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NOC Code: NOC Code: 7282 Occupation: Concrete finishers
Occupation Description: Occupation Description:
Concrete finishers smooth and finish freshly poured concrete, apply curing or surface treatments and install, maintain and restore various masonry structures such as foundations, floors, ceilings, sidewalks, roads, patios and highrise buildings. They are employed by construction companies, cement and concrete contractors and manufacturers of precast concrete products, or they may be self-employed. Concrete finishers smooth and finish freshly poured concrete, apply curing or surface treatments and install, maintain and restore various masonry structures such as foundations, floors, ceilings, sidewalks, roads, patios and highrise buildings. They are employed by construction companies, cement and concrete contractors and manufacturers of precast concrete products, or they may be self-employed.

  • Click on any of the Essential Skills to view sample workplace tasks for this occupation.
  • Scroll down the page to get information on career planning, education and training, and employment and volunteer opportunities.

Table will display the Skill Level for the Noc specified
Essential Skills Essential Skills Levels
Reading Reading 1 2 3 4
Writing Writing 1 2
Document Use Document Use 1 2 3
Digital Technology Digital Technology 1 2
Oral Communication Oral Communication 1 2 3
Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting 1 2
Measurement and Calculation Measurement and Calculation 1 2 3
Data Analysis Data Analysis 1 2
Numerical Estimation Numerical Estimation 1 2
Job Task Planning and Organizing Job Task Planning and Organizing 1 2
Decision Making Decision Making 1 2 3
Problem Solving Problem Solving 1 2
Finding Information Finding Information 1 2
Critical Thinking Critical Thinking 1 2 3


  • The skill levels represented in the above chart illustrate the full range of sample tasks performed by experienced workers and not individuals preparing for or entering this occupation for the first time.
  • Note that some occupational profiles do not include all Numeracy and Thinking Essential Skills.

If you would like to print a copy of the chart and sample tasks, click on the "Print Occupational Profile" button at the top of the page.


