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NOC Code: NOC Code: 7291 Occupation: Roofers and shinglers
Occupation Description: Occupation Description:
Roofers install, repair or replace flat roofs as well as shingles, shakes or other roofing tiles on sloped roofs. Shinglers install and replace shingles, tiles and similar coverings on sloped roofs. They are employed by roofing and general contractors, or they may be self-employed. Roofers install, repair or replace flat roofs as well as shingles, shakes or other roofing tiles on sloped roofs. Shinglers install and replace shingles, tiles and similar coverings on sloped roofs. They are employed by roofing and general contractors, or they may be self-employed.

  • Click on any of the Essential Skills to view sample workplace tasks for this occupation.
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Table will display the Skill Level for the Noc specified
Essential Skills Essential Skills Levels
Reading Reading 1 2 3
Writing Writing 1 2
Document Use Document Use 1 2 3
Digital Technology Digital Technology 1 2
Oral Communication Oral Communication 1 2 3
Money Math Money Math 1 2 3
Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting 1 2
Measurement and Calculation Measurement and Calculation 1 2 3
Data Analysis Data Analysis 1
Numerical Estimation Numerical Estimation 1 2 3
Job Task Planning and Organizing Job Task Planning and Organizing 1 2
Decision Making Decision Making 1 2
Problem Solving Problem Solving 1 2 3
Finding Information Finding Information 1 2
Critical Thinking Critical Thinking 1 2 3

  • The skill levels represented in the above chart illustrate the full range of sample tasks performed by experienced workers and not individuals preparing for or entering this occupation for the first time.
  • Note that some occupational profiles do not include all Numeracy and Thinking Essential Skills.

If you would like to print a copy of the chart and sample tasks, click on the "Print Occupational Profile" button at the top of the page.

  • Read application and installation instructions on labels on roofing products and materials, such as roofing glues. (1)
  • Read comments and instructions on work orders. (1)
  • Read short notes and messages. For example, roofers and shinglers read notes from managers and supervisors to remind them about mandatory safety training courses. (1)
  • Read articles in newsletters and magazines. For example, roofers read Roofing Canada magazines to learn more about new products and materials being used in the industry. (2)
  • Read memos and bulletins to understand changes to roofing products' specifications. For example, roofers and shinglers read memos that describe how new adhesives will decrease the time it takes for roofing products to adhere to underlying insulation. (2)
  • Read flyers, pamphlets and information sheets containing pertinent occupational information. For example, read pamphlets from Workers' Compensation Boards to understand the importance of workplace safety and how to implement safe working conditions. (2)
  • Review installation manuals and warranty agreements to ensure work is compliant and roofing materials are installed properly. Review the lengths and terms of warranties, deficiencies which may render warranties null and void and the recommended layouts and patterns of roofing materials. (3)
  • Read building and fire code regulations to get information about mandatory work procedures and legal requirements that affect roofing jobs. For example, roofers and shinglers read regulations that detail fire resistance levels of roofing materials. (3)
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  • Write a few lines on work order, insurance or Workers' Compensation forms to describe completed work, incidents and accidents. (1)
  • Write notes in logbooks and on contract forms to describe work that needs to be completed. For example, roofers and shinglers may describe problems discovered on job sites and make recommendations for their correction. (2)
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Document Use
  • Enter names, hours, dates and times on timesheet and schedules. Roofers and shinglers may also enter new job assignment details on work schedules. (1)
  • Scan work orders to obtain job-specific information such as locations, customers' names, material requirements, installation instructions, price quotes and estimates. (2)
  • Identify locations and orientations of parts in assembly drawings of equipment such as bitumen pumps and piping. (2)
  • Complete building permits that are required for construction, alterations and repairs. Roofers and shinglers enter information about the premises and the job specifications such as dimensions, materials and job requirements to obtain municipal and provincial authorization to carry out work, and certify that security and safety standards are observed. (2)
  • Read Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System and product labels, Material Safety Data Sheets and manufacturers' specifications for roofing adhesives to obtain and use safe handling and application procedures. (3)
  • Locate building dimensions and other features in construction drawings. For example, use dimensions printed on the drawings to calculate quantities of materials needed for roofing jobs and locate roof perforations such as skylights, drains, vents and fire safety hatches in order to plan the layouts of roofing materials. (3)
