take data from a variety of graphs. For example, examine line graphs of hours worked and costs incurred. Interpret the graphs to identify patterns such as increased labour costs. (3)
  • Locate dimensions, elevations and other data on a variety of construction drawings. For example, identify the characteristics of structures such as walls, foundations and floors and locations of fixtures, supports and openings. (3)
  • Review construction drawings to understand the overall design of structures and to locate features such as access points to determine where to place materials and equipment. (3)
  • Complete tracking and quality control forms by entering scheduling, budgeting and operational data from forms such as financial and work progress reports. For example, complete work summaries to track work completed, dates, times, locations, materials used and costs. (3)
  • Interpret sets of drawings in conjunction with specifications to understand construction sequences. Review drawings to evaluate for errors, omissions and congruence between dimensions, elevations and other features. (4)
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Digital Technology
  • Enter and retrieve information about current projects from the company's databases. (Supervisors, carpentry trades) (2)
  • Use computer and software applications. For example, use project planning software such as Project to create critical path diagrams and schedules. (2)
  • Use word processing programs such as Word to write, edit and format letters, reports and administrative forms. Lay out pages and insert tables, pictures, graphs and drawings as required. (3)
  • Use computer-assisted design, manufacturing and machining. For example, use a variety of drawing programs such as AutoCAD to create designs and detailed drawings for constructing structures, installations, fixtures and furniture. Model three dimensional views using perspective, lighting and textures. (3)
  • Use bookkeeping, billing and accounting software. For example, use financial software such as Simply Accounting and Quicken to create, monitor and update financial reports and budgets. Create tables and embed calculation formulae to update financial data. (3)
  • Carry out Internet searches for construction information and data such as building codes, construction procedures and methods. Access, upload and download drawings and specifications using file transfer protocol. (3)
  • Use spreadsheet programs such as Excel to create and modify budgets and construction schedules. Insert formulae and generate tables and graphs to display cash flows and materials costs. Use formatting features to embed formulae to link columns, rows, cells and pages. (3)
  • Use email to send and receive messages and attachments. Maintain distribution lists and use features such as calendars, spell checks, alarms and 'out of office' email messages. (3)
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Oral Communication
  • Discuss construction details with technical experts such as architects, engineers and specialty subcontractors to learn about specific building methods and sequences, materials and building requirements. (2)
  • Lead worksite and safety meetings. Lead discussions on topics such as task assignments, project timelines and health and safety. (2)
  • Speak with managers to provide project updates and seek advice for handling situations such as unavailable and faulty materials and products, labour problems and project delays. Discuss task assignments and receive instructions for construction methods and equipment maintenance. (Supervisors, carpentry trades) (3)
  • Negotiate working conditions, costs, quality standards and schedules with suppliers and subcontractors. For example, discuss work schedules, task integration and shared resources with subcontractors. Negotiate prices and delivery times and outline quality expectations for supplies, materials and services. (3)
  • Speak to building and labour board inspectors. Discuss code violations, review failed inspections and negotiate completion dates and processes for eliminating defects and code infractions. Discuss reasons for choosing particular methods and outline why you think these methods comply with codes and regulations. (3)
  • Discuss carpentry projects with clients. Provide project updates, discuss changes to design features and materials and seek approvals for modifications of designs. (3)
  • Discuss ongoing work with the carpenters and labourers you employ and supervise. For example, discuss regulations, building codes, work assignments and completion dates. Provide instructions for completing tasks such as laying patterned carpets and constructing crown moulding. Give reasons for choosing particular materials and methods. Provide ongoing directions for the sequencing of tasks, the operation of equipment and tools and other details needed to complete construction activities. (3)
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Money Math
  • Calculate and verify invoice amounts. Calculate billing amounts using hourly rates for labour and equipment, apply discounts and mark-ups and add taxes. (3)
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Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting
  • Calculate costs for job quotes. Calculate labour costs using hourly rates. Calculate costs for materials by area, volume and weight. (2)
  • Complete cost analyses for construction equipment, tools and materials. Determine best value by comparing options such as renting, leasing and purchasing. (3)
  • Prepare payrolls. Calculate gross pay using hourly rates. Deduct amounts for taxes and benefits received. Calculate tax, employment insurance and pension plan submissions. (Contractors, carpentry trades) (3)
  • Schedule sequences of activities for construction and maintenance projects which can range from several days to weeks. Establish timelines and set sequences of activities for small work crews. (3)
  • Establish and monitor schedules for large construction projects. Establish schedules and determine activities and timelines for crews, consultants and subcontractors. Adjust schedules to maintain project timelines when subcontractors, materials and equipment are not available and unforeseen conditions and situations cause delays. (Contractors, carpentry trades) (4)
  • Create and monitor budgets and prepare financial summaries for construction projects. Incorporate costs for human resources, overhead, materials, equipment and subcontractors. Include additional costs for difficult construction features. Monitor expenses and adjust budget amounts to accommodate unexpected delays and costs. (4)
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Measurement and Calculation
  • Take measurements using rulers and tapes. For example, confirm the placement of structural components and installations by measuring depths, heights and widths. (1)
  • Prepare solutions and mixtures. For example, set up proportional calculations to determine quantities for paint and glaze mixtures. (2)
  • Calculate and verify the dimensions and placement of structures and installations using measurements from scale drawings. For example, calculate distances between floor joists and location of cabinets when additional dimensions are required to complete construction. Calculate depths, heights and widths. (2)
