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NOC Code: NOC Code: 7235 Occupation: Structural metal and platework fabricators and fitters
Occupation Description: Occupation Description:
Structural metal and platework fabricators and fitters fabricate, assemble, fit and install steel or other metal components for buildings, bridges, tanks, towers, boilers, pressure vessels and other similar structures and products. They are employed in structural steel, boiler and platework fabrication plants and by heavy machinery manufacturing and shipbuilding companies.  Structural metal and platework fabricators and fitters fabricate, assemble, fit and install steel or other metal components for buildings, bridges, tanks, towers, boilers, pressure vessels and other similar structures and products. They are employed in structural steel, boiler and platework fabrication plants and by heavy machinery manufacturing and shipbuilding companies. 

  • Click on any of the Essential Skills to view sample workplace tasks for this occupation.
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Table will display the Skill Level for the Noc specified
Essential Skills Essential Skills Levels
Reading Reading 1 2 3
Writing Writing 1 2 3
Document Use Document Use 1 2 3 4 5
Digital Technology Digital Technology 1
Oral Communication Oral Communication 1 2 3
Money Math Money Math 1 2
Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting 1 2
Measurement and Calculation Measurement and Calculation 1 2 3 4 5
Data Analysis Data Analysis 1 2
Numerical Estimation Numerical Estimation 1 2
Job Task Planning and Organizing Job Task Planning and Organizing 1 2 3
Decision Making Decision Making 1 2 3
Problem Solving Problem Solving 1 2 3
Finding Information Finding Information 1 2


  • The skill levels represented in the above chart illustrate the full range of sample tasks performed by experienced workers and not individuals preparing for or entering this occupation for the first time.
  • Note that some occupational profiles do not include all Numeracy and Thinking Essential Skills.

If you would like to print a copy of the chart and sample tasks, click on the "Print Occupational Profile" button at the top of the page.


