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NOC Code: NOC Code: 7271 Occupation: Carpenters
Occupation Description: Occupation Description:
Carpenters construct, erect, install, maintain and repair structures and components of structures made of wood, wood substitutes, lightweight steel and other materials. They are employed by construction companies, carpentry contractors, and maintenance departments of factories, plants and other establishments, or they may be self-employed.  Carpenters construct, erect, install, maintain and repair structures and components of structures made of wood, wood substitutes, lightweight steel and other materials. They are employed by construction companies, carpentry contractors, and maintenance departments of factories, plants and other establishments, or they may be self-employed. 

  • Click on any of the Essential Skills to view sample workplace tasks for this occupation.
  • Scroll down the page to get information on career planning, education and training, and employment and volunteer opportunities.

Table will display the Skill Level for the Noc specified
Essential Skills Essential Skills Levels
Reading Reading 1 2 3 4
Writing Writing 1 2
Document Use Document Use 1 2 3 4
Digital Technology Digital Technology 1 2
Oral Communication Oral Communication 1 2 3
Money Math Money Math 1 2 3
Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting 1 2
Measurement and Calculation Measurement and Calculation 1 2 3 4
Data Analysis Data Analysis 1 2
Numerical Estimation Numerical Estimation 1 2
Job Task Planning and Organizing Job Task Planning and Organizing 1 2 3
Decision Making Decision Making 1 2 3
Problem Solving Problem Solving 1 2
Finding Information Finding Information 1 2 3
Critical Thinking Critical Thinking 1 2 3

  • The skill levels represented in the above chart illustrate the full range of sample tasks performed by experienced workers and not individuals preparing for or entering this occupation for the first time.
  • Note that some occupational profiles do not include all Numeracy and Thinking Essential Skills.

If you would like to print a copy of the chart and sample tasks, click on the "Print Occupational Profile" button at the top of the page.

