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NOC Code: NOC Code: 7331 Occupation: Oil and solid fuel heating mechanics
Occupation Description: Occupation Description:
Oil and solid fuel heating mechanics install and maintain oil, coal and wood heating systems in residential and commercial buildings. They are employed by heating systems installation and service companies.  Oil and solid fuel heating mechanics install and maintain oil, coal and wood heating systems in residential and commercial buildings. They are employed by heating systems installation and service companies. 

  • Click on any of the Essential Skills to view sample workplace tasks for this occupation.
  • Scroll down the page to get information on career planning, education and training, and employment and volunteer opportunities.

Table will display the Skill Level for the Noc specified
Essential Skills Essential Skills Levels
Reading Reading 1 2 3
Writing Writing 1 2
Document Use Document Use 1 2 3
Digital Technology Digital Technology 1 2
Oral Communication Oral Communication 1 2 3
Money Math Money Math 1 2 3
Measurement and Calculation Measurement and Calculation 1 2 3
Data Analysis Data Analysis 1 2 3
Numerical Estimation Numerical Estimation 1 2
Job Task Planning and Organizing Job Task Planning and Organizing 1 2
Decision Making Decision Making 1 2 3
Problem Solving Problem Solving 1 2 3
Finding Information Finding Information 1 2
Critical Thinking Critical Thinking 1 2 3


  • The skill levels represented in the above chart illustrate the full range of sample tasks performed by experienced workers and not individuals preparing for or entering this occupation for the first time.
  • Note that some occupational profiles do not include all Numeracy and Thinking Essential Skills.

If you would like to print a copy of the chart and sample tasks, click on the "Print Occupational Profile" button at the top of the page.


