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NOC Code: NOC Code: 8262 Occupation: Fishermen/women
Occupation Description: Occupation Description:
Fishermen/women operate fishing vessels less than 100 gross tonnes to pursue and land fish and other marine life. They are usually self-employed owner-operators of fishing vessels. Fishermen/women operate fishing vessels less than 100 gross tonnes to pursue and land fish and other marine life. They are usually self-employed owner-operators of fishing vessels.

  • Click on any of the Essential Skills to view sample workplace tasks for this occupation.
  • Scroll down the page to get information on career planning, education and training, and employment and volunteer opportunities.

Table will display the Skill Level for the Noc specified
Essential Skills Essential Skills Levels
Reading Reading 1 2 3
Writing Writing 1 2 3
Document Use Document Use 1 2 3
Digital Technology Digital Technology 1 2
Oral Communication Oral Communication 1 2 3
Money Math Money Math 1 2 3
Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting 1
Measurement and Calculation Measurement and Calculation 1 2
Data Analysis Data Analysis 1 2
Numerical Estimation Numerical Estimation 1 2
Job Task Planning and Organizing Job Task Planning and Organizing 1 2 3
Decision Making Decision Making 1 2 3 4
Problem Solving Problem Solving 1 2 3
Finding Information Finding Information 1 2 3
Critical Thinking Critical Thinking 1 2 3


  • The skill levels represented in the above chart illustrate the full range of sample tasks performed by experienced workers and not individuals preparing for or entering this occupation for the first time.
  • Note that some occupational profiles do not include all Numeracy and Thinking Essential Skills.

If you would like to print a copy of the chart and sample tasks, click on the "Print Occupational Profile" button at the top of the page.