  • Read brief notes from co-workers, e.g. read notes from co-workers to learn about equipment faults and worksite hazards. (1)
  • Read short text entries on technical drawings and on forms, such as work orders and invoices, e.g. read comments on invoices to learn about payment options. (1)
  • Read workplace safety materials, e.g. read Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) to understand the chemical composition and hazards of products, such as adhesives. (2)
  • Read notices, bulletins and newsletters, e.g. read notices from workers' compensation boards to learn about workplace hazards and newsletters to stay up-to-date on union activities. (2)
  • Read instructions and procedures contained in manuals, e.g. read construction manuals to learn how to build structures, such as domed roofs and circular stairwells. (3)
  • Read trade journals and website articles to keep current on industry trends and broaden your knowledge of building techniques and materials, e.g. read website articles to learn about "green building" certification systems. (3)
  • Read product use instructions, e.g. read instructions for the use of scissor lifts, gas-powered fastening tools and total station layout instruments. (3)
  • Read and interpret building codes, regulations, bylaws and standards, e.g. read building codes to determine the minimum height of railings and banisters. (4)
  • Read reports, e.g. read engineering reports to learn about geologic conditions at construction sites. (4)
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  • Write reminders and short notes to customers and co-workers, e.g. write short notes to inform customers of progress made. (1)
  • Write short comments in field books, e.g. write comments in field books to record descriptions of surveyors' notes. (1)
  • Write comments in forms and schedules, e.g. write comments in job hazard assessment forms to notify co-workers about obstacles, such as overhead power lines. (2)
  • Write reports to describe events leading up to workplace accidents, e.g. write about injuries and events when completing reports for workers' compensation boards. (2)
  • Describe project details on estimate sheets, change orders and work orders, e.g. explain the procedures for construction projects on job estimates. (2)
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Document Use
  • Observe symbols, icons and signs, e.g. scan signs at new job sites to identify workplace hazards and safety equipment, such as fire extinguishers. (1)
  • Locate and enter data on labels, e.g. locate mixing ratios and drying times on the labels of products, such as sealers. (1)
  • Complete a variety of checklists and forms, e.g. complete hazard assessment forms by checking boxes and entering data, such as dates, times and quantities. (2)
  • Locate data in a variety of tables, e.g. locate data, such as dimensions, tolerances, coefficients, identification numbers and quantities, in complex specification tables. (3)
  • Complete complex entry forms, e.g. complete forms, such as building permits, by entering data, such as dates, times, durations, quantities and specifications. (3)
  • Study assembly drawings, e.g. scan assembly drawings to learn how to assemble demountable wall systems. (3)
  • Study a variety of plan, elevation, detail, elevation and section drawings, e.g. study complex detail drawings to determine construction techniques, specifications and the location of components, such as fasteners. (4)
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Digital Technology
  • Use calculators and personal digital assistant (PDA) devices to complete numeracy-related tasks, such as calculating material requirements. (1)
  • Use billing and accounting software to input and track sales, produce invoices and estimates and print reports, such as income and expense statements. (2)
  • Use communication software to exchange email with customers, suppliers and co-workers. (2)
  • Access online information posted by suppliers, manufacturers, unions and associations to stay current on industry trends and practices. (2)
  • Use the Internet to access training courses and seminars offered by unions, apprenticeship trainers, suppliers, employers and associations. (2)
  • Use computer-controlled layout equipment, such as total stations and smart levels, to measure distances, horizontal angles and vertical angles. (2)
  • Use CD-ROMs and DVDs to access training materials and information, such as technical drawings and project specifications. (2)
  • Use databases to retrieve forms, such as change orders. (2)
  • Use databases to retrieve and print construction drawings. (2)
  • Use spreadsheets to tally costs for job estimates and invoices. (2)
  • Use word processing software to prepare job estimates and invoices. (2)
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Oral Communication
  • Speak with suppliers to learn about products, prices and delivery schedules. (1)
  • Speak with manufacturer representatives, e.g. talk to manufacturers to discuss faults with equipment, such as compressors. (2)
  • Participate in meetings, e.g. discuss safety hazards and work practices at safety meetings. (2)
  • Talk to safety and building inspectors about regulations and items that may not be in compliance with code. (2)
  • Discuss timelines, procedures, expectations and other work-related matters with co-workers and other tradespeople, e.g. speak with general contractors about job assignments and with other tradespeople to co-ordinate activities and schedules. (2)
  • Speak with customers to learn about projects, explain procedures, answer questions and address complaints. (3)
  • Provide detailed instructions to co-workers, e.g. provide detailed instructions to apprentices about the safe use of powder-actuated tools. (3)
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Money Math
  • Receive cash, debit and credit card payments and make change. (1)
  • Calculate amounts for estimates and invoices. Multiply hours worked by labour rates and add amounts for materials, supplies and applicable taxes. (3)
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Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting
  • Schedule the completion of construction by considering deadlines, project tasks, lead times and the availability of labour and parts. (2)
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Measurement and Calculation
  • Take a variety of measurements using basic tools, e.g. measure the dimensions of window openings using tape measures. (1)
  • Calculate material requirements, e.g. calculate the number of joists needed to complete a construction project. (2)
  • Take precise measurements, e.g. determine alignments, elevations and grades using surveying equipment. (3)
  • Calculate runs, rises and offsets, e.g. calculate the required lengths of stringers, stairway rises and runs and the offsets needed to construct around obstacles. (4)
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Data Analysis
  • Compare measurements to specifications, e.g. compare window and door sizes to project specifications. (1)
  • Calculate summary measures, e.g. calculate the average amount of time needed to complete elements of standard construction projects. (2)
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Numerical Estimation
  • Estimate the length of time that it will take to complete projects. Consider project requirements and the availability of materials and labour. (2)
  • Estimate the material requirements for projects, e.g. estimate the amount of nails required for a project, in kilograms. Consider project scope and the materials needed for similar jobs in the past. (2)
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Job Task Planning and Organizing
  • Carpenters determine the task order in accordance with standard trade practices and the progress of work onsite. They order tasks for efficiency and take a leadership role in promoting productivity and reducing waste. The work plan of carpenters is highly integrated with the work of other trades, requiring ongoing integration through effective communication and teamwork. There are recurring irregularities (e.g. equipment breakdowns, poor weather) that require them to adjust their daily schedules. (3)
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Decision Making
  • Decide the order of tasks and your priorities, e.g. decide the order in which to construct project elements, such as floors and walls. (1)
  • Choose tools, methods and products for construction projects, e.g. consider project specifications, building codes and the availability of time and labour. (2)
  • Select equipment and suppliers, e.g. decide which brand and type of equipment to use on projects by considering specifications, costs, ease of use and personal preferences. (3)
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Problem Solving
  • Encounter delays due to equipment faults. Inform customers and co-workers of the faults and troubleshoot. Perform other tasks until the faulty equipment is repaired or replaced. (1)
  • Find that work areas have restricted access. Consult with co-workers and other tradespeople, exchange ideas and select the best approach. (2)
  • Encounter technical drawings with missing specifications and errors. Report the missing specifications and errors to customers and supervisors and make suggestions. Complete other tasks until the missing information is acquired and errors are corrected. (2)
  • You may be asked to perform unsafe acts. Seek ways to reduce the risks and refuse tasks that cannot be done safely. (2)
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Finding Information
  • Read bulletins and Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) to learn how to safely handle materials and supplies. (2)
  • Read installation manuals and speak with co-workers and manufacturers' representatives to learn how to operate equipment and complete complex installations. (2)
  • Refer to blueprints and specifications to obtain detailed project information. (3)
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Critical Thinking
  • Evaluate the performance of apprentices. Consider the apprentice's ability to construct project elements safely and within project specifications. (2)
  • Evaluate the safety of work sites. Observe electrical, slipping and fall hazards and the location of safety equipment, such as fire extinguishers. Take note of other potential hazards, such as improperly stored tools, broken equipment and confined spaces. (2)
  • Evaluate the quality of construction. Take measurements, check alignments and physically test the constructed elements. (3)
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