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NOC Code: NOC Code: 7293 Occupation: Insulators
Occupation Description: Occupation Description:
Insulators apply insulation materials to plumbing, air-handling, heating, cooling and refrigeration systems, piping equipment and pressure vessels, and walls, floors and ceilings of buildings and other structures, to prevent or reduce the passage of heat, cold, sound or fire. They are employed by construction companies and insulation contractors, or they may be self-employed. Insulators apply insulation materials to plumbing, air-handling, heating, cooling and refrigeration systems, piping equipment and pressure vessels, and walls, floors and ceilings of buildings and other structures, to prevent or reduce the passage of heat, cold, sound or fire. They are employed by construction companies and insulation contractors, or they may be self-employed.

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Table will display the Skill Level for the Noc specified
Essential Skills Essential Skills Levels
Reading Reading 1 2 3 4
Writing Writing 1 2 3
Document Use Document Use 1 2 3
Digital Technology Digital Technology 1 2
Oral Communication Oral Communication 1 2 3
Measurement and Calculation Measurement and Calculation 1 2 3 4
Numerical Estimation Numerical Estimation 1 2
Job Task Planning and Organizing Job Task Planning and Organizing 1 2 3
Decision Making Decision Making 1 2 3
Problem Solving Problem Solving 1 2 3
Finding Information Finding Information 1

  • The skill levels represented in the above chart illustrate the full range of sample tasks performed by experienced workers and not individuals preparing for or entering this occupation for the first time.
  • Note that some occupational profiles do not include all Numeracy and Thinking Essential Skills.

If you would like to print a copy of the chart and sample tasks, click on the "Print Occupational Profile" button at the top of the page.

  • Read brief notices about changes in safety procedures and regulations. (1)
  • Read magazines such as Insulation Outlook or The Trowel in order to keep up with new processes, materials, and equipment. (2)
  • Read job specifications in order to complete work assignments. (2)
  • Read safe work permits as required in order to understand the type of work being performed. (2)
  • Read company policies and procedures as required for personnel matters such as pension plans and sick days. (3)
  • Read safety regulations (e.g. Workers' Compensation) and emergency procedures (e.g. lockout procedures) as required. (3)
  • Read WHMIS (Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System) sheets and labels on new and unfamiliar products as required in order to understand and apply the correct safety measures, such as wearing a respirator, and to know how to clean up potential spills. Some information requires checking safety regulations for specific details. For example, safety information may recommend wearing a respirator; however, a secondary search is required to determine the type needed. (3)
  • Read member information and newsletters distributed through unions where applicable on a monthly basis. (3)
  • Read manuals and handouts which explain procedures and processes such as types of adhesives, contact cements and lagging adhesives, using general background and scientific knowledge (e.g. K factor) and jargon. (4)
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  • Write lists of instructions and materials which include pipe sizes, circumferences, insulation thicknesses, mitre sizes and band sizes. (1)
  • Apprentices write weekly reports detailing hours worked and type of work done. (1)
  • Keep a daily diary/journal detailing hours of work, names of projects, companies worked for, and unusual occurrences or problems. (2)
  • Complete accident reports as required detailing dates, names, and a detailed description of the accident or incident. (2)
  • Take notes from overheads and blackboard on a daily basis to use for future reference and to prepare for exams during technical training. (3)
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Document Use
  • Read safety signs including WHMIS on a daily basis. For instance, lockout procedures require a sign posted as do confined spaces and asbestos removal sites. (1)
  • Read dispatch sheets as needed to locate the company's name and address and foreman's name. (1)
  • Read and write lists of required materials including pipe sizes on a daily basis in order to remember and to help plan and organize materials. (1)
  • Read short memos listing instructions and changes in safety regulations. (1)
  • Complete a monthly report as an apprentice detailing hours worked, company information and types of work. (2)
  • Read and interpret drafting and piping symbols during technical training and on-the-job to determine specifications. (2)
  • Read work orders to determine types, sizes and amounts of materials requiring the use of jargon, abbreviations and technical vocabulary. (2)
  • Read labels on new and unfamiliar materials as needed to learn names, instructions on use of the product and safety precautions. (2)
  • Read blueprints detailing job specifications and what type of material to use during technical training and on-the-job, requiring knowledge of technical vocabulary. It may be necessary to use multiple sources of information. (3)
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Digital Technology
  • Use computer-assisted design, manufacture or machining. For example, during technical training apprentices use a software program to design duct work. (2)
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Oral Communication
  • Talk with dispatcher as applicable to find out where the next job is, how long the job will last, the name and address of the company, and the name of the foreman. (1)
  • Meet with workers from other subtrades to ask if they're finished in a work area so you can begin working, or to move materials that are in the way. (1)
  • Meet weekly with co-workers and foreman for "toolbox" meetings to discuss safety issues. (2)
  • Meet with journeypersons, apprentices and foreman daily to receive instructions and updates as well as to pass on information about how things are going using technical language and jargon. Instructions must be understood and acted upon without wasting time and materials. (2)
  • During yearly technical training apprentices discuss technical information and ways to approach practical problems with classmates and the trades instructor. Apprentices are expected to ask questions and participate in class discussions. (3)
  • Settle conflicts with workers from other trades which involve arguments over who is responsible for what or who is responsible for making a mistake. For example, a pipe which is too large for the space which means there isn't enough space for the insulation. The responsible party will assume the cost of solving the problem. (3)
  • Meet with business managers and agents, and union stewards, where applicable, to discuss union-related information and any problems experienced on the job. (3)
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Measurement and Calculation
  • Measure pipes and add thickness of insulation. (1)
  • Use formulae for area and perimeter to calculate required materials for both regular and irregular shapes. (3)
  • Cut insulation to requested regular and irregular shapes and measurements. (3)
  • Calculate surface area of frustums, cones and other shapes. (4)
  • Use geometry, trigonometry and triangulation to draw patterns. (4)
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Numerical Estimation
  • Estimate the amount of material required to complete a task to allow for miscalculation. (2)
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Job Task Planning and Organizing
  • Insulators plan and organize their job tasks to maximize production. They know "time is money" and that if they don't keep up they will lose their jobs. Insulators assemble materials in the order needed for the job so time isn't wasted looking for the right tool or piece of material. Tasks include anticipating and planning ahead, usually one day at a time, what tools and materials are required; getting the right materials to the right journeyperson or site at the right time; and storing materials so they are easily reached, but not in the way or left out where they can get wet; learning where materials are, how materials are organized and the quickest way from point A to point B on a new job site. (3)
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Decision Making
  • Decide how to cut materials accurately with little waste. (2)
  • Decide what to do when tools break down (e.g. attempt to fix it or send it for repairs and use something else so work isn't halted or slowed down). (2)
  • Decide when to pass on information so the foreman or other person in authority can make the decision. (3)
  • Decide what to do when plumbers and/or sheet metal workers have installed pipe but not left enough room for the correct insulation to be installed. (3)
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Problem Solving
  • Troubleshoot power tool malfunctions. (2)
  • You need to be able to anticipate problems and "think on your feet" in situations such as materials not arriving as scheduled, unplanned shortages, or the wrong materials being delivered. Each situation requires follow up and checking for alternatives (2)
  • Figure out how to get bundled materials 100 feet into the air when the only access is a vertical metal ladder. (3)
  • Figure out where to make cuts so the material can be formed to the required shape. Every job is a bit different plus plans may have had to be changed because of alterations to the original specifications. Shapes can be irregular and installation can be awkward. (3)
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Finding Information
  • Check manuals for information. (1)
  • Ask co-workers, foremen and other workers for help. (1)
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