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OSP Occupational Profile

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NOC Code: NOC Code: 7281 Occupation: Bricklayers
Occupation Description: Occupation Description:
Bricklayers lay bricks, concrete blocks, stone and other similar materials to construct or repair walls, arches, chimneys, fireplaces and other structures in accordance with blueprints and specifications. They are employed by construction companies and bricklaying contractors or they may be self-employed. Bricklayers lay bricks, concrete blocks, stone and other similar materials to construct or repair walls, arches, chimneys, fireplaces and other structures in accordance with blueprints and specifications. They are employed by construction companies and bricklaying contractors or they may be self-employed.

  • Click on any of the Essential Skills to view sample workplace tasks for this occupation.
  • Scroll down the page to get information on career planning, education and training, and employment and volunteer opportunities.

Table will display the Skill Level for the Noc specified
Essential Skills Essential Skills Levels
Reading Reading 1 2 3 4
Writing Writing 1 2 3
Document Use Document Use 1 2 3 4
Digital Technology Digital Technology 1 2 3
Oral Communication Oral Communication 1 2 3
Money Math Money Math 1
Measurement and Calculation Measurement and Calculation 1 2 3
Data Analysis Data Analysis 1 2
Numerical Estimation Numerical Estimation 1 2
Job Task Planning and Organizing Job Task Planning and Organizing 1 2
Decision Making Decision Making 1 2
Problem Solving Problem Solving 1 2
Finding Information Finding Information 1 2 3
Critical Thinking Critical Thinking 1 2 3

  • The skill levels represented in the above chart illustrate the full range of sample tasks performed by experienced workers and not individuals preparing for or entering this occupation for the first time.
  • Note that some occupational profiles do not include all Numeracy and Thinking Essential Skills.

If you would like to print a copy of the chart and sample tasks, click on the "Print Occupational Profile" button at the top of the page.