Reading
  • Read short text entries in logbooks and forms, and comments on technical drawings and other documents. For example, read text entries in work orders to learn about furnace faults and required repairs. Read instructions on labels to learn furnace start-up and operating procedures. (1)
  • Read short instructions on furnace and appliance labels. For example, scan instructions on water heaters to learn how to avoid fire and explosion hazards. (2)
  • Read memos and notices to learn about matters such as upcoming training and changes to billing, inspection and warranty procedures. For example, read notices from insurance companies to learn which solid fuel stoves are covered under residential policies. (2)
  • Read trade magazines, newsletters and product brochures for information about industry practices and new products and tools. For example, an oil and solid fuel heating mechanic may read articles in trade magazines such as Oil Heating to learn about new plastic piping systems. An oil furnace installer may read product brochures to become familiar with new high efficiency oil furnaces and products such as oil lift systems. (3)
  • Read regulations governing the installation, operation and modification of oil and solid fuel furnaces and heating systems. For example, oil furnace installers read regulations issued by occupational health and safety commissions and the Canadian Standards Association to learn installation requirements governing oil storage systems and required clearances, electrical current set-ups and flue configurations for oil-burning furnaces. (3)
  • Read installation, operating and service manuals to understand the functioning of appliances and to gather technical information to perform troubleshooting, repair and maintenance procedures. For example, read service manuals to understand the operation of oil and solid fuel heating systems and to learn installation, maintenance and troubleshooting procedures. (3)
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Writing
  • Write brief reminder notes. For example, write reminder notes about how to reassemble components such as damper assemblies, oil burners and solid fuel injection systems. (1)
  • Write entries in forms and logbooks to record observations and recommendations. For example, describe the condition of parts in work orders and warranty claim forms. Oil and solid fuel heating mechanics may write short text entries into inspection reports to recommend the replacement of old oil tanks. (1)
  • Write email and short letters. For example, email manufacturers to request technical service bulletins. Write letters to issuers of building permits to clarify application procedures, timelines and inspection rulings. (2)
  • Write lengthy text entries in forms. For example, outline the sequence of events leading to workplace incidents and steps taken after in accident report forms. (2)
  • Write furnace start-up and operating procedures. For example, heating mechanics may write sequences of start-up procedures for owners of modified furnace systems. (2)
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Document Use
  • Scan labels on product packaging, equipment and technical drawings to locate data such as part identification numbers, operating specifications and dimensions of oil and solid fuel furnaces and appliances. (1)
  • Observe warning symbols and regulatory signs. For example, note toxicity hazards by observing symbols on product labels. Learn about injury risks by noting warning signs posted at construction sites. (1)
  • Complete entry forms such as furnace cleaning reports, warranty claims, work orders, timesheet, job estimates, parts requisitions and inspection checklists. Record contact information, dates, service intervals, identification numbers, dimensions, quantities, unit prices and instrument readings. (2)
  • Locate quantitative data in graphs. For example, scan graphs to determine ideal delivery pressures, flow rates and water heat rates. (2)
  • Obtain information from lists and tables. For example, locate quantities, descriptions, dimensions and unit costs for parts, materials and supplies from parts lists. Determine spray angles, nozzle capacities, air pressures, efficiency rates and other data in specification tables. (2)
  • Study process schematics to learn how furnace systems operate, identify control devices and troubleshoot faults. For example, review wiring schematics for furnace systems to locate circuits, solenoids, transformers and fan motors. (3)
  • Scan a variety of technical drawings to identify the order, positions and dimensions of furnace parts and components. For example, oil and solid fuel heating mechanics may examine burner component assembly drawings to determine the correct placement of junction boxes, motors, gaskets, blower wheels and transformers. They view sets of scale drawings to determine clearances, spans and locations of stoves, furnaces, oil tanks and appliances. (3)
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Digital Technology
  • Use email to communicate with customers, dispatchers and supervisors and to send and receive attachments such as inspection reports and work schedules. (2)
  • Launch Internet browsers to access specifications, safety codes and regulations, technical service bulletins, warranty information and repair procedures from websites operated by manufacturers and regulatory bodies. Visit bookmarked sites and locate information using general search functions. (2)
  • Use databases. For example, heating mechanics working for larger companies may use basic features of their organizations' databases to retrieve customers' contact information, query inventories and locate parts specifications and details of previously completed repairs. (2)
  • Use word processing. For example, self-employed heating mechanics may use basic text editing and text formatting features of word processing programs such as Word to write business letters to clients such as insurance companies. (2)
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Oral Communication
  • Discuss ongoing work with parts clerks and dispatchers. For example, talk to parts clerks to order parts and inquire about delivery times for existing orders. Speak with dispatchers to learn about upcoming service calls. (1)
  • Discuss technical and financial matters with customers. For example, talk to customers about topics such as fees, regulations, furnace systems choices, maintenance procedures and schedules. Explain inspection outcomes, regulations governing the installation of oil storage tanks and provide step-by-step instructions for restarting furnaces. Self-employed heating mechanics may discuss payment options and negotiate pricing and installation times. (2)
  • Confer with supervisors about job tasks, schedules, work loads, procedural changes and safety protocols. For example, heating mechanics working for heating contractors may talk to supervisors about customer complaints and clarify work assignments and billing procedures. (2)
  • Exchange technical repair and troubleshooting information with apprentices, co-workers, colleagues and manufacturers. For example, discuss complicated repair procedures with apprentices while demonstrating these tasks. Discuss unusual oil burner faults with co-workers and troubleshooting techniques with technical representatives on furnace manufacturers' help lines. (3)
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Money Math
  • Receive cash payments from customers and make change. (1)
  • Calculate expense claim amounts for travel and supply purchases. For example, calculate reimbursements for the use of personal vehicles using per kilometre rates. (2)