Reading
  • Skim operating instructions on fishing gear and safety equipment labels. Read instructions and precautions on cleaners, solvents and other maintenance supplies. (1)
  • Scan fishing logs that detail weather and fishing information from past fishing seasons. (1)
  • Read fishing industry magazines and newspapers for local and national news, product reviews and editorials. (2)
  • Read fishing licence application forms and catch quota forms to ensure compliance to rules and regulations described on the forms. (2)
  • Read bulletins from government agencies that provide information on weather conditions and changes in navigation and fishing operations. Read on-screen versions of these bulletins on websites or through email. (2)
  • Read municipal, provincial and federal fishing regulations to ensure your practices are compliant. Review fishing license conditions and read navigation, public docking and mooring regulations. (2)
  • Read studies, policies and proposed legislation that are developed to regulate and manage the fishing industry. (3)
  • Read operating and user manuals for navigational equipment such as plotters, global positioning systems, depth sounders and radar systems. (3)
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Writing
  • Write notes in logbooks to keep a record of weather, sea conditions, navigational readings, catches and unusual sightings while on the water. For example, note fish and bird species that are not normally found in your area or vessels whose appearance or behaviour is suspicious. (1)
  • Write brief reminders of what was said at meetings or what you found on websites. For example, write reminders about quotas and season openings while visiting the Department of Fisheries and Ocean's website. (1)
  • Write short email to suppliers to inquire about the availability and prices of equipment. (2)
  • Write short letters and notes to government agencies and the media to express concerns, voice opinions, defend positions and request licenses and authorization. For example, write letters to the Department of Fisheries and Oceans protesting quota cuts and pointing out the abundance of particular species in your area. (3)
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Document Use
  • Read labels on safety equipment such as lifejackets and flares to ensure they are approved for use and verify equipment expiration dates. (1)
  • Read lists of meeting dates, season openings and closures, and dates for licence renewals posted by government agencies and fishing associations. (1)
  • Complete licence applications and catch quota forms by checking boxes and entering brief notes. (1)
  • Enter data such as location coordinates, weather conditions, water and air temperatures, catch quantities and amounts paid for catches in logbooks. (2)
  • Plot courses and locations of fishing gear on a plotter using electrically drawn lines and icons. Use the plots to locate traps and nets when you return to fishing grounds. (2)
  • Take data from tide tables and fish price per kilogram listings. (2)
  • Read schematics when installing or repairing equipment. For example, follow wiring schematics when installing new autopilots on the boat. (3)
  • Read assembly drawings when trying to install or repair equipment. For example, consult assembly drawings when installing new navigational plotters. (3)
  • Read navigation charts. Interpret icons, symbols and abbreviations on the charts to plot courses to and from ports and fishing grounds, and to avoid dangerous areas. (3)
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Digital Technology
  • Email suppliers for equipment prices. (2)
  • Use word processing. For example, write short notes or letters. (2)
  • Use computer and software applications. For example, use navigation software to mark traps and nets on electronic charts. Use global positioning systems, sonar and radar to navigate boats and find fish. (2)
  • Use an Internet browser to access weather and ice reports, learn about new fishing gear and read information posted by agencies which regulate the fishing industry. (2)
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Oral Communication
  • Listen to radio broadcasts for weather reports, calls from other vessels or emergency calls. (1)
  • Speak with customers and potential buyers. Explain how to prepare fish and answer general interest questions such as where and how different species are caught. (1)
  • Speak with officials such as port administrators who manage facilities and with coast guard and fisheries inspectors who enforce regulations in the fishing industry. For example, question DFO officials about possible lengthening or closing of seasons, speak with harbourmasters about dock assignments and request annual safety inspections by Coast Guard representatives. (2)
  • Assign tasks and give verbal instructions to crew members during fishing trips. (2)
  • Discuss the availability and quality of fish and negotiate the price of fish with plant owners and fish buyers. (2)
  • Order fishing gear and boat parts, and confirm delivery times with suppliers. Late or incomplete supply orders or backordered parts are especially critical during fishing season. (2)
  • Speak at union and fishing association meetings, public hearings and discussion groups. Present information or communicate concerns about resource management. (2)
  • Speak with other fish harvesters to discuss subjects such as fishing and weather conditions, new regulations, sources of equipment and supplies and fishing methods. Use nautical terms not regularly understood by the general public such as bow, stern, windward and leeward. (3)
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Money Math
  • Purchase gear, bait, fuel and equipment required for daily fishing operations with cash or credit cards and retain receipts for bookkeeping purposes. (1)
  • Sell fish by the pound or kilogram. Weigh the fish, calculate purchase amount, apply taxes and make change for consumers. (2)
  • Sell fish to wholesale fish buyers. Negotiate prices, rebates and discounts, often prior to season openings and at dockside. (3)
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Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting
  • Record expenses and revenues for accounting purposes and to determine the profitability of fishing trips. (1)
  • Record work schedules for crew and maintenance schedules for equipment. (1)
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Measurement and Calculation
  • Measure traps, fishing net mesh and fish. (1)
  • Calculate position such as fishing grounds using navigational instruments to determine locations. (2)
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Data Analysis
  • Analyze catches and weather data recorded in logs from past trips to determine the most productive fishing times and locations. (2)
  • Keep an inventory of catches landed on a per-trip and cumulative basis so that quotas are not exceeded. Inspect catches to determine that there are no undersized fish or ineligible species which should be returned to the water. (2)
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Numerical Estimation
  • Estimate sizes and values of catches, total steaming times and times of arrival in ports. (1)
  • Estimate quantities of supplies, bait, fuel and food needed for the number of days you expect to be at sea. Factor crew requirements into the estimate. (2)
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Job Task Planning and Organizing
  • Fishermen/women plan each day in advance, preparing all that they need well ahead of time. Insufficient planning can result in lost fishing time and, in some cases, put lives in danger. They must be disciplined and maintain tight work schedules. Daily planning follows a routine which is broken only by interruptions such as bad weather and mechanical breakdowns. Some disruptions may require significant reorganization to make up for lost time and to get work completed. Fishermen/women may schedule and plan work for their partners, helpers and crew. They assign positions and direct activities of crew members while working and ensure that they are working in a safe and efficient manner. (3)
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Decision Making
  • Decide to send equipment out to qualified servicepersons for repairs. Consider the amount of time you have available for repairs, your ability to do the work competently and the cost if equipment is sent to a service and repair shop. (1)
  • Decide how many crew members are needed for each fishing season. (2)
  • Decide what gear must be purchased for each fishing season based on the species you fish. (2)
  • Decide to sell to a variety of buyers to maintain competition for your catch and to diversify your market bases. (2)
  • Decide to support proposals and regulations put forward by government, fishing associations, scientists and businesses. For example, you may support conservation measures that propose limiting present catches in favour of larger quotas in subsequent years. (3)
  • Decide when and where to fish based on past experience, legislated restrictions and available markets. Fish in the best areas available given government restrictions and traditional rights on the fishing grounds. Choosing the right locations is critical to fishing success and profitability. (4)
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Problem Solving
  • You have not caught enough fish early in the season to use as bait. Buy it from local suppliers. (1)
  • Lose or break fishing gear due to inclement weather, usage or interference by other vessels. Repair or replace the gear in a timely manner. (1)
  • Electronic navigation has been lost in the boat. Revert to traditional navigation methods using compasses and charts until the equipment is repaired. (2)
  • There are too many fish harvesters fishing in too small an area to be safe and productive. Communicate with each other and authorities to organize fair fishing and safe navigation to prevent tangled gear and broken equipment. (2)
  • Experience equipment malfunctions or breakdowns at sea. Attempt to make running repairs. If you are unable to get equipment working properly, return to port where more resources are available. If the boat is disabled, call for emergency assistance. (2)
  • You are having trouble getting acceptable or good prices for catches. Low prices may be caused by saturated markets, disputes over product quality or lack of transportation to the markets. Find other buyers, hold products until a better price is found or suspend fishing of that species until the price for the catch yields a reasonable return. (3)
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Finding Information
  • Find weather and ice conditions information on television, radio, recorded telephone messages and on the Environment Canada website. (1)
  • Find information on legislation, regulations, season openings and closures and restrictions by reading bulletins, visiting websites, calling Department of Fisheries and Oceans officials and talking to union and association representatives. (2)
  • Monitor fish prices, dates for seasonal openings and closings, availability of equipment by reading newspapers, magazines, reports, attending meetings and talking to other fish harvesters in your area or from other locations. (3)
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Critical Thinking
  • Evaluate the quality of gear and equipment. (1)
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of processing and fish storage methods used by crew to ensure quality. (2)
  • Evaluate the reliability and validity of weather and ice condition information provided by different sources. (3)
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