  • Read short text entries on a variety of forms, e.g. read comments on job orders. (1)
  • Read brief notes from co-workers, e.g. read notes from supervisors to learn about worksite safety hazards. (1)
  • Read instructions, e.g. read instructions for the preparation of building materials, such as mortar, and the use of power tools. (2)
  • Read brochures and flyers from manufacturers and suppliers to learn about tools, equipment and masonry materials. (2)
  • Read inspection reports, e.g. read comments written by building inspectors to learn about the outcomes of inspections and required changes. (2)
  • Read workplace safety materials, e.g. read Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) to understand the chemical composition of products and possible hazards. (2)
  • Read magazine and website articles to stay current on industry trends and broaden your knowledge of bricklaying techniques and materials. (3)
  • Read regulations and bylaws, e.g. read building codes, job specifications and bylaws to learn about required materials, ties, bonding agents, mortar strengths and clearances. (4)
  • Read detailed proposals and tenders, e.g. read proposals and tenders to learn about construction projects and information, such as material and engineering requirements. (4)
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  • Write reminder notes to yourself and co-workers, e.g. write notes to labourers outlining work required. (1)
  • Write short comments on forms, e.g. write short notes to identify fall hazards and excavations on hazard-assessment forms. (1)
  • Write reports to describe events leading up to workplace accidents, e.g. write about injuries and events when completing reports for workers' compensation boards. (2)
  • Write estimates, e.g. provide written details about construction processes and materials on quotes and estimates. (2)
  • Write proposals, e.g. write proposals outlining project details in response to requests for proposals and public tenders. (3)
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Document Use
  • Scan a variety of symbols and icons, e.g. Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) symbols to understand hazards associated with products. (1)
  • Complete a variety of checklists and forms, e.g. complete hazard assessment forms and timesheets by checking boxes and entering data, such as dates, times and quantities. (1)
  • Study construction schedules, e.g. scan mill shutdown schedules to determine the timing of refractory work (specialized brick work in ovens and furnaces). (2)
  • Study critical path charts to determine task durations and project due dates. (2)
  • Locate data in tables, e.g. locate data, such as dimensions, classifications, times and quantities, in specification tables. (2)
  • Interpret blueprints to establish the height and length of walls, the thickness required and the materials to be used. (3)
  • Study assembly drawings, e.g. scan drawings of arches and fireplaces to determine how to install bricks and components. (3)
  • Study scale drawings, e.g. study complex construction drawings to establish material requirements and project specifications. (4)
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Digital Technology
  • Use personal digital assistant (PDA) devices to complete numeracy-related tasks, such as calculating material requirements. (1)
  • Use spreadsheets to tally costs for job estimates and invoices. (2)
  • Use word processing software to prepare job estimates and invoices. (2)
  • Use databases to retrieve forms, such as change orders. (2)
  • Use communication software to exchange email with customers, architects, forepersons, general contractors and site superintendents. (2)
  • Use computer-controlled layout equipment, such as total stations (specialized surveying equipment) and smart levels to measure distances and the horizontal and vertical angles of brick structures. (2)
  • Use the Internet to access training courses and seminars offered by apprenticeship trainers, suppliers, employers and associations. (2)
  • Access online information posted by suppliers, manufacturers, unions and associations to stay current on industry trends and practices. (2)
  • Use billing and accounting software to input and track sales, produce invoices and estimates and print reports, such as income and expense statements. (2)
  • Use databases to retrieve and print architectural drawings. (2)
  • Use project management software to schedule lead times and the completion of project milestones. (3)
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Oral Communication
  • Talk to suppliers and delivery personnel, e.g. speak with suppliers to place orders and determine delivery times. (1)
  • Exchange information with forepersons, general contractors and site superintendents, e.g. discuss project requirements and safety concerns with general contractors. (2)
  • Exchange information with customers, e.g. respond to customers' questions about construction procedures and material requirements. (2)
  • Participate in group discussions, e.g. participate in toolbox meetings to discuss safe work practices and the outcomes of job hazard assessments. (2)
  • Exchange information with co-workers and other tradespeople, e.g. speak with other bricklayers to coordinate activities and schedules. (2)
  • Exchange information with engineers, architects, inspectors and other tradespeople, e.g. speak with engineers, architects and inspectors about design faults and the measures needed to meet scheduling and building code requirements. (3)
  • Exchange detailed construction information with apprentices and co-workers, e.g. explain complex fireplace construction techniques to apprentices. (3)
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Money Math
  • Receive cash, debit and credit card payments and make change. (1)
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Measurement and Calculation
  • Measure the length, height and width of building materials and structures. (1)
  • Calculate amounts for mixtures, e.g. use ratios to figure out the amount of water and cement needed to mix a specified amount of mortar. (2)
  • Calculate the angles of arches to construct doorways and window openings. (3)
  • Calculate amounts for estimates and invoices, e.g. multiply hours worked by labour rates and add amounts for materials, supplies and applicable taxes. (3)
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Data Analysis
  • Compare measurements of walls and other masonry components to specifications outlined in work orders and scale drawings. (1)
  • Calculate the average time spent on various types of jobs. (2)
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Numerical Estimation
  • Estimate the length of time it will take to complete construction projects. (2)
  • Estimate the amount of mortar and other materials required to complete construction projects. (2)
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Job Task Planning and Organizing
  • Bricklayers plan several days in advance for the materials and equipment they will need on the job. They must co-ordinate their daily activities with other trades, such as plumbers, electricians and carpenters. They generally have one source for work assignments, although on large sites, they may respond to the needs of several forepersons. Workers may encounter disruptions caused by weather, materials not coming in on time or the juggling of tasks to meet the needs of other trades onsite. They may move to other jobs until these disruptions have been cleared. (2)
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Decision Making
  • Judge the condition of materials and supplies, e.g. inspect the condition of cinder blocks prior to their use. (1)
  • Decide task steps and priorities, e.g. decide the order in which to construct retaining walls. (2)
  • Decide what mixing needs to be done to obtain a particular shade of mortar to match heritage brickwork. (2)
  • Decide to refuse unsafe work because the risks to your safety and the safety of others are too high. (2)
  • Decide which tools and materials to use to meet project specifications. (2)
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Problem Solving
  • When working with a partner, you have found that a "hog in the wall" appears (one tier higher than the other). Check measurements to see where the problem occurred and determine who has to rip out their work. (2)
  • Receive architectural drawings that you know from experience will not work well. Contact customers, architects, forepersons, general contractors or site superintendents about your concerns and suggest alternatives. (2)
  • Encounter equipment breakdowns. Consult maintenance and repair manuals to troubleshoot and repair faults. Consult with supervisors and equipment repairers for more serious equipment faults. (2)
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Finding Information
  • Call suppliers or hardware stores to find where to locate tools such as slickers and flat joiners. (1)
  • Learn about job hazards by inspecting job sites, reading job hazard assessments, participating in safety briefings and speaking with co-workers. (2)
  • Obtain building code updates and fire code regulations from government regulatory agencies and building trade offices. (2)
  • Locate material requirements and specifications, such as height, length and material requirements, from work orders, technical drawings and specification sheets and by speaking with customers, architects, forepersons, general contractors and site superintendents. (2)
  • Find information about upcoming construction projects by speaking with customers and reading tenders in newspapers and on the Internet. (2)
  • Refer to manuals and texts to get information on the construction of various types of arches. (3)
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Critical Thinking
  • Evaluate the performance of apprentices. Consider apprentices' abilities to construct masonry structures and locate information, such as specifications from scale drawings. (2)
  • Evaluate the safety of work sites. Take note of risks posed by equipment and construction hazards, such as excavations and confined spaces, to evaluate the safety of work sites. (2)
  • Evaluate the quality of construction projects. Consider building codes, appearances, alignments and the degree to which dimensions meet those specified in work orders and technical drawings. (3)
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