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Digital Technology
  • Use the Internet. For example, look up safety standards posted on Workers' Compensation Boards' websites. (2)
  • Email the employer to advise that you will be absent from work. (2)
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Oral Communication
  • Instruct junior roofers, labourers and other workers. For example, roofers and shinglers ask labourers to bring more supplies and to complete job tasks such as removing ballasts and shingles. (1)
  • Speak with suppliers and manufacturers to order more supplies, check on deliveries and inquire about the uses and applications of new products. (1)
  • Speak to building, fire and safety inspectors about roofing jobs, materials used and safety precautions taken. (2)
  • Discuss the division of roofing tasks with your crew and consult co-workers about methods of tackling unusual and challenging jobs. (2)
  • Speak with customers. For example, describe the types of materials to be applied and procedures for the disposal of old roofing materials and speak to customers who have complaints and want last minute changes to roofing jobs. Listen carefully to customers' concerns and you may offer to change roofing methods and materials to eliminate customers' concerns and negotiate terms and conditions for additional work. Roofers and shinglers working for larger companies may refer these matters to their supervisors. (3)
  • Meet supervisors before assignments to discuss and review the jobs and safety requirements, the precautions you will employ and locations of closest medical supports. (3)
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Money Math
  • Calculate reimbursements for materials and tools you purchase and submit cash or credit card receipts to supervisors. (1)
  • Submit invoices for completed work, calculating hourly labour rates, material costs by roof area and taxes. (3)
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Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting
  • Schedule the arrival of roofing materials at work sites for times when the appropriate numbers of workers are present. (1)
  • Schedule jobs so that work can be completed before successive jobs are undertaken. Jobs may be rescheduled due to inclement weather and emergency repair calls. (2)
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Measurement and Calculation
  • Measure temperatures and humidity of roofing materials and working environments to ensure conditions are appropriate for application of the materials. For example, roofers and shinglers use digital thermometer guns to determine sources of extraordinary heat, like exhaust vents or other types of roof perforations beneath roof surfaces and use hygrometers to measure moisture in wood shingles and other materials. (2)
  • Measure length, width and height of roof surfaces so you can order exact amounts of materials required to complete jobs. (2)
  • Ensure shingles are placed correctly by using parallel lines, and arrange ladders at safe angles to roofs. (2)
  • Calculate material requirements for roofing jobs by multiplying dimensions and scale measurements from drawings and subtracting areas of open spaces like large skylights. For example, determine the quantity of roofing materials required for jobs by dividing the total area by the area one bundle of shingles will cover. (3)
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Data Analysis
  • Analyze heat readings taken from finished roofs to ensure the readings fall within manufacturers' application specifications. (1)
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Numerical Estimation
  • Estimate the weights of roofing tools and materials when lifting them onto roofs. Accurately estimate the weights to ensure bundles do not damage or fall through the roofs. (2)
  • Estimate the costs of roofing jobs taking into consideration the sizes, types, pitches and areas of roofs, the numbers of layers of shingles and other factors such as expected weather conditions. This estimate has direct impacts on profitability. (3)
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Job Task Planning and Organizing
  • Roofers and shinglers complete similar tasks from day to day to install, repair or replace flat roofs and shingles. The environment in which they work may vary greatly from small, low, flat roofs to large, high, sloped roofs on both residential and commercial buildings. Their tasks are most often prioritized by supervisors to achieve maximum productivity, efficiency and safety but roofers may consider past projects, timelines and physical roofing structures when determining how to approach new roofing jobs. Although their work plans are rarely disrupted except for environmental conditions like rain and snow, roofers and shinglers must integrate their assigned tasks to ensure they work safely within a team. (2)
  • Experienced members of roofing crews may take the lead in organizing work on the roofs. Roofing work is assigned by seniority, skills and aptitude for specific jobs, although supervisors and experienced roofers often divide tasks for junior roofers. (2)
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Decision Making