Reading
  • Read notes left by the shop foreman or supervisor with orders for the day. (1)
  • Read notes from previous shifts detailing what was done on the shift, where the job stopped and if there were any problems with machines or work stoppages for other reasons. (1)
  • Read company specific procedures which give instructions about machine processes to be used for particular jobs. (2)
  • Scan Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) labels for information about safe handling of dangerous products. (2)
  • Read routine notes, memos and notices about safety practices. (2)
  • Read metal handbook for information on properties of different metals to ensure that the proper tools, saws, heat levels are used for cutting and shaping the steel. (3)
  • Read trade magazines on techniques, products and equipment. (3)
  • Read orientation manuals when training new workers. (3)
  • Refer to Materials Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) to find out what personal protective equipment is required before using potentially dangerous products. (3)
  • Read operational manuals for the use of various tools and equipment in the shop. (3)
  • Read training manuals when acquiring or renewing tickets or safety certifications such as Canadian Welding Bureau Codes and First Aid manuals. (3)
  • Read manuals to make repairs and adjustments to metal fabricating and fitting equipment. (3)
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Writing
  • Write notes on fabrication components for co-workers and other trades. (1)
  • Complete production forms regarding hours worked and work completed. (1)
  • Write reminder notes to keep track of materials and equipment required for the next day. (1)
  • Write notes to supervisors to record production problems or recommending design adjustments for production components, such as roof trusses, attachment of joists or angle irons. (2)
  • Write notes to supervisors regarding needed clarification in the blueprint drawings with brief explanation of the problem. (2)
  • Write quality assurance reports with reference to inspection or non-conformance. (2)
  • Write reports for accident or incident investigations. (3)
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Document Use
  • Read thermometer for pre-heat, inter-pass and post heat temperature of steel for typical welding operations. (1)
  • Read and transfer heat numbers to track cut materials for Quality Control (QC). (1)
  • Complete machine maintenance check lists. (1)
  • Read and match mill test certificates to materials and job numbers to ensure that the right material is used for the job. (2)
  • Complete production cards indicating length of time it took to complete a job and reasons for delays. (2)
  • Obtain information from sketches or instruction cards and read assembly drawings to determine how to put the parts together. (2)
  • Read shipping and receiving bills to obtain information about the quantity of materials ordered and the quantity received. (2)
  • Read work orders and lists to obtain information such as the steel specifications, the quantity and dimensions of pieces required for a particular job. (2)
  • Interpret sketches drawn by customers or co-workers. (2)
  • Read Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) labels on dangerous products which include information about chemical composition, warnings and instructions about what to do in an emergency. (2)
  • Obtain information from blueprint documents containing symbols, abbreviations and references to other documents to determine running dimensions, hole spacing, size of bolts, degree of angles, and left/right orientation of structures. (3)
  • Interpret blueprints to determine how the steel should be cut and assembled by integrating plan views, elevations and sections drawings as well as synthesizing information from other prints about adjacent components of the fabrication. (5)
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Digital Technology
  • Enter digital codes for Computer Numeric Control (CNC) press brakes or cutting tables. (1)
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Oral Communication
  • Receive information about arrival of shipments from office staff. (1)
  • Interact with co-workers individually or in a group setting to clarify work orders or instructions from supervisor. (1)
  • Interact with supervisors to provide production progress reports. (2)
  • Discuss work flow and exchange suggestions with co-workers on work processes or techniques. (2)
  • Communicate with supervisors or draftspersons to discuss production design problems and provide alternatives or suggestions for improving the process. (2)
  • Instruct apprentices in the fabricating processes and use of equipment. (2)
  • Interact with other workers, for example, welders and machine operators to discuss equipment needs or problems or to co-ordinate shared access to equipment. (2)
  • Interact with equipment suppliers regarding the maintenance and repair of equipment such as saws, plate rolls, hydraulic benders, press brakes and plate shears. (2)
  • Respond to customer inquiries about possible fabrication projects, associated costs and timelines for completion. (2)
  • Interact with co-workers in the capacity of shop supervisor or lead hand and assist workers with less experience. (3)
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Money Math
  • Take payment for a small job and provide change. (1)
  • Prepare a sales slip for customers charging out labour at an hourly rate and materials by the linear metre or unit price. (2)
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Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting
  • Read blueprints, calculate quantities, check inventory and order materials taking into consideration requirements for concurrent jobs. (2)
  • Evaluate several types of chain used for belts in a customer's plant. Consider the cost of assembly, expected life of the chain and cost of replacement, taking into account lost productivity during shutdowns. (2)
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Measurement and Calculation
  • Measure dimensions, such as thickness and length of components and calculate the hole spacing as specified in blueprints. (2)
  • Take a number of measurements and perform calculations to ensure compliance with blueprint specifications. (2)
  • Prepare a jig or pattern for making multiple items efficiently by calculating outside measurements. (3)
  • Use Imperial and SI tapes on a continuous basis to measure for fabrication or fitting to specification. Interpreting from detail drawings, cut lists or existing structures, determine correct sizes and fit for numerous components in regular and irregular lengths and shapes. Tolerances are commonly to 1/32 inch. (4)
  • Prepare cut lists by interpreting detail drawings or existing structures to determine quantities of various metal types. Listing items to cut increases efficiency and facilitates ordering of materials. The importance of accuracy increases with higher value metals such aluminum or stainless steel. The list must be completed correctly to avoid delays, and at the same time, keeping waste to a minimum. (4)
  • Calculate dimensions for some element missing from the blueprints. Use a combination of scale drawings, construct three dimensional components, and occasionally life size models; and actual layouts to determine missing measurements for drawings. (5)
  • A challenging design problem has been assigned which involves the transition of pipes to chutes in an underground mine. This may involve differing shapes and sizes of the pipe and chute, and irregular shapes to fit around obstacles. (5)
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Data Analysis
  • Compare company's productivity by recording the time taken for different jobs and compare the calculated average time per job to industry set standards. (2)
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Numerical Estimation
  • Estimate the heating times to ensure that the metal reaches the correct temperature, considering such variables as the size, thickness and complexity of the steel. (2)
  • Calculate the time required to complete a welding procedure, taking into account material thickness and joint configuration changes. (2)
  • Estimate charges based on material and labour costs to produce the desired product. (2)
  • Estimate the time or materials needed to complete a job to specifications. (2)
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Job Task Planning and Organizing
  • Metal fabricators (fitters) use their knowledge and past experience to develop a work plan for a specific job or work project. They organize the production process by determining the order of the tasks within the constraints of an overall framework, a trade practice or professional standard for doing a job or a project work plan. They set work priorities subject to approval by supervisors. They adjust the work plan when disruptions occur. This may require significant re-sequencing of tasks or rescheduling of people or processes. They integrate several work assignments and deal with possible conflicting demands on their time. These they resolve by following established criteria or procedures for deciding between assignments. Although not a major part of the job, metal fabricators (fitters) will often sequence multitasks for efficiency in completing a project. Metal fabricators (fitters) may supervise apprentices, assign them specific tasks and monitor their progress. They may also act as shop supervisors. (3)
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Decision Making
  • Determine the welding process required for particular jobs. (1)
  • Decide who will work on which part of the project, maintaining an ongoing record of the production progress and making changes to work assignments as needed. (2)
  • Decide how to lay out material for cutting to produce as little waste as possible. Base the decisions on experience and the sketches made prior to cutting. (2)
  • Decide what constitutes safe working practices at all times to protect the well being of yourself and others. (2)
  • Select appropriate hoists, chains, slings or jacks for moving very large, heavy metal structures. (2)
  • Stress tests show cracks in the weld that may threaten the quality of the final product. Use past experience in recommending whether adjustments are possible or that the material be replaced. (3)
  • Decide which cutting torches, other tools or cutting equipment need to be replaced in order to cut accurately. Use tables in manuals, quality issues, as well as considerable judgment to guide the decision. (3)
  • Decide whether the fabricated product produced meets the quality assurance standards and specifications as required by private or governmental agencies. For example, in compliance with national standards as set out by the Canadian Welding Bureau. Consequences of error are significant. (3)
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Problem Solving
  • Determine if a piece of metal is not suitable for the job and make arrangements for a replacement piece. (1)
  • Trouble shoot equipment problems and make repairs. (2)
  • The blueprint specifications do not take into account space needed for the weld in joining corners or making angle irons. Draw on experience to adjust the specifications to produce a quality product. (2)
  • Crane capacity is exceeded and alternative methods are needed to move an extra large manufactured structure. This may involve constructing a system using hydraulics or using a skid of ties with appropriate lubricants to slide the structure onto a flat bed for transportation. Solutions may include making modifications to the building to allow removal of the finished structure. (3)
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Finding Information
  • Refer to equipment manuals for maintenance, adjustment and use instructions. (1)
  • Seek information from electricians, millwrights, welders, engineers or quality control personnel to trouble shoot problems which may be related to equipment, quality control or project design. (2)
  • Refer to quality assurance manuals to verify product specifications for a particular job. For example, refer to the American Society of Mechanical Engineers for multiple specifications required for building a pressure vessel. (2)
  • Refer to safety manuals to orient new employees on safety standards and procedures. This could include WHMIS, in-house safety standards or provincial safety standards, or standards prescribed by various industries. (2)
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