Reading
  • Read brief notes from co-workers, e.g. read notes from co-workers to learn about equipment faults. (1)
  • Read text entries in a variety of forms, e.g. read work orders to learn about job tasks and work sites. (2)
  • Read memos and notices, e.g. read memos to learn about changes to worksite procedures and notices to learn about upcoming meetings. (2)
  • Read workplace safety materials, e.g. read Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) to understand the safe use and storage of products, such as sealants. (2)
  • Read directions and handling instructions, e.g. read mixing instructions on the labels of products, such as cement curing retardants, concrete sealing compounds and colourants. (2)
  • Read magazine and website articles to keep current on industry trends and broaden your knowledge of concrete finishing techniques and materials. (3)
  • Read a variety of operating manuals, e.g. read manuals to learn about the set-up, operation and maintenance of equipment, such as power screeds and trowels. (3)
  • Read regulations and bylaws, e.g. read regulations and bylaws governing the installation of sidewalks and concrete patios. (4)
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Writing
  • Write reminders and short notes to co-workers, e.g. write notes to inform co-workers about worksite hazards. (1)
  • Write reports to describe events leading up to workplace accidents, e.g. write about injuries and events when completing reports for workers' compensation boards. (2)
  • Write text entries in forms and logbooks, e.g. describe equipment malfunctions in equipment inspection forms and logbooks. (2)
  • Describe project details on estimate sheets, e.g. describe job tasks on estimate sheets and work orders. (2)
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Document Use
  • Observe symbols, icons and signs, e.g. scan signs at new job sites to identify workplace hazards and to locate emergency exits and safety equipment, such as fire extinguishers. (1)
  • Locate data on labels, e.g. locate product names, mixing ratios, drying times, ideal application conditions and coverage rates on labels of concrete finishing compounds. (1)
  • Complete forms, e.g. enter amount of concrete used, set-up and finishing times and the number of wall panels produced into production reports. (2)
  • Locate data in lists and schedules, e.g. locate specifications, product identification numbers and quantities in suppliers' product lists. (2)
  • Locate data in forms, e.g. read work orders to locate addresses, clients' names and the dimensions of floors, sidewalks and driveways to be poured and finished. (2)
  • Interpret and locate data in scale drawings, e.g. interpret scale drawings to determine the location and orientation of door and window openings in precast wall panels. (3)
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Digital Technology
  • Use calculators and personal digital assistant (PDA) devices to complete numeracy-related tasks, such as calculating material requirements. (1)
  • Use databases to retrieve forms, such as change orders. (2)
  • Use databases to retrieve and print construction drawings. (2)
  • Use spreadsheets to tally costs for job estimates and invoices. (2)
  • Use communication software to exchange emails with clients, suppliers and co-workers. (2)
  • Access online information posted by suppliers, manufacturers, unions and associations to stay current on industry trends and practices. (2)
  • Use the Internet to access training courses and seminars offered by apprenticeship trainers, suppliers, employers and associations. (2)
  • Use computer-controlled layout equipment, such as total stations and smart levels, to determine the location, slope and angles of foundations and precast concrete panels. (2)
  • Use bookkeeping, billing and accounting software to input and track sales, produce invoices and estimates and print reports, such as income and expense statements. (2)
  • Use word processing software to prepare job estimates and invoices. (2)
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Oral Communication
  • Speak with suppliers to learn about delivery schedules. (1)
  • Exchange information about job tasks with co-workers, general contractors and clients, e.g. speak with clients to clarify changes to project specifications. (2)
  • Discuss technical details of concrete finishing, e.g. discuss required adjustments to concrete mixtures and finishing techniques with general contractors and supervisors. (2)
  • Participate in group discussions, e.g. discuss safety, goals, procedures, job timeframes and projects during staff meetings. (2)
  • Explain concrete finishing techniques to apprentices and labourers, e.g. explain how to gauge the look and feel of concrete at critical stages in the finishing process. (3)
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Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting
  • Prepare delivery schedules, e.g. schedule the deliveries of concrete to coincide with the availability of workers to rake and level. (2)
  • Calculate time intervals and set timelines for pouring, finishing, curing and protection tasks. (2)
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Measurement and Calculation
  • Measure distances, angles and volumes using measuring tools, such as tapes, measuring wheels and graduated containers, e.g. measure the dimension of door openings using tape measures; and the volumes of aggregate materials, cement and additives needed for walkways using graduated containers. (1)
  • Calculate the volume of concrete and quantities of finishing products for jobs, e.g. calculate amount of cement, sand, gravel and water needed for specific volumes of concrete. (2)
  • Take precise measurements of concrete products and job sites using specialized instruments, e.g. measure stress on strengthening cables using tools, such as stress gauges. (3)
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Data Analysis
  • Compare measurements to specifications, e.g. compare lengths, widths and depths of foundation footings to dimensions specified in construction drawings. (1)
  • Calculate average cure times for various types of concrete. (2)
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Numerical Estimation
  • Estimate distances and slopes, e.g. estimate slopes for floors around drains, given upper and lower benchmarks. (1)
  • Estimate times to complete tasks using past experience as a guide, e.g. estimate finishing times for concrete floors, given the size of the job, the number of workers available and prevailing weather conditions. (2)
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Job Task Planning and Organizing
  • Concrete finishers may plan finishing tasks on several work sites, taking into account the time for concrete to set and cure. Their job task plans may be disrupted by weather conditions, rush jobs and unexpected repairs. They provide supervisors with time estimates for job rescheduling when necessary. (2)
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Decision Making
  • Decide on the order of tasks and your priorities, e.g. decide the order in which to pour concrete footings. (2)
  • Decide to report unsafe work conditions, e.g. act on requirements to report unsafe work conditions by discussing your concerns and decisions with co-workers and supervisors. (2)
  • Choose tools, methods and products for concrete finishing and repair, e.g. consider the consistency of the concrete, weather conditions and the availability of time and labour when selecting concrete finishing techniques. (2)
  • Select equipment and suppliers, e.g. decide which brand and type of equipment to use on projects by considering specifications, costs, ease of use and personal preferences. (3)
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Problem Solving
  • Find that late, missing and poorly coordinated deliveries of concrete threaten the quality of concrete finishing jobs. Find extra labourers to help pour, rake and level the concrete and encourage your co-workers to work quickly to finish the over-mixed concrete, which sets more rapidly. (2)
  • Experience equipment breakdowns during finishing jobs. Try to repair equipment before the concrete becomes unworkable. If repair efforts fail, work with available hand tools and call supervisors to request additional workers. Attempt to delay the setting and curing processes by using retardants as necessary. (2)
  • Discover that work sites are inaccessible and concrete deliveries cannot be made as planned. Inform your supervisors and call for pump trucks. Contact suppliers to send retardants to slow down the setting process. (2)
  • Find that preparatory work on job sites is inadequate. Ask labourers to carry out preparatory work according to specifications, to ensure that forms are level and that gravel is deep enough. Notify site supervisors of delays. (2)
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Finding Information
  • Learn about job hazards by inspecting job sites, reading Material Safety Data Sheets, participating in safety briefings and speaking with co-workers. (2)
  • Find information on the operation and maintenance of new equipment by reading instruction manuals, viewing videos and by talking to co-workers and equipment suppliers. (2)
  • Find information about concrete finishing jobs. Speak with supervisors, site managers, other tradespeople and clients to learn about project specifications and work sites. Review work orders and technical drawings to locate information, such as dimensions and the locations of drains and underground cables. Read tenders and work orders to learn about upcoming projects. (2)
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Critical Thinking
  • Evaluate the preparedness of job sites for pouring and finishing concrete. Consider adequate access for deliveries of concrete and aspects such as sufficient lighting and protection from air currents for finishing. Assess elements such as the accuracy and solidity of formwork, the proper placement of rebar and depths and evenness of gravel beds. (2)
  • Evaluate the safety of work sites. Observe elements such as available space to manoeuvre around large vehicles and the presence of proper ventilation units, guard rails and safety cones. Consider the stability of access ramps for trucks. Take note of potential hazards such as improperly stored tools and broken equipment. (2)
  • Assess the quality of concrete finishing jobs. Take measurements, observe the appearance and consistency of concrete, check for hairline cracks and evaluate the aesthetic appearance of decorative concrete work. (3)
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