  • Decide what tools and gear are required for different roofing jobs. For example, roofers may decide to bring full safety harnesses, helmets and extended lengths of ropes when working on high, heavily sloped roofs. (1)
  • Decide when it is necessary to call for supervisory assistance. For example, roofers may decide to contact supervisors when clients object to colours of shingles being applied by the roofing crew and want them to stop working. (2)
  • Decide if there are sufficient supplies and number of roofers to complete projects to the quality expected and within given deadlines. For example, decide to call in additional labourers in order to complete roofing jobs within deadlines. (2)
  • Decide when to start and stop work in bad weather. For example, roofers may decide to stop work because impending wet weather will not hold off long enough to complete roofing jobs and will adversely affect safe working conditions. (2)
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Problem Solving
  • Encounter work delays when supplies do not arrive on time and equipment breaks down. Contact suppliers and supervisors to register delays and request supplies are shipped and machinery fixed as soon as possible. (1)
  • Notice that construction refuse bins for the removal of old roofing materials areas are blocking vehicle and pedestrian traffic. Roofers locate building managers and ask if bins can be moved so they won't impede traffic. Roofers may then organize roofing crews to help move the bins immediately. (2)
  • Discover oversights and discrepancies on job sites. For example, roofers discover more rot in the under deckings of roofs than was first anticipated. They may inform supervisors of their findings and consult clients before the removal of rotten roof portions for rebuilding. (2)
  • Encounter customers who have complaints and want last minute changes to roofing jobs. Roofers listen carefully to customers' concerns. Self-employed roofers may offer to change roofing methods and materials to eliminate customers' concerns and negotiate terms and conditions for additional work. Roofers working for larger companies may refer these matters to their supervisors. (2)
  • Face inclement weather that makes it impossible to start or continue jobs. For example, roofers and shinglers use waterproofing in anticipation of rain and moisture and take precautions during thunderstorms and high winds or stop work altogether. They may rig additional safety ropes and tarps to ensure safe working environments and to prevent damage to exposed roofing areas in anticipation of water and wind. (2)
  • Clients' homes or businesses have been accidentally damaged when completing roofing jobs. For example, a roofer attempting to remove ice build-up with an axe during an emergency snow and ice removal job accidentally tears off a section of eavestrough. The roofer determines the extent of damage, contacts a supervisor, reports the damage to the customer and responds to the customer's concerns to maintain a good working relationship. (3)
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Finding Information
  • Refer to catalogues, manuals, brochures, product information sheets and labels for application instructions. (1)
  • Look up new product information and access companies' websites on the Internet. (2)
  • Read safety forms, brochures and bulletins such as those from Workers' Compensation Boards to identify general and site-specific safety requirements such as the wearing of safety harnesses on job sites. (2)
  • Seek information from supervisors and inspectors about work schedules, status of material shipments and arrivals as well as job specifications and requirements. (2)
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Critical Thinking
  • Judge the quality of finished roofing jobs by observing that parallel shingle keys form straight lines across roof surfaces, cut-offs at gable ends are the same at bottom and top, and there are no waves in roofs. Test various areas to make sure roofing materials have been sealed and have adhered properly. (2)
  • Assess skills of other workers to determine the allotment of work to junior roofers. For example, roofers and shinglers evaluate the speed, quality and experience of co-workers when determining who will complete complicated portions of roofing that have vents and air conditioning units. (2)
  • Evaluate the benefits of using new roofing tools, products and application processes. For example, roofers and shinglers may assess the pros and cons of switching from hammers to pneumatic nailers for certain roofing jobs by examining the size of the roof, the workers available to complete the work, the ability to safely move pneumatic equipment and the amount of time available to complete the job. (2)
  • Evaluate the safety of work areas. For example, roofers and shinglers consider their starting points, direction of shingles, locations of open flames and liquid petroleum tanks, and potential tripping hazards like hammers, crowbars and air-powered staplers to coordinate the safe use and transportation of shingle bundles, containers of roofing tar and other adhesives while completing jobs. If they fail to adequately assess safety hazards, workers' injuries or deaths can occur. (3)
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