  • Prepare repair quotes and invoices. Calculate labour charges by multiplying hours worked by labour rates, add amounts for parts and materials and calculate applicable taxes. (3)
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Measurement and Calculation
  • Measure distances, temperatures, humidities, angles and electrical energies using a variety of measuring tools. For example, measure clearances using tape measures and temperatures using thermometers. (1)
  • Take measurements using specialized measuring tools and equipment. For example, measure carbon monoxide furnace emissions using combustion efficiency testing equipment and the movement of air through ducts using manometers. (2)
  • Calculate volumes, pressures, air flows and velocities, R-values, K-factors, energy gains and losses, burner capacities and fuel consumption rates. For example, calculate total air flow rates by multiplying air flow velocities by the cross-sectional areas of ducts and openings. Calculate the R-values of various floor structures. Determine combustion efficiencies by factoring draft measurements, stack temperatures and emission contents. (3)
  • Calculate the amounts and quantities of items such as vents, fittings, hoses, piping, radiators, and ductwork needed for furnace repairs and installations. For example, calculate the total ductwork needed by adding together the lengths of flues indicated on specifications and then adding a percentage to allow for wastage. (3)
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Data Analysis
  • Compare measurements of temperature, emission, pressure, humidity, airflow, angle, electrical energy and distance to specifications. (1)
  • Manage small inventories of material and supplies. For example, reduce inventory counts when stocked parts are used for furnace repairs. Periodically order supplies to replace those that have been used. (2)
  • Compare readings from different measuring tools and equipment. For example, judge the accuracy of combustion efficiency testers by comparing readings to those produced by gauges and other digital sensors. (2)
  • Analyze heat cycling times, pressures, air flows and velocities, energy gains and losses, burner capacities and fuel consumption rates to troubleshoot faults and set controls. For example, analyze fuel consumption rates, temperatures and carbon monoxide readings to ascertain required adjustments to air-to-fuel ratio settings. (3)
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Numerical Estimation
  • Estimate the times required to complete repairs and modifications. Consider the requirements of the tasks, lead times, familiarity with the components, availability of parts and times taken to complete similar tasks in the past. (1)
  • Estimate the effect that repairs and modifications will have on furnace performance. For example, estimate efficiency gains which may be realized by using different fuels and higher-performance oil burners as percentages. (2)
  • Estimate percentages of wear and useful life remaining for parts and components such as burners, fans, motors and oil storage tanks. Consider the ages of the parts, their extent of wear and regulations governing the mandatory replacement of items such as oil storage tanks. (2)
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Job Task Planning and Organizing
  • Oil and solid fuel heating mechanics organize their daily activities to meet deadlines established by customers, dispatchers and supervisors. They plan their tasks and organize their time in ways that optimize their efficiency. Oil and solid fuel heating mechanics may be required to prioritize appointments and provide emergency on-call services to customers at all hours of the day. Oil and solid fuel heating mechanics may coordinate and schedule the activities of apprentices and helpers. (2)
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Decision Making
  • Decide to replace parts when repairs are not feasible and economical. Consider the condition of parts and their replacement costs. (1)
  • Decide not to repair furnaces and oil tank installations that do not conform to regulations, bylaws and permit requirements. Consider the severity of deficiencies, regulatory guidelines and risks to safety, property and the environment. (2)
  • Select furnace component manufacturers and parts suppliers. For example, self-employed heating mechanics consider the popularity of brands, warranty coverages, selections, pricing and timeliness of deliveries when selecting heating goods wholesalers. (2)
  • Select parts, tools, equipment and procedures needed to perform services. Consider furnace makes, models and ages, services being performed, regulatory and insurance requirements and availability of parts, tools and equipment. (3)
  • Set fees for services such as furnace installations, repairs and inspections. For example, self-employed heating mechanics consider the fees charged by competing oil and solid fuel service companies and the quality of the service they provide. (3)
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Problem Solving
  • Furnaces cannot be repaired because specifications and instructions are unavailable. Consult with suppliers, manufacturers, supervisors and colleagues for advice and research websites to locate useable information. (2)
  • Repairs cannot be completed due to incorrect and unavailable parts. Inform customers, dispatchers and supervisors about the delays and carry out other work until the needed parts are available. (2)
  • Deadlines cannot be met due to unexpected technical problems and excessively worn and corroded fittings, tanks and furnace components. Enlist the help of manufacturers' technical representatives to troubleshoot unusual technical faults and inform customers, dispatchers and supervisors about the delays. Reschedule appointments and levy additional charges as required. (3)
  • Encounter customers who are angry about inspection outcomes and regulatory requirements. Explain the inspection procedures followed and outline the most economical ways to address faults and deficiencies. Outline regulatory requirements, cite specific clauses and acts and explain how the regulations help protect people, property and the environment. Refer unresolved complaints to insurance companies, regulatory bodies and supervisors for further information, follow-up and resolution. (3)
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Finding Information
  • Find furnace and heating system specifications by reviewing architectural drawings and product specification sheets, by reading standards issued by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers and by speaking with engineers, building safety codes officers and clients. (2)
  • Find information about parts. For example, find identification numbers, warranties, specifications, costs and availabilities by reviewing catalogues and pricelists and by talking with suppliers. (2)
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Critical Thinking
  • Evaluate the performance of apprentices. Consider apprentices' abilities to troubleshoot and repair faults and to locate information such as specifications. (2)
  • Judge the condition of parts such as heat exchangers, fittings, fans, motors and pumps. For example, oil and solid fuel heating mechanics inspect burner nozzles for signs of excessive fuel use and erratic spray flows and angles of disbursement. They inspect associated fittings for signs of wear and leakage. (2)
  • Evaluate the safety and quality of installations and repairs. Consider the condition of components and fittings, diagnostic test results and instrument readings, manufacturer specifications and regulations issued by insurance companies and the Canadian Standards Association. (3)
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