  • Calculate areas of floors and walls, volumes of rooms and angles and dimensions for construction features such as stairs, ramps and vaulted ceilings. For example, calculate the slope angle of rafters. Calculate the length of ramps using specified slopes and heights as factors. (3)
  • Calculate material quantities using geometric construction methods. For example, calculate the areas of irregularly shaped floors and flooring designs and curved walls to determine the construction and finishing materials needed. (4)
  • Calculate sizes, distances and angles for complex structures. For example, calculate the dimensions and cutting angles for rafters, ramps, stairs, bay windows and vaulted ceilings. Calculate the dimensions of structural design features such as offsets, spirals and ovals. (5)
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Data Analysis
  • Compare measurements to specifications to ensure that structures such as walls, foundations, joists, beams and cabinets have been constructed properly. (1)
  • Review productivity and safety data from timesheets, payroll records, supplier invoices and other documents in order to identify problems and trends. For example, compare safety incidents over time in order to identify priorities for safety training. (3)
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Numerical Estimation
  • Estimate times required for carpentry jobs. Consider factors such as the complexity and size of projects, expected weather during construction and specific design features. Consider special equipment, tools, materials and trade experts required to complete the projects. (2)
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Job Task Planning and Organizing
  • Contractors and supervisors, carpentry trades, have similar job task planning and organizing requirements. However, supervisors receive their job assignments from their managers and contractors select and organize their own jobs. They often amend their schedules to accommodate the changing needs of clients and to deal with situations as they arise such as unavailability of supplies, employees and subcontractors. When ordering job tasks they consider safety, job urgency and project deadlines. Contractors and supervisors, carpentry trades, are responsible for defining the jobs, duties and work schedules of carpenters, apprentices, labourers, subcontractors and equipment operators. When working with apprentices, they assign particular tasks to provide a variety of work experiences to meet training plan requirements. Supervisors' seniorities determine their levels of responsibilities for planning and organizing crews and subcontractors. (3)
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Decision Making
  • Choose work assignments for carpenters and labourers. Consider the complexities of jobs and match jobs' requirements to employees' skills, attitudes and job experiences. When choosing work for apprentices, consider their individual training plans, tasks they have previously completed, their skills and the availability of suitable supervision. (2)
  • Choose construction methods. For example, add strapping to existing frames when renovating older homes to minimize screws from popping out of drywall. (2)
  • Select construction designs and materials which fit clients' expectations and requirements for cost, aesthetics and functionality. For example, on a residential construction job, a contractor may choose to install more expensive handrails only on main floor staircases to save money. (2)
  • Decide to bid on or accept construction contracts. Consider the types and sizes of jobs, projects' timelines, labour and equipment availabilities and clients' expectations and attitudes. For example, you may refuse jobs when project timelines and budget expectations are unrealistic. (Contractors, carpentry trades) (3)
  • Select equipment, tools, building materials, suppliers and contractors. Consider price, quality, ease of use, capabilities and personal tastes when purchasing tools and equipment. When choosing suppliers and materials such as framing products and paints, consider the products' intended applications, brand names, quality, costs and past experiences. (3)
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Problem Solving
  • Receive products that are defective or improperly sized. Cut products to size and send others back to suppliers for replacement. In some cases, clients' approval is required for these modifications and returns. (1)
  • Encounter physical obstructions which delay construction projects. For example, planned equipment such as cranes cannot be used due to traffic congestion and narrow access roads. Use smaller, less efficient cranes and lifts as alternatives. Speak with clients to explain unforeseen situations and may negotiate revised costs and completion times. (Contractors, carpentry trades) (2)
  • Encounter clients who have unrealistic expectations and who lack knowledge of construction costs, products and designs. For example, contractors may find clients envision buildings that costs far more than the proposed budget. Contractors may prepare design reports to increase clients' understanding and persuade them to modify designs or put additional resources towards the projects. (3)
  • Projects are falling behind schedules. For example, find that carpenters have failed to meet productivity targets and material and subcontractors are late or not available. Options include finding alternative suppliers, subcontractors and materials, modifying carpenters' duties and increasing monitoring of their activities and providing additional training. Penalties may be imposed upon subcontractors if this is structured into their contracts. (3)
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Finding Information
  • Find information about products and construction procedures. For example, speak with engineers, trade specialists and supply and manufacturing representatives about new caulking compounds and vapour barriers and their applications. Read articles in trade publications for details of new construction methods. (2)
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Critical Thinking
  • Judge the suitability of carpenters and labourers when hiring and assigning tasks. Review the résumés and training plans of job applicants. Consider personal observations and experiences with the workers you employ and supervise. (2)
  • Judge the safety of work sites. Verify work sites meet safety criteria such as freedom from mechanical, electrical and chemical hazards, cleanliness, adequate safety barriers and warning signage, controlled traffic flows and proper equipment placements. (2)
  • Assess the suitability of construction materials and products. Consult with engineers and scan codebooks to establish criteria with which to assess limitations, capacities and properties. Review technical papers, read product reviews and speak with suppliers to learn about different products. (3)
  • Evaluate the quality and acceptability of construction designs and completed structures. Identify relevant criteria such as building code requirements, the organizations' standards and clients' specifications. Check to see that designs meet criteria for aesthetics, functionality, stability and safety. Take measurements and complete visual inspections to assess the neatness and finish of completed structures. (4)
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