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NOC Code: NOC Code: 9412 Occupation: Foundry workers
Occupation Description: Occupation Description:
This unit group includes workers who make foundry moulds and cores by hand or machine, cast molten metal, and operate furnaces in the foundry industry. They are employed by metal foundries and foundry departments of metal products manufacturing companies. This unit group includes workers who make foundry moulds and cores by hand or machine, cast molten metal, and operate furnaces in the foundry industry. They are employed by metal foundries and foundry departments of metal products manufacturing companies.

  • Click on any of the Essential Skills to view sample workplace tasks for this occupation.
  • Scroll down the page to get information on career planning, education and training, and employment and volunteer opportunities.

Table will display the Skill Level for the Noc specified
Essential Skills Essential Skills Levels
Reading Reading 1 2 3
Writing Writing 1 2
Document Use Document Use 1 2 3
Digital Technology Digital Technology 1
Oral Communication Oral Communication 1 2
Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting 1 2
Measurement and Calculation Measurement and Calculation 1 2 3
Data Analysis Data Analysis 1
Numerical Estimation Numerical Estimation 1 2
Job Task Planning and Organizing Job Task Planning and Organizing 1 2 3
Decision Making Decision Making 1 2 3
Problem Solving Problem Solving 1 2 3
Finding Information Finding Information 1 2 3

  • The skill levels represented in the above chart illustrate the full range of sample tasks performed by experienced workers and not individuals preparing for or entering this occupation for the first time.
  • Note that some occupational profiles do not include all Numeracy and Thinking Essential Skills.

If you would like to print a copy of the chart and sample tasks, click on the "Print Occupational Profile" button at the top of the page.

  • Read notes or written directions from supervisors, such as instructions regarding the quantities of certain templates to make. (1)
  • Read memos from suppliers and customers, such as requests for sending metal samples out for analysis. (1)
  • Read trade journals to keep up with developments in foundry processes, such as ways to coat materials or clean metal. (2)
  • Refer to machine manuals for troubleshooting purposes to determine whether to call electricians or operators. (3)
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  • Write short comments on work orders to remind front office staff about billing arrangements and defects. (1)
  • Leave notes for workers on the next shift with instructions, such as what to do if equipment fails. (1)
  • Keep logs for supervisors with information on ladle weights or successful uses of particular dyes. (1)
  • Keep notes on job specifications, outlining weights, types of metal used or special problems. (1)
  • Fill out documentation about safety incidents, describing the time and circumstances of the incident, how the situation was handled and steps taken to ensure the problem will not recur. (2)
  • Draft short letters to suppliers or customers requesting information or informing them about the progress of orders. (2)
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Document Use
  • Read packing slips for equipment to find numbers shipped and back ordered. (1)
  • Read flow meters or gauges which show flow of gases. (1)
  • Read Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) symbols. (1)
  • Read grade card booklets with tables containing critical ranges for elements to be held in steel mixes. (2)
  • Read labels on equipment, such as labels on bandsaw gears showing how to grind pieces off products. (2)
  • Read casting summaries which outline heat settings, open and close times and temperatures of ladles. (2)
  • Read work orders, containing company names, shipping dates, amounts of casting required and the types of castings and moulds. (2)
  • Read metal schedules. (2)
  • Track and plot temperatures on graphs for each piece of metal produced to ensure that temperatures stay within a specified range. (3)
  • Read detailed microphotographs taken with electronic scanning microscopes, showing the composition and granularity of metal alloys. (3)
  • Read standards books and specification sheets for various alloys, specifying melting temperatures, constituents and other technical information. (3)
  • Complete casting record tables which include heat values, open and close times, remarks, weights and scrap amounts. (3)
  • Work from assembly drawings and blueprints to get dimensions and the orientation of parts to create prototypes. (3)
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Digital Technology
  • Use computer-controlled machinery. For example, read numeric control settings on computerized equipment. (1)
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Oral Communication
  • Speak with utility and maintenance workers when machines break down or hydraulics blow. (1)
  • Speak with smelter operators who supply alloys and sculptors who create original designs. (2)
  • Persuade co-workers to complete tasks in a particular way. (2)
  • Discuss job details with steel pourers, handlers, powder pushers, crane operators, laboratory workers and supervisors. Discussions may deal with co-ordinating the lifting and pouring of molten metal or receiving instructions on how much material to add. (2)
  • Speak with customers to discuss products or casting methods, to verify job details or update them on progress. (2)
  • Interact with supervisors to discuss production concerns, lab results or material problems and to co-ordinate schedules or shipping deadlines. (2)
  • Instruct, supervise and assign tasks to helpers. (2)
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Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting
  • Schedule the inspection and cleaning of vessels, knowing that particular parts of them need to be cleaned before others. (2)
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Measurement and Calculation
  • Measure and cut baked sand cores used to create holes in castings. (1)
  • Calculate weights of metal castings. (1)
  • Measure moulds and cast objects. (2)
  • Read carbon heat settings, oxygen input pressure, quantities of trace elements and other values displayed on the computer screen. Calculate the proportion of needed elements. (2)
  • Use a variety of specialized measuring instruments such as temperature probes and micrometers during the making and casting of metal. (3)
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Data Analysis
  • Complete compactability tests to determine how much water needs to be added or removed from sand if ranges are too high or low. (1)
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Numerical Estimation
  • Estimate the temperature of molten metal by observing the metal's colour and bubbles. (1)
  • Prepare written cost estimates for developing new castings, taking into account the weight of metal casts and the time required to build prototypes and make sample moulds. (2)
  • Estimate how many moulds can be poured with partial pots of molten metal. (2)
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Job Task Planning and Organizing
  • Foundry workers plan their own workdays, organizing production from preliminary sketches to finished products. They gather their own tools, get raw materials and plan production for large and small orders. There are established routines to follow to complete job orders and workers must plan tasks in order to get jobs done quickly and on time. They co-operate with other foundry workers and assign tasks to helpers. Foundry workers depart from routine on occasion, for example, when guides are misaligned or new specifications require review. Foundry workers may work on more than one project at a time, as there are wait times in heating and cooling metal. (3)
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Decision Making
  • Decide whether to pour a mould with what is left in the crucible or to wait until more metal has been melted. (1)
  • Make decisions regarding the layout of moulds. Decide how they will be oriented, and where to cut channels for the molten metal to run into the moulds. This is based on past experience and observation of the thickness and shape of the mould. (2)
  • Decide whether alloy casting is appropriate for a particular customer's application. Discuss the new product with the customer. (2)
  • Decide which type of moulding rubber would be best for each casting job, reviewing a selection of rubbers which require a higher or lower temperature. (2)
  • Decide which is the right alloy for each application, considering strength, granularity and porosity. (2)
  • Decide on the type of material used for moulds and, occasionally, the order of tasks on the floor. (3)
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Problem Solving
  • The steel is bulging and is creating a damaged product. Speak to supervisors or melters to see if they can solve the problem by increasing the rate of steel flow. (1)
  • Production quality problems have occurred, such as short or cold runs where moulds haven't filled completely. Try to correct a number of factors, such as changing gating systems, pouring metal faster or pouring in more metal. Make these corrections based on past experience, observation and trial and error. (2)
  • Alloys are improperly flowing into moulds and leaving pockets and holes. Modify moulds or cast others with different parting lines. (2)
  • There is too much shrinkage of parts made from alloys. Experiment with different alloys to solve the problem. (2)
  • Solve unique technical problems. For example, when making custom made name plates for the first time, castings may heat up too fast, leaving dust particles in the paint. It may be necessary to create a unique solution, without referring to manuals, such as grinding the plates lightly with a rough belt and then using a fine belt to get a dust-free satin finish on the plates. (3)
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Finding Information
  • Speak to moulders to find out information such as the current level of particular elements in mixes, the temperatures of mixes or substances to line the dies. (1)
  • Phone engineering consultants or staff at other foundries or smelters to find information on metallurgical problems or alloy casting. (2)
  • Refer to trade magazines and novelty catalogues and talk to other foundry workers at exhibitions to get new ideas and find out about ways to develop new products. (3)
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