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OSP Occupational Profile

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NOC Code: NOC Code: 7451 Occupation: Longshore workers
Occupation Description: Occupation Description:
Longshore workers transfer cargo throughout dock area and onto and from ships and other vessels. They are employed by marine cargo handling companies, shipping agencies and shipping lines. Longshore workers transfer cargo throughout dock area and onto and from ships and other vessels. They are employed by marine cargo handling companies, shipping agencies and shipping lines.

  • Click on any of the Essential Skills to view sample workplace tasks for this occupation.
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Table will display the Skill Level for the Noc specified
Essential Skills Essential Skills Levels
Reading Reading 1 2 3
Writing Writing 1 2
Document Use Document Use 1 2 3
Oral Communication Oral Communication 1 2
Measurement and Calculation Measurement and Calculation 1 2
Data Analysis Data Analysis 1
Numerical Estimation Numerical Estimation 1 2 3
Job Task Planning and Organizing Job Task Planning and Organizing 1 2
Decision Making Decision Making 1 2 3
Problem Solving Problem Solving 1 2
Finding Information Finding Information 1 2 3

  • The skill levels represented in the above chart illustrate the full range of sample tasks performed by experienced workers and not individuals preparing for or entering this occupation for the first time.
  • Note that some occupational profiles do not include all Numeracy and Thinking Essential Skills.

If you would like to print a copy of the chart and sample tasks, click on the "Print Occupational Profile" button at the top of the page.

  • Read a few sentences at the beginning of a shift to receive work instructions, such as starting times and chute assignments. (1)
  • Skim memos of a page or less in length to stay abreast of company policies or union business. (2)
  • Read site regulations for each terminal to which you are dispatched to obtain information on operating procedures, such as stowage patterns for different types of materials. (2)
  • Scan company newsletters to identify and read articles of interest. (2)
  • Refer to manuals to learn how to operate equipment, such as conventional cranes on ships, or to find information such as rigging configurations. (3)
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  • Jot a note as a reminder of supplies needed on the location of a cargo hold. (1)
  • Complete a tally sheet to record the number of packs delivered, such as 100 packs from Tokyo. (1)
  • Complete accident report forms to record the details of an accident. (2)
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Document Use
  • Read weight data written or stamped on the side of cargo to determine how to lift it safely. (1)
  • Read signage posted at terminals, wharfs and piers for directions and safety information. (1)
  • Read lists of names on union dispatch boards to locate own name and indicate availability for work. (1)
  • Read labels on equipment and supplies, such as forklifts and wire, to identify safe working loads. (1)
  • Read tables to obtain information such as ferry schedules, stowage patterns or rigging configurations. (2)
  • Read flags flying on ships from around the world to identify each ship's country of origin. (2)
  • Interpret pictures to learn about hand signals or operating procedures, such as how to handle lumber. (2)
  • Read delivery slips and invoices to verify that goods, such as lumber, were delivered in the amounts specified in the paperwork. (2)
  • Interpret scale drawings of ships to locate cargo to be unloaded or interpret scale drawings of terminals to locate berths, warehouses and roads. (3)
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Oral Communication
  • Listen to and follow simple radio instructions from the gantry operator. (1)
  • Communicate with co-workers performing such tasks as tending hatch or operating cranes or small equipment, to safely and efficiently co-ordinate the movement of goods. (2)
  • Converse with co-workers and forepersons during safety meetings. (2)
  • Interact with checkers, who monitor and record the transfer of cargo, and the RCMP, who manage security, to provide information. (2)
  • Speak with crews of ships being loaded or unloaded to locate cargo and co-ordinate work. (2)
  • Interact with forepersons to receive work instructions, to report safety concerns and to troubleshoot problems. (2)
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Measurement and Calculation
  • Measure the dimensions of a ship's hold to determine what goods will fit in this space. (1)
  • Calculate the weight of a load, considering the weight and quantity of the different materials, to safely hoist it by crane. (2)
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Data Analysis
  • Compare the weight of items to be lifted, such as a pack of lumber, to the weight rating of a sling to determine if the sling will safely lift the load. (1)
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Numerical Estimation
  • Estimate the weight and dimensions of a vehicle to determine how best to securely lash it to a ship. (2)
  • Estimate if the cargo being hoisted by the crane will fit in a specific spot in the hatch, considering factors such as the angle of entry and the size of the cargo. (3)
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Job Task Planning and Organizing
  • Longshore workers perform repetitive tasks; however, they may bid on various types of work requiring different skills and this lends a measure of variety. Their work priorities are established by forepersons who provide ongoing direction to crews during the day. Within this context, longshore workers follow established operating procedures and have some scope to sequence their tasks for efficiency. Co-ordinating work with others in the crew is essential to working safely and maintaining productivity. (2)
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Decision Making
  • Decide which piece of available equipment is most suited to the job that must be done. (1)
  • Decide how many bundles of logs may be safely lifted by crane. (2)
  • Decide what constitutes safe work practices to maintain your personal safety and that of others. (2)
  • Decide if it is necessary to suspend work when there is a serious safety hazard, such as fume emissions, or if cargo is being improperly stowed, pending review by the walking boss. (3)
  • Decide the sequence of loading goods into containers, considering the weight distribution. (3)
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Problem Solving
  • A pack of lumber has been broken while moving a load. Follow the standard procedure of calling in a swamper to restack the broken bundle and, in the interim, figure out how to work around the temporary obstruction to maintain productivity. (1)
  • Other workers are putting products at risk. For instance, careless use of water hoses in the warehouse may mean that rolls of paper products are in danger of being soaked. Advise the person using the hose that this is jeopardizing the product and, if necessary, move products to another location. (1)
  • A load is off balance and tipping forward. Assess whether time should be taken to adjust the load immediately, considering safety risks and how long it will take to get the load to its destination. (2)
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Finding Information
  • Call the dispatcher to find missing information on an invoice, such as the name of the ship to be loaded. (1)
  • Consult with the foreperson by radio or in person to clarify procedures. (1)
  • Read health and safety regulations to find information on safety. (2)
  • Speak with experienced co-workers to solve problems. (2)
  • Use reference books, manuals and documents available at union halls and companies to find technical information, such as rigging techniques. Extract and interpret the information and apply it to the workplace